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Table of Tenses

Table of Tenses

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TABLE OF TENSES
TenseTypeOf SentenceSentenceStructureExamples Uses Examples
SimplePresent(+) veStatement(-) veStatementYes/NoQuestion‘Wh’QuestionSub + V1 + ….Sub + does/do +not + V1+ ….Does/Do + Sub+ V1 +….‘Wh’ word +does/do + Sub +V1 + ….1)He speaks.2)She speaks.3)I speak.4)You speak.5)We speak.6)They speak.1)He does not speak.2)She doesn’t speak.3)I dont speak.4)You don’t speak.5)We don’t speak.6)They don’t speak.1)Does he speak?2)Does she speak?3)Do you speak?4)Do they speak?1)What does he speak?2)How does she speak?3)When do you speak?4)Why do they speak?To speak about
Daily/Regular Actions
Frequent Actions, Habits
Universal/General Truths
Customs/Traditions
Scheduled ActivitiesSIGNAL WORDSAlways, every day, every month,every week, daily, never, normally,often, seldom, generally,sometimes, usually, frequently,occasionally, rarely, once a week,twice a month, once in two days,etc.
1)
She teaches Mathematics.
2)
I drink milk daily.
3)
The sun rises in the east.
4)
They speak English fluently.
5)
People celebrate Diwali grandly.
6)
He visits his parents once a month.
7)
They often meet at the café.
8)
I usually take rotis at night.
9)
Our boss rarely smiles.
10)
Barking dogs seldom bite.
11)
He never tells the truth.
12)
The football match starts at 10 am tomorrow.
13)
Ramesh doesn’t smoke.
14)
These children don’t go to school.
15)
Does she sing well?
16)
Do you like old movies?
17)
What does he want?
18)
Why do you waste your time?
19)
How much does this cost?
20)
Who sends you money? PresentContinuous(+) veStatement(-) veStatementYes/NoQuestion‘Wh’QuestionSub + is/am/are+ Ving + ….Sub + is/am/are+ not + Ving +….Is/Are + Sub +Ving + …?‘Wh’ word +is/are + Sub +Ving + …?1)He is speaking.2)She is speaking.3)I am speaking.4)You are speaking.5)We are speaking.6)They are speaking.1)He is not speaking.2)She is not speaking.3)I am not speaking.4)You are not speaking.5)We are not speaking.6)They are not speaking.1)Is he speaking?2)Is she speaking?3)Are you speaking?4)Are they speaking?1)What is he speaking?2)Where is she speaking?3)When are youspeaking?4)How are theyspeaking?
To speak about actions going onnow.
To speak about temporaryactions going on these days.
To speak about pre-plannedfuture actions.SIGNAL WORDSAt the moment, just now, Listen!,Look!, now, right now, these days,nowadays, etc.VERBS NOT USED IN THECONTINUOUS TENSEAgree, believe, doubt, forget,know, mean, recognize, recollect,remember, suppose, think,understand, want, wish, desire,need, see, smell, hear, taste, notice,like, dislike, love, hate, prefer,feel, forgive, appear, seem,deserve, depend, possess, contain, belong to, consist of, own, have
1)
He is speaking at the conference now.
2)
Radha is cooking in the kitchen.
3)
Promod is always complaining about pettythings.
4)
Don’t disturb me. I am studying now.
5)
Listen! Someone is climbing up the stairs.
6)
Look! All are beating up the small boy.
7)
We are planning to go abroad.
8)
They are visiting holy places.
9)
I’m learning English these days.
10)
 Nowadays, people are opting for overseas jobs.
11)
They are holding an exhibition here nextweek.
12)
He is not paying attention to the lecture.
13)
I am not working there now.
14)
She is not doing anything right now.
15)
They are not willing to come here.
5
 
TenseTypeOf SentenceSentenceStructureExamples Uses Examples
(=own), etc.The above verbs are usually usedin the Simple or Perfect tenses.
16)
Is Suresh writing the exam?
17)
Are you going there now?
18)
What is the boy doing in the room?
19)
Where are you working?
20)
How far are they going?
21)
When are you meeting her?
22)
Why is the girl crying?
23)
Who is seeing you this evening?
24)
What is happening there?PresentPerfect(+) veStatement(-) veStatementYes/NoQuestion‘Wh’QuestionSub + has/have+ V3 + …..Sub + has/have+ not + V3 + ….Has/Have + Sub+ V3 + …?‘Wh’ word +has/have + Sub+ V3 + …..
 
1)He has spoken.2)She has spoken.3)I have spoken.4)You have spoken.5)We have spoken.6)They have spoken.1)He has not spoken.2)She hasn’t spoken.3)I have not spoken.4)You haven’t spoken.5)We haven’t spoken.6)They haven’t spoken.1)Has he spoken?2)Has she spoken?3)Have you spoken?4)Have they spoken?1)What has he spoken?2)How has she spoken?3)Why have you spoken?4)Where have theyspoken? 
To speak about actionscompleted in the immediate past.
To speak about actions thatcompleted in the past but have aconnection with the present.
To speak about actions thosehave not happened till now (inthe negative).SIGNAL WORDSAlready, ever, just, never, not yet,so far, till now, up to now, etc. NOTE: When the time of a pastaction is mentioned, use theSimple Past Tense and not thePresent Perfect Tense.
I have completed my degree in2006.
I completed my degree in 2006.
1)
I have just spoken to your father about it.
2)
He has just gone out.
3)
The members have just concluded their meeting.
4)
These students have already written the test.
5)
Don’t pay him money. I have already paidhim.
6)
I am happy now because I have won the case.
7)
He has not yet finished his work for the day.
8)
I haven’t met him till now.
9)
They haven’t informed us so far. So, we areworried.
10)
We have never been to the US.
11)
Have you finished lunch?
12)
Has Anand invited you to the party?
13)
Has he come?
14)
Have you ever been to Delhi?
15)
What have you done with this? It is notworking.
16)
Why have you come late?
17)
Where have you been till now? I was waitingfor you.
18)
Who has told you this?
19)
How has your friend written his exam?PresentPerfectContinuous(+) veStatement(-) veStatementSub + has/have+ been + Ving +……Sub + has/have+ not + been +Ving + ……1)He has been speaking.2)She has been speaking.3)I have been speaking.4)You have beenspeaking.5)We have beenspeaking.6)They have beenspeaking.1)He has not beenspeaking.2)She hasn’t beenspeaking.3)I have not beenspeaking.4)You haven’t beenspeaking.5)We haven’t beenspeaking.
For an action that started in thePast, continued over a period of time into the Present and is stillgoing on.
If such an action as stated abovehas been completed in thePresent and does not continue atthe time of speaking, we usuallyuse the Present Perfect Tense.SIGNAL WORDSall day, for 6 years, since 2003,how long?, the whole week 
1)
Vikram has been speaking for an hour.
2)
She has been working in the garden sincemorning.
3)
I have been trying to contact my friend for two weeks.
4)
We have been designing the programme thewhole week.
5)
Our neighbours have been living here since1996.
6)
They have been calling us all day.
7)
We have been learning English for a month.
8)
They have not been answering our calls for two days.
9)
I haven’t been doing anything since morning.
10)
Madhavi has not been attending classes
6
 
TenseTypeOf SentenceSentenceStructureExamples Uses Examples
Yes/NoQuestion‘Wh’QuestionHas/Have + Sub+ been +Ving +…..‘Wh’ word +has/have + Sub+ been + Ving +…..
6)
They haven’t beenspeaking.
1)
Has he beenspeaking?
2)
Has she beenspeaking?
3)
Have you beenspeaking?
4)
Have they beenspeaking?1)What has he beenspeaking?2)How has she beenspeaking?3)How long have you been speaking?4)Since when have they been speaking?regularly.
11)
Have you been using these medicines for long?
12)
Has your brother been coming home late?
13)
Has the boss been looking for me?
14)
What have you been doing since morning?
15)
How long have they been living here?
16)
Since when has Sudha been working in thisoffice?
17)
How have you been handling this problem?
18)
How long has he been waiting for her?
19)
Why have you been shouting?
20)
Where have they been learning animation?
21)
Who has been troubling her?
22)
What has been happening here?Simple Past (+) veStatement(-) veStatementYes/NoQuestion‘Wh’QuestionSub + V2 + ….Sub + did +not + V1+ ….Did + Sub + V1+….‘Wh’ word + did+ Sub + V1 +….1)He spoke.2)She spoke.3)I spoke.4)You spoke.5)We spoke.6)They spoke.
1)
He did not speak.
2)
She didn’t speak.
3)
I didn’t speak.
4)
You didn’t speak.
5)
We didn’t speak.
6)
They didn’t speak.
1)
Did he speak?
2)
Did she speak?
3)
Did you speak?
4)
Did they speak?
1)
What did he speak?
2)
How did she speak?
3)
When did you speak?
4)
Why did they speak?
For an action that happened at a point of time in the Past.
For a past habit.
For daily/regular actions in the past.
NOTE
: If such a past habit or daily/regular action continues even in the present, use the Simple PresentTense and not the Simple PastTense.
NOTE:
Usually, when we talk about past habits or daily/regular actions in the past, we use
Used to + V1
instead of Simple Past Tense(V2).
I used to visit my uncle dailylast year.
He used to smoke a lot.SIGNAL WORDSyesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990,the other day, last Friday, etc.1)She spoke the truth.2)I met my cousin yesterday.3)They went out two minutes ago.4)We saw him at the theatre the other day.5)Meena did not meeet her parents last Friay.6)These boys didn’t write the exam.7)They didn’t answer because they didn’t knowthe answer.8)Did you ask him for money?9)Did the students protest against the collegeauthorities?10)Did Kamala invite you yesterday?11)Why did you fight with your brother?12)Where did the children go?13)How did they perform at the competition?14)What did you do last week?15)When did she complete her degree?16)Who told you the truth?17)Who organized this function?18)What happened at the college yesterday.PastContinuous(+) veStatement(-) veStatementSub + was/were+ Ving + ….Sub + was/were+ not + Ving +….
1)
He was speaking.
2)
She was speaking.
3)
I was speaking.
4)
You were speaking.
5)
We were speaking.
6)
They were speaking.
1)
He was not speaking.
2)
She was not speaking.
3)
I wasn’t speaking.
To speak about an action goingon at a point of time in the Past.
For an action going on whenanother action happened in thePast. (In such cases, we use thePast Continuous Tense for theaction going on and the SimplePast Tense for the other action)
I was writing the test when theinspectors came in.
When two actions were going onsimultaneously at a point of timein the past, we use the PastContinuous Tense for both theactions and combine them using1)We were listening to the radio all eveningyesterday.2)The light went out while I was reading.3)When I saw him he was playing with somekids.4)I was thinking about it when he called me.5)Please don’t take it seriously. I was justkidding.6)The children were shouting when the teacher entered the class.7)She was watching TV at 5 o’ clock lastevening.8)They were insulting him while he wasserving them.9)I was not doing anything when he came to
7

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