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Thayer How India-Vietnam Strategic Ties Are Mutually Beneficial

Thayer How India-Vietnam Strategic Ties Are Mutually Beneficial

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Published by Carlyle Alan Thayer
An analysis of Vietnam's relations with India in light of the visit by Vietnam Communist Party Secretary General Nguyen Phu Trong in November 2013.
An analysis of Vietnam's relations with India in light of the visit by Vietnam Communist Party Secretary General Nguyen Phu Trong in November 2013.

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Published by: Carlyle Alan Thayer on Dec 21, 2013
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How India-Vietnam Strategic Ties Are Mutually Beneficial
ietnam’s defense relations with India lessen its near total defense dependency on Russia.
L󰁡󰁳󰁴 󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁨, 󰁡󰁦󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁒󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁡󲀙󰁳 󰁐󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁬󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁲 󰁐󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁡 󰁨󰁩󰁧󰁨󰀭󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁦󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁯 H󰁡󰁮󰁯󰁩 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁵󰁬󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁡 󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁫󰁥󰁤 󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁰 󰁰 󰁩󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮, 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁓󰁥󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 C󰁯󰁭󰁭󰁵󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁐󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁹 󰁎󰁧󰁵󰁹󰁥󰁮 󰁐󰁨󰁵 󰁔󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁡󰁭󰁥 󰁯󰁢󰁪󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁥. 󰁔󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁧󲀙󰁳 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁳󰁩󰁧󰁮󰁡󰁬󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁳󰁥󰁥󰁫󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁬󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁧󰁥 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󲀙󰁳 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁓󰁯󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁴/󰁒󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁴󰁥󰁣󰁨󰁮󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁹 󰁴󰁯 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁡󰁤󰁶󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁧󰁡󰁴󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁫 󰁯󰁦 󰁤󰁥󰁰󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁹 󰁯󰁮 󰁡 󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁥 󰁳󰁵󰁰󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁥󰁲.󰁓󰁥󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁔󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁧 󰁳󰁵󰁣󰁣󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁦󰁵󰁬󰁬󰁹 󰁳󰁯󰁵󰁧󰁨󰁴 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󲀙󰁳 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁭󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁺󰁥 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁲󰁣󰁥󰁳. I󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁰󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁩󰁥󰁲 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁬󰁯󰁢󰁢󰁹󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁵󰁲󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁳󰁥 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 󰁷󰁡󰁲󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰󰁳, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁵󰁮󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁦󰁦󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 󰁡 󰁕󰁓$100 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁴 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁵󰁲󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁳󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁯󰁵󰁲 󰁏󰁦󰁦󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁐󰁡󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁬 󰁖󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁳. 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁷󰁡󰁳 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󲀙󰁳 󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁴 󰁯󰁦󰁦󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁴 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁵󰁲󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁳󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁰󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁴󰁯 󰁡 󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁹 󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁳󰁩󰁤󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁓󰁯󰁵󰁴󰁨 A󰁳󰁩󰁡. A󰁮󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁴󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥󰀭󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮.I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁥󰁤󰁬󰁹 󰁮󰁥󰁧󰁯󰁴󰁩󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁡󰁬󰁥 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 B󰁲󰁡󰁨M󰁯󰁳 󰁣󰁲󰁵󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁬󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁡󰁳 󰁷󰁥󰁬󰁬 󰁡󰁳 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰀭󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮.󰁓󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁴󰁬󰁹 󰁡󰁦󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁔󰁲󰁯󰁮󰁧 󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭, 󰁩󰁴 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁷󰁯󰁵󰁬󰁤 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮 󰁵󰁰 󰁯 500 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁳󰁡󰁩󰁬󰁯󰁲󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󲀜󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁨󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁷󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁢󰁡󰁴 󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳󲀝 󰁡󰁴 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮 󰁳󰁵󰁢󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲 I󰁎󰁓
󰁓󰁡󰁴󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁡
.󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁵󰁰󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁫 󰁩󰁮 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁨󰁡󰁳 󰁡 󰁬󰁯󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁲󰁹. I󰁮 1982, 󰁡 󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁯󰁮󰁥 󰁩󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁣󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 J󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴 C󰁯󰁭󰁭󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁥 󰁦󰁯󰁲 E󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁣, C󰁵󰁬󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁬, 󰁓󰁣󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁦󰁩󰁣 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁔󰁥󰁣󰁨󰁮󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬 C󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁥󰁥 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳.I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁤󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁨󰁥 1980󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 1990󰁳. M󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳 󰁷󰁥󰁲󰁥 󰁳󰁩󰁧󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁓󰁥󰁰󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁢󰁥󰁲 1994, M󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 2000 󰁡󰁮󰁤 M󰁡󰁹 2003.
By Carl Thayer
December 03, 2013
󰁐󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰀱 󰁯󰁦 󰀱󰀳󰁈󰁯󰁷 󰁉󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁓󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 󰁔󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁁󰁲󰁥 󰁍󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹 󰁂󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁩󰁡󰁬 󰁼 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁄󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁭󰁡󰁴󰀲󰀱󰀯󰀱󰀲󰀯󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳󰁨󰁴󰁴󰁰󰀺󰀯󰀯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁭󰁡󰁴󰀮󰁣󰁯󰁭󰀯󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳󰀯󰀱󰀲󰀯󰁨󰁯󰁷󰀭󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭󰀭󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣󰀭󰁴󰁩󰁥󰁳󰀭󰁡󰁲󰁥󰀭󰁭󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹󰀭󰁢󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁦󰁩󰀮󰀮󰀮
 
 󰁭󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁰󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁣󰁨󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮 󰁎󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁭󰁢󰁥󰁲 2007 󰁷󰁨󰁥󰁮 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁡 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰 󰁤󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁯󰁦󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁩󰁡󰁬 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁴󰁯 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁢󰁹 󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭󲀙󰁳 󰁐󰁲󰁩󰁭󰁥 M󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁎󰁧󰁵󰁹󰁥󰁮 󰁔󰁡󰁮 D󰁵󰁮󰁧. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 J󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴 D󰁥󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁮 󰁓󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 󰁐󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁲󰁴󰁹󰀭󰁴󰁨󰁲󰁥󰁥 󰁰󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁭󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁵󰁴 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁦󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁳: 󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬, 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹; 󰁣󰁬󰁯󰁳󰁥󰁲 󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁯󰁭󰁩󰁣 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁭󰁥󰁲󰁣󰁩󰁡󰁬 󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁡󰁧󰁥󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴; 󰁳󰁣󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁣󰁨󰁮󰁯󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁹; 󰁣󰁵󰁬󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁥󰁣󰁨󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬; 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁭󰁵󰁬󰁴󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮.󰁨󰁥 J󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴 D󰁥󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁳󰁥󰁴 󰁯󰁵󰁴 󰁳󰁩󰁸 󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬, 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁨󰁥󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧:F󰁩󰁲󰁳󰁴, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁨󰁯󰁬󰁤 󰁡 󰁓󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 D󰁩󰁡󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁵󰁥 󰁡󰁴 󰁤󰁥󰁰󰁵󰁴󰁹 󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁬󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁬. 󰁨󰁥󰁳󰁥 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁢󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁨󰁥󰁬󰁤 󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹 󰁳󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁥 2007.󰁓󰁥󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁤, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁬󰁡󰁣󰁥 󰁦󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁥 󰁥󰁭󰁰󰁨󰁡󰁳󰁩󰁳 󰁯󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁳󰁵󰁰󰁰󰁬󰁩󰁥󰁳, 󰁪󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴 󰁲󰁯󰁪󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁳, 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁬󰁩󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁥󰁸󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁥󰁳.󰁨󰁩󰁲󰁤, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁥󰁮󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁣󰁴󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁥󰁸󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁥 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁢󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁳.F󰁯󰁵󰁲󰁴󰁨, 󰁩󰁮 󰁬󰁩󰁧󰁨󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁳󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁳, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁥󰁮󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁣󰁡󰁰󰁡󰁣󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁢󰁵󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧, 󰁴󰁥󰁣󰁨󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁳󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁶󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁡󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁡 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁯󰁦 󰁳󰁥󰁡󰀭󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁥󰁳, 󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁩󰀭󰁩󰁲󰁡󰁣󰁹, 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁰󰁯󰁬󰁬󰁵󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁥.F󰁩󰁦󰁴󰁨, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁶󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁧󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁮 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁯 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁢󰁡󰁴 󰁥󰁲󰁲󰁯󰁲󰁩󰁳󰁭 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁭󰁯󰁴󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁣󰁹󰁢󰁥󰁲 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹.󰁓󰁩󰁸󰁴󰁨, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁡󰁤󰁤󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁳 󰁮󰁯󰁮󰀭󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁤󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁥󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁤󰁲󰁵󰁧 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁦󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁫󰁩󰁮󰁧, 󰁮󰁡󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁡󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁳, 󰁣󰁬󰁩󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁥 󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁥, 󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁹 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹, HI󰁖/AID󰁓, 󰁡󰁶󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁬󰁵󰁥󰁮󰁺󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁥󰁰󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁭󰁩󰁣󰁳.󰁨󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁭󰁰󰁯󰁮󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰 󰁷󰁡󰁳 󰁡󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁵󰁰󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁭󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁬󰁹. I󰁮 D󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁭󰁢󰁥󰁲 2007, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󲀙󰁳 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 M󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲 A. K. A󰁮󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁮󰁹 󰁳󰁩󰁧󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁡 M󰁥󰁭󰁯󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁵󰁭 󰁯󰁦 󰁕󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴, G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁐󰁨󰁵󰁮󰁧 󰁑󰁵󰁡󰁮󰁧 󰁔󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁨, 󰁤󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁡 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁴󰁯 H󰁡󰁮󰁯󰁩. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 M󰁏󰁕 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁮󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁡󰁬 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥, 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁹, 󰁡󰁩󰁲 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧. A󰁮󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁮󰁹 󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁷󰁯󰁵󰁬󰁤 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁳󰁦󰁥󰁲 5,000 󰁳󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁥 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁩󰁴󰁳
 󰁐󰁥󰁴󰁹󰁡
󰀭󰁣󰁬󰁡󰁳󰁳 󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁷󰁯󰁵󰁬󰁤 󰁳󰁥󰁮󰁤 󰁡 󰁴󰁥󰁡󰁭 󰁯 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁴󰁯 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁕󰁎 󰁰󰁥󰁡󰁣󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁥󰁰󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳.󰁓󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁥 2007, 󰁵󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁥󰁸󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁥󰁤 󰁨󰁩󰁧󰁨󰀭󰁬󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁬 󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁥󰁡󰁤󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁧󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴, 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁥󰁲󰁶󰁩󰁣󰁥 󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦󰁳. I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁩󰁮 A󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁬 2008, A󰁰󰁲󰁩󰁬 2009, M󰁡󰁹󰀭J󰁵󰁮󰁥 2010, M󰁡󰁹 2011, J󰁵󰁬󰁹 2011, M󰁡󰁹 2012.I󰁮 F󰁥󰁢󰁲󰁵󰁡󰁲󰁹 2008, A󰁤󰁭󰁩󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁓󰁵󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁳󰁨 M󰁥󰁨󰁴󰁡, C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 A󰁲󰁭󰁹 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁦󰁦 C󰁯󰁭󰁭󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁥, 󰁨󰁥󰁬󰁤 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁩󰁮 H󰁡󰁮󰁯󰁩 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁓󰁥󰁮󰁩󰁯󰁲 L󰁴. G󰁥󰁮. 󰁎󰁧󰁵󰁹󰁥󰁮 K󰁨󰁡󰁣 󰁎󰁧󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁮, C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁦󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁐󰁥󰁯󰁰󰁬󰁥󲀙󰁳 A󰁲󰁭󰁹 (󰁖󰁐A). I󰁮 󰁏󰁣󰁴󰁯󰁢󰁥󰁲 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁦󰁯󰁬󰁬󰁯󰁷󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁹󰁥󰁡󰁲, 󰁡 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁬󰁥󰁧󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁬󰁥󰁴  󰁹 L󰁴. G󰁥󰁮. 󰁎󰁧󰁵󰁹󰁥󰁮 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁨, 󰁨󰁥󰁡󰁤 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁒󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 C󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲, 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁤 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁥 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁒󰁥󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁮󰁤 D󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁯󰁰󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁏󰁲󰁧󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 (D󰁒D󰁏).
󰁐󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰀲 󰁯󰁦 󰀱󰀳󰁈󰁯󰁷 󰁉󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁓󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 󰁔󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁁󰁲󰁥 󰁍󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹 󰁂󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁩󰁡󰁬 󰁼 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁄󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁭󰁡󰁴󰀲󰀱󰀯󰀱󰀲󰀯󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳󰁨󰁴󰁴󰁰󰀺󰀯󰀯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁭󰁡󰁴󰀮󰁣󰁯󰁭󰀯󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳󰀯󰀱󰀲󰀯󰁨󰁯󰁷󰀭󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭󰀭󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣󰀭󰁴󰁩󰁥󰁳󰀭󰁡󰁲󰁥󰀭󰁭󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹󰀭󰁢󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁦󰁩󰀮󰀮󰀮
 
G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁔󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁨 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁴 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁥󰁣󰁨󰁮󰁩󰁣󰁡󰁬 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁩󰁮 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁤󰁵󰁣󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁣󰁲󰁵󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁳. I󰁮 󰁎󰁯󰁶󰁥󰁭󰁢󰁥󰁲 2009, D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 M󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲 G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁐󰁨󰁵󰁮󰁧 󰁑󰁵󰁡󰁮󰁧 󰁔󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁨 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁤 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡.L󰁴. G󰁥󰁮. 󰁐󰁨󰁡󰁭 H󰁯󰁮󰁧 L󰁯󰁩, 󰁖󰁐A D󰁥󰁰󰁵󰁴󰁹 C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁦󰁦, 󰁨󰁯󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁴󰁯 H󰁡󰁮󰁯󰁩 󰁢󰁹 󰁴󰁨󰁥 C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁮 A󰁲󰁭󰁹, G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁖󰁩󰁪󰁡󰁹 K󰁵󰁭󰁡󰁲 󰁓󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁨 󰁩󰁮 J󰁵󰁬󰁹 2010. G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁓󰁩󰁮󰁧󰁨󲀙󰁳 󰁡󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁡 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁩󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁣󰁡󰁬 󰁬󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁵󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧, 󰁨󰁵󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥, 󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁥, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁦 󰁥󰁸󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁳 󰁩󰁮 󰁕󰁮󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁤 󰁎󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁰󰁥󰁡󰁣󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁥󰁰󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳.D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 M󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲 A. K. A󰁮󰁴󰁨󰁯󰁮󰁹 󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁮󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 H󰁡󰁮󰁯󰁩 󰁩󰁮 󰁏󰁣󰁴󰁯󰁢󰁥󰁲 2010 󰁴󰁯 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁮󰁡󰁵󰁧󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁭󰁥󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 A󰁓EA󰁎 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 M󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁳󲀙 M󰁥󰁥󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁐󰁬󰁵󰁳. D󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁨󰁥 󰁥󰁬󰁤 󰁢󰁩󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁔󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁨. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁭󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁳 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁤 󰁯󰁮 󰁦󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁥󰁸󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁥 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁳, 󰁪󰁯󰁩󰁮󰁴 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁪󰁵󰁮󰁧󰁬󰁥 󰁡󰁲󰁦󰁡󰁲󰁥, 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁡󰁩󰁲 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁭󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁳󰁥󰁡󰁲󰁣󰁨 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁥. I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁡󰁧󰁲󰁥󰁥󰁤 󰁯 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁣󰁥󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁕󰁎 󰁰󰁥󰁡󰁣󰁥󰁫󰁥󰁥󰁰󰁩󰁮󰁧, 󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁢󰁬󰁩󰁳󰁨 󰁡 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁥󰁩󰁧󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁵󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰁣󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁥󰁸󰁣󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁧󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡󰁩󰁲 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁣󰁥󰁳. 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁯󰁦󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁶󰁩󰁤󰁥 󰁦󰁡󰁣󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁲󰁥󰁰󰁡󰁩󰁲, 󰁭󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁦󰁵󰁥󰁬 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰󰁳.I󰁮 J󰁵󰁬󰁹 2011, 󰁖󰁩󰁣󰁥 A󰁤󰁭󰁩󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁎󰁧󰁵󰁹󰁥󰁮 󰁖󰁡󰁮 H󰁩󰁥󰁮, C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁎󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁦󰁦, 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁡 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁴󰁯 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁴󰁯 󰁳󰁯󰁬󰁩󰁣󰁩󰁴 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁩󰁮 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁵󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁏󰁦󰁦󰁳󰁨󰁯󰁲󰁥 󰁐󰁡󰁴󰁲󰁯󰁬 󰁖󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁬󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 F󰁡󰁳󰁴 A󰁴󰁴󰁡󰁣󰁫 C󰁲󰁡󰁦󰁴. H󰁩󰁥󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁣󰁥󰁩󰁶󰁥󰁤 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁷󰁯󰁵󰁬󰁤 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁵󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁯󰁮󰁮󰁥󰁬 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁨󰁥󰁬󰁰 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁭󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁡󰁩󰁮 󰁒󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁩󰁰󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴.I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁮 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁓󰁥󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁓󰁨󰁡󰁳󰁨󰁩 K󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁓󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁡 󰁡󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁮󰁤󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁡󰁮󰁮󰁵󰁡󰁬 󰁓󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 D󰁩󰁡󰁬󰁯󰁧󰁵󰁥 󰁮 H󰁡󰁮󰁯󰁩 󰁩󰁮 󰁓󰁥󰁰󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁢󰁥󰁲 2011. 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁷󰁯 󰁳󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁳 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁥󰁤 󰁭󰁥󰁡󰁳󰁵󰁲󰁥󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁢󰁯󰁯󰁳󰁴 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁥󰁴󰁷󰁥󰁥󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁳, 󰁡󰁩󰁲 󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁣󰁥󰁳, 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁡󰁮󰁴󰁲󰁹 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁵󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁩󰁥󰁳. 󰁓󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁡 󰁯󰁦󰁦󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁯 󰁲󰁯󰁶󰁩󰁤󰁥 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁦󰁡󰁣󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁩󰁮 󰁣󰁡󰁰󰁡󰁣󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁢󰁵󰁩󰁬󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧. 󰁭󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁨 󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁲, 󰁐󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁔󰁲󰁵󰁯󰁮󰁧 󰁔󰁡󰁮 󰁓󰁡󰁮󰁧 󰁭󰁡󰁤󰁥 󰁡 󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁥 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴 󰁴󰁯 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁴󰁯 󰁭󰁥󰁥󰁴 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁨󰁩󰁳 󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴. 󰁐󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁓󰁡󰁮󰁧 󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁭󰁥󰁴 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁓󰁥󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁓󰁨󰁡󰁳󰁨󰁩 K󰁡󰁮󰁴 󰁓󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁭󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 M󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁴󰁥 󰁦󰁯󰁲 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁐󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁡󰁭 󰁒󰁡󰁪󰁵. 󰁓󰁡󰁮󰁧 󰁲󰁥󰁱󰁵󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁤 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥 󰁩󰁮 󰁦󰁯󰁵󰁲 󰁡󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁳: 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁯󰁦 󰁳󰁵󰁢󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁳, 󰁰󰁩󰁬󰁯󰁴 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁯 󰁦󰁬󰁹 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁓󰁵󰀭30, 󰁯󰁤󰁥󰁲󰁮󰁩󰁺󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁎󰁨󰁡 󰁔󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁧 󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴, 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁮󰁳󰁦󰁥󰁲 󰁯󰁦 󰁭󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁵󰁭󰀭󰁳󰁩󰁺󰁥󰁤 󰁮󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 󰁷󰁡󰁲󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰󰁳. 󰁓󰁡󰁮󰁧 󰁡󰁬󰁳󰁯 󰁡󰁳󰁫󰁥󰁤 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁴󰁯 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁩󰁤󰁥󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁶󰁩󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 B󰁲󰁡󰁨󰁭󰁯󰁳 󰁣󰁲󰁵󰁩󰁳󰁥 󰁭󰁩󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁬󰁥󰁳. I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁯󰁦󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁩󰁡󰁬󰁳 󰁲󰁥󰁡󰁦󰁦󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁥󰁤 󰁴󰁨󰁡󰁴 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁷󰁯󰁵󰁬󰁤 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁴󰁩󰁮󰁵󰁥 󰁴󰁯 󰁡󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁳󰁴 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁩󰁮 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁮󰁧, 󰁵󰁭󰁡󰁮 󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁯󰁵󰁲󰁣󰁥 󰁤󰁥󰁶󰁥󰁬󰁯󰁰󰁭󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁩󰁮󰁦󰁯󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁳󰁨󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁮󰁧.D󰁥󰁰󰁵󰁴󰁹 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 M󰁩󰁮󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁡󰁮󰁤 C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁦󰁦, L󰁴. G󰁥󰁮. D󰁯 B󰁡 󰁔󰁹 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁥󰁤 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁩󰁮 󰁓󰁥󰁰󰁴󰁥󰁭󰁢󰁥󰁲 2013. H󰁥 󰁨󰁥󰁬󰁤 󰁤󰁩󰁳󰁣󰁵󰁳󰁳󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁯󰁮 󰁦󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁲󰁥 󰁥󰁮󰁨󰁡󰁮󰁣󰁥󰁤 󰁭󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁣󰁯󰁯󰁰󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁴󰁨󰁥 D󰁥󰁦󰁥󰁮󰁳󰁥 󰁓󰁥󰁣󰁲󰁥󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁡󰁮󰁤 C󰁨󰁡󰁩󰁲󰁭󰁡󰁮 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 C󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦󰁳 󰁯󰁦 󰁓󰁴󰁡󰁦󰁦 C󰁯󰁭󰁭󰁩󰁴󰁴󰁥󰁥 󰁷󰁨󰁯 󰁩󰁳 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁲󰁥󰁮󰁴󰁬󰁹 󰁣󰁨󰁩󰁥󰁦 󰁯󰁦 󰁴󰁨󰁥 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁮 A󰁩󰁲 F󰁯󰁲󰁣󰁥. G󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁲󰁡󰁬 󰁔󰁹 󰁰󰁡󰁩󰁤 󰁶󰁩󰁳󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁴󰁯 󰁨󰁥 E󰁡󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁮 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁗󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁮 󰁎󰁡󰁶󰁡󰁬 C󰁯󰁭󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁤.I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁨󰁡󰁶󰁥 󰁣󰁯󰁮󰁶󰁥󰁲󰁧󰁥󰁮󰁴 󰁳󰁥󰁣󰁵󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁹 󰁩󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁴󰁳, 󰁩󰁮󰁣󰁬󰁵󰁤󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁭󰁡󰁸󰁩󰁭󰁩󰁺󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲 󰁯󰁯󰁭 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁭󰁡󰁮󰁥󰁵󰁶󰁥󰁲 󰁩󰁮 󰁤󰁥󰁡󰁬󰁩󰁮󰁧 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 C󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁡 󰁡󰁮󰁤 󰁯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁲 󰁭󰁡󰁪󰁯󰁲 󰁰󰁯󰁷󰁥󰁲󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁩󰁲 󰁥󰁳󰁰󰁥󰁣󰁴󰁩󰁶󰁥 󰁲󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳. I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󲀙󰁳 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁰󰁲󰁯󰁶󰁩󰁤󰁥 󰁡 󰁢󰁡󰁳󰁩󰁳 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁡 󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁧󰁥󰁲 I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰁮 󰁯󰁬󰁥 󰁩󰁮 E󰁡󰁳󰁴 A󰁳󰁩󰁡, 󰁰󰁡󰁲󰁴󰁩󰁣󰁵󰁬󰁡󰁲󰁬󰁹 󰁩󰁮 󰁴󰁨󰁥 󰁭󰁡󰁲󰁩󰁴󰁩󰁭󰁥 󰁤󰁯󰁭󰁡󰁩󰁮. F󰁯󰁲 󰁥󰁸󰁡󰁭󰁰󰁬󰁥, I󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡 󰁵󰁳󰁥󰁳 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁩󰁬󰁩󰁴󰁡󰁲󰁹 󰁲󰁥󰁬󰁡󰁴󰁩󰁯󰁮󰁳󰁨󰁩󰁰 󰁷󰁩󰁴󰁨 󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁴󰁯 󰁡󰁰󰁰󰁬󰁹 󰁣󰁯󰁵󰁮󰁴󰁥󰁲 󰁰󰁲󰁥󰁳󰁳󰁵󰁲󰁥 󰁯󰁮 C󰁨󰁩󰁮󰁡 󰁦󰁯󰁲 󰁩󰁴󰁳 󰁳󰁵󰁰󰁰󰁯󰁲󰁴 󰁯󰁲 󰁐󰁡󰁫󰁩󰁳󰁴󰁡󰁮.
󰁐󰁡󰁧󰁥 󰀳 󰁯󰁦 󰀱󰀳󰁈󰁯󰁷 󰁉󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁖󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭 󰁓󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣 󰁔󰁩󰁥󰁳 󰁁󰁲󰁥 󰁍󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹 󰁂󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁦󰁩󰁣󰁩󰁡󰁬 󰁼 󰁔󰁨󰁥 󰁄󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁭󰁡󰁴󰀲󰀱󰀯󰀱󰀲󰀯󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳󰁨󰁴󰁴󰁰󰀺󰀯󰀯󰁴󰁨󰁥󰁤󰁩󰁰󰁬󰁯󰁭󰁡󰁴󰀮󰁣󰁯󰁭󰀯󰀲󰀰󰀱󰀳󰀯󰀱󰀲󰀯󰁨󰁯󰁷󰀭󰁩󰁮󰁤󰁩󰁡󰀭󰁶󰁩󰁥󰁴󰁮󰁡󰁭󰀭󰁳󰁴󰁲󰁡󰁴󰁥󰁧󰁩󰁣󰀭󰁴󰁩󰁥󰁳󰀭󰁡󰁲󰁥󰀭󰁭󰁵󰁴󰁵󰁡󰁬󰁬󰁹󰀭󰁢󰁥󰁮󰁥󰁦󰁩󰀮󰀮󰀮

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