- Microwaves are absorbed by food and pass through materials likeglass, china, wood, paper and plastic, but they reflect on metal.
Types of ovens
There are two types of microwave ovens,1) Simple microwave oven2) Microwave and convection oven.The microwave oven cooks food as well as re-heats it. The convection systemheats, browns and dries the surface of the food for crisping. This type of combination cooking is best for tandoori dishes and the convection system aloneis best suited for cakes and other pastry - based appetisers that need a flakycrust. But for microwave/ convection combination cooking, the cookware shouldbe both heatproof and micro safe. For convection cooking, the cookware needsonly to be heatproof.
TIPS ON USING A MICROWAVE OVENPosition of food
Food must be placed off-center as the microwave energy disperses more to thecorners and sidewalls. Items like idlis should be arranged in a circle with spaceamong them. Chops should be arranged with the thinner areas pointing to themiddle of the utensils.
Ovenware treated for high- intensity heat such as bowls, cake dishes and alsobags, film, paper towels, practically any material can be used except metal. Butmetal can be used for the convection mode. Metallic dishes should not be alsoused in the combination mode. Pottery and plastic ware declared microwave-safecould be used in the common microwave oven.Ceramic wares can also be used but make sure that they don't have any metallicrim as they may cause arcing. Food items containing high proportion of fat andsugar should not be used in glass utensils, otherwise they can be usedcommonly.Melmoware and melamine wares are to be avoided; paper towels, greaseproof paper and cardboard can also be used provided they don't have any staple pinsin them. Wood items can be used in the micro-oven but not for a long time.