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Tools for Planning

Tools for Planning

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Tools for planning your natural sciences curriculum
Tools for planning your natural sciences curriculum

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Published by: Primary Science Programme on Sep 02, 2009
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Western Cape Primary Science Programme (PSP)
Tools
 for planning your 
Natural Sciences Curriculum
We welcome the wide use of these materials.Please acknowledge Western Cape Primary Science Programme © PSP (2007)
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Tools for Planning yourNatural Sciences Curriculum
RATIONALE
These materials were written to support teachers with planning and assessment of theNatural Sciences curriculum. The booklet offers examples of frameworks, tools andformats to facilitate the planning and assessment process. These can be adapted for theother Learning Areas and different school contexts. This planning and assessmentprocess works within the requirements of the National Curriculum Statement (NCS).This booklet provides information for the Intermediate Phase. But the information canbe adapted for use in the Foundation Phase and the Senior Phase as well.We have provided examples of Learning Programmes (phase plans), Work Schedules(grade plans) and Lesson plans as well as assessment on the Natural Sciences strandPlanet Earth and Beyond. These are included as Section 7.This booklet, together with a DVD on ‘How to plan your Natural Sciences Curriculum...’was developed as a joint venture between the Western Cape Primary Science Programme(PSP), the Western Cape Education Department (WCED) and Chevron.
CONTACT DETAILS
Western Cape Primary Science Programme(PSP)Edith StephensWetland ParkLansdowne Road, Philippi, 7785P.O. Box 24158, Lansdowne 7779 South AfricaTel: 021 691 9039 Fax: 021 691 6350E-mail: info@psp.org.za Website: www.psp.org.za
 
SECTION 1:The Natural Sciences Learning Outcomes and Assessment Standards . . . . .2
Planning – the Big Picture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
The Natural Sciences Learning Outcomes and Assessment Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6Information about Investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12Information about the Process Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14
SECTION 2:
The Core Knowledge and Concepts of the Natural Sciences . . . . . . . . . .16
The four strands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17Life and Living . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18Energy and Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26Planet Earth and Beyond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32Matter and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
SECTION 3:
Developing Learning Programmes and Work Schedules(phase and grade plans) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
Information about the Learning Programme (phase plan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47Example format for a Learning Programme for one term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .48Information about the Work Schedule (grade plan) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50Example format for a Work Schedule for one term . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
SECTION 4:
Developing Lesson Plans, Assessment Tasksand Assessment Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
Example formatsLesson Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54Assessment Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57Assessment Tool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
SECTION 5:
Resources for developing lessons, assessment tasks and criteria . . . . . .60
Learning experiences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61Adevelopmental assessment process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63Multiple Intelligences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64The big 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65Assessment Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .66Developing criteria for Assessment Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .68Forms of assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .77Alanguage-rich classroom and strategies for developing language in the science classroom . . . . . . . . . . . .78
SECTION 6:
Recording and reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Example formatsClass recording sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84Report card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .86
SECTION 7:
Example Learning Programme (grades 4 –7)for one term on focus strand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
Life and Living . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .91Energy and Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94Planet Earth and Beyond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97Matter and Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100Example Work Schedule for grade 5 on focus strand Planet Earth and Beyond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104Example Lesson Plans,Assessment Tasks and criteria for focus strand Planet Earth and BeyondGrade 4 lesson and support material on “Star patterns and cultural traditions” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106Grade 5 lesson and support material on “What will the weather be like for the next week?” . . . . . . . . . . . .116Grade 6 lesson and support material on “Rocks and land forms” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .126
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