Pharaoh (Firaun) and his followers were caught in the afflictions sent down by Allah at the time of Prophet Musa.
Allah calls those afflictions as \u2018clear signs\u2019. Allah tested them with droughts, diminution of fruits, widespread death,
locusts, lice, frog and blood.
Ancient Egyptian literature is characterized by a wide diversity of types and subject matter. It dates from the Old
Kingdom (about 2575-2134B C) into the Greco-Roman period (after 332B C), and the works employ such literary
devices as simile, metaphor, alliteration, and punning. The individual authors of several compositions dating from
the Old Kingdom and the Middle Kingdom (2040-1640B C) were revered in later periods. They came from the
educated class of priests and upper-level government officials, and their audience was largely educated people like
This Islamic account of this period of this human history has been confirmed by the discovery in Egypt, in the early
19th century, of the Ipuwer papyruses dating back to the Middle Kingdom. After the discovery of this papyrus, it was
sent to the Leiden Dutch Museum in 1909 and translated by A. H. Gardiner, a prominent scholar of ancient Egypt
(See ALLAH\u2019S MIRACLES IN THE QURAN BY HARUN YAHYA PG 288). In the papyrus were described such disasters in Egypt as
famine, drought and the fleeing of the slaves from Egypt. Moreover, it appears that the writer of the papyrus, one
Ipuwer, had actually witnessed these events. This is how the Ipuwer papyrus refers to these catastrophes described
in the Qur'an:
Plague is throughout the land. Blood is everywhere.(ADMONITIONS OF IPUWER 2:5- 6)
The river is blood.( ADMONITIONS OF IPUWER 2:10)
Forsooth, that has perished which yesterday was seen. The land is left over to its weariness like the cutting of flax.
fish.( ADMONITIONS OF IPUWER 10:3-6)
Forsooth, grain has perished on every side.( ADMONITIONS OF IPUWER 6:3)
Men shrink from tasting-human beings, and thirst after water.( ADMONITIONS OF IPUWER 2:10)
That is our water! That is our happiness! What shall we do in respect thereof? All is ruin! (ADMONITIONS OF IPUWER
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