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Ecuaciones de Estado Cúbicas

Ecuaciones de Estado Cúbicas

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Published by Fisicoquimica ULS

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Published by: Fisicoquimica ULS on Sep 01, 2009
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08/07/2013

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Ecuaciones de Estado Cúbicas1. Ecuación de Van der Waals (1873)
 
 
( )
nRT nban p
=      +
22
 
cc
 p Ra
22
6427
=
 
cc
 p RT b
81
=
Despejando p y incluyendo el volumen molar:
n
=
~
se obtiene
( )
22
annbnRT  p
=
2. Ecuación de Redlich-Kwong (1949)
 
 
( )
5.0
)~(~~
b ab RT  p
+=
 
cc
 p Ra
5.22
427480.0
=
 
cc
 p RT b
086640.0
=
3. Ecuación de Soave-Redlich-Kwong (1972)
 
 
( )
)~(~)(~
bab RT  p
+=
 
 
cc
 p Ra
2
427480.0)(
α 
=
 
cc
 p RT b
086640.0
=
 
(
2
11
m
+=
α 
2
176.0574,1480.0
ω ω 
+=
m
4. Ecuación de Peng-Robinson (1976)
 
 
( )
)~()~(~)(~
bbb ab RT  p
++=
 
 
cc
 p Ra
22
45724.0)(
α 
=
 
cc
 p RT b
07780.0
=
 
(
2
11
m
+=
α 
2
26992.05722,137464.0
ω ω 
+=
m
4. Ecuación de Patel-Teja (1982)
 
 
( )
)~()~(~)(~
bcb ab RT  p
++=
 
 
α 
cca
 p Ra
22
)(
=
 
ccb
 p RT b
=
 
ccc
 p RT c
=
 
(
2
11
 F 
+=
α 
2
265937.030982,1452413.0
ω ω 
+=
 F 
Ω
 b
es la menor raíz positiva de la siguiente ecuación cúbicaξc y Valores de F para algunas sustancias

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