TABLE OF TENSES
TenseTypeOf SentenceSentenceStructureExamples Uses Examples
SimplePresent(+) veStatement(-) veStatementYes/NoQuestion‘Wh’QuestionSub + V1 + ….Sub + does/do +not + V1+ ….Does/Do + Sub+ V1 +….‘Wh’ word +does/do + Sub +V1 + ….1)He speaks.2)She speaks.3)I speak.4)You speak.5)We speak.6)They speak.1)He does not speak.2)She doesn’t speak.3)I don’t speak.4)You don’t speak.5)We don’t speak.6)They don’t speak.1)Does he speak?2)Does she speak?3)Do you speak?4)Do they speak?1)What does he speak?2)How does she speak?3)When do you speak?4)Why do they speak?To speak about
Frequent Actions, Habits
Scheduled ActivitiesSIGNAL WORDSAlways, every day, every month,every week, daily, never, normally,often, seldom, generally,sometimes, usually, frequently,occasionally, rarely, once a week,twice a month, once in two days,etc.
She teaches Mathematics.
I drink milk daily.
The sun rises in the east.
They speak English fluently.
People celebrate Diwali grandly.
He visits his parents once a month.
They often meet at the café.
I usually take rotis at night.
Our boss rarely smiles.
Barking dogs seldom bite.
He never tells the truth.
The football match starts at 10 am tomorrow.
Ramesh doesn’t smoke.
These children don’t go to school.
Does she sing well?
Do you like old movies?
What does he want?
Why do you waste your time?
How much does this cost?
Who sends you money? PresentContinuous(+) veStatement(-) veStatementYes/NoQuestion‘Wh’QuestionSub + is/am/are+ Ving + ….Sub + is/am/are+ not + Ving +….Is/Are + Sub +Ving + …?‘Wh’ word +is/are + Sub +Ving + …?1)He is speaking.2)She is speaking.3)I am speaking.4)You are speaking.5)We are speaking.6)They are speaking.1)He is not speaking.2)She is not speaking.3)I am not speaking.4)You are not speaking.5)We are not speaking.6)They are not speaking.1)Is he speaking?2)Is she speaking?3)Are you speaking?4)Are they speaking?1)What is he speaking?2)Where is she speaking?3)When are youspeaking?4)How are theyspeaking?
To speak about actions going onnow.
To speak about temporaryactions going on these days.
To speak about pre-plannedfuture actions.SIGNAL WORDSAt the moment, just now, Listen!,Look!, now, right now, these days,nowadays, etc.VERBS NOT USED IN THECONTINUOUS TENSEAgree, believe, doubt, forget,know, mean, recognize, recollect,remember, suppose, think,understand, want, wish, desire,need, see, smell, hear, taste, notice,like, dislike, love, hate, prefer,feel, forgive, appear, seem,deserve, depend, possess, contain, belong to, consist of, own, have
He is speaking at the conference now.
Radha is cooking in the kitchen.
Promod is always complaining about pettythings.
Don’t disturb me. I am studying now.
Listen! Someone is climbing up the stairs.
Look! All are beating up the small boy.
We are planning to go abroad.
They are visiting holy places.
I’m learning English these days.
Nowadays, people are opting for overseas jobs.
They are holding an exhibition here nextweek.
He is not paying attention to the lecture.
I am not working there now.
She is not doing anything right now.
They are not willing to come here.