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Electricity-Carol Levine-By Mallek AbdeRRAHMANE

Electricity-Carol Levine-By Mallek AbdeRRAHMANE

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Published by zeroscope
Electricity

Mallek AbdeRRAHMANE
Electricity

Mallek AbdeRRAHMANE

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Published by: zeroscope on Sep 02, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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Scott Foresman Science 5.15
GenreComprehension SkillText FeaturesScience Content
NonctionCause and EffectLabels• Captions• Diagrams• GlossaryElectricity
ISBN 0-328-13958-0
ì<(sk$m)=bdjfid< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U
 
by Carol Levine
 
Physical Science
 
Photographs:
Every effort has been made to secure permission and provide appropriate credit forphotographic material. The publisher deeply regrets any omission and pledges to correct errors called to itsattention in subsequent editions. Unless otherwise acknowledged, all photographs are the property of Scott Foresman, a division of Pearson Education. Photo locators denoted as follows: Top (T), Center (C), Bottom(B), Left (L), Right (R), Background (Bkgd).Opener: ©Michel Tcherevkoff/Getty Images; Title Page: NASA; 2 ©Clive Streeter/Courtesy of The ScienceOpener: Getty Images; Title Page: ©DK Images; 2 ©Bettmann/Corbis; 4 (TR) Getty Images, (B) ©Stephen J. Krasemann/DRK Photo; 5 (CC) ©DK Images, (BR) ©Richard Hamilton smith/Corbis; 7 ©DK Images;10 ©DK Images; 11 ©DK Images; 12 (TR) Science Museum/©DK Images, (BL) ©Clive Streeter/Courtesyof The Science Museum, London/DK Images; 13 (TL, TR) Science Museum/©DK Images; 15 ©GeorgeHaling/Photo Researchers, Inc.
ISBN: 0-328-13958-0Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Printed in the United States of America. This publication isprotected by Copyright and permission should be obtained from the publisher priorto any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in anyform by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. Forinformation regarding permissions, write to: Permissions Department, Scott Foresman,1900 East Lake Avenue, Glenview, Illinois 60025.3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 V010 13 12 11 10 09 08 07 06 05
 Vocabulary
circuit diagramconductorcurrent electromagnet insulatorresistor volt 
 
Electricity
by Carol Levine
 
2
 What are the effectsof moving charges?
Electric Charges
Most atoms have a neutral charge. They have the samenumber of protons and electrons. Protons have a positivecharge, and electrons have a negative charge. The number of protons usually stays the same. But atoms often gain and loseelectrons. When this happens, the charge is no longer neutral.
3
You can see the results of charges moving. If you ruba balloon on clean, dry hair on a dry day, electronsleave your hair. They go to the balloon. The balloonnow has more electrons than protons, so it has anegative charge. The balloon will stick to your hair because the hair now has a positive charge. Its chargeis positive because it has lost electrons. Oppositecharges attract. If you rub two balloons on your hair and then try to put them together, they will push apart.This happens because the balloons have the samecharge. Like charges repel.The flow of charges from your hair to the balloonis electricity. The electricity that flows through wires iscalled current.
Current
is the flow of electrical chargesthrough a material.
Electrons movearound theprotons andneutrons of anatom’s nucleus.

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