Polymer Concrete and Mortar
Polymer concrete and mortar are binders, compounds, and aggregate mixtures that use epoxy, polyester, vinyl ester or other polymer resin bonds. They cure or set through chemical reactions, thermoset bonds, and multiplecomponent binder systems. Polymer concrete and mortar provides much greater corrosion resistance thanconventional construction materials such as
. Polymer concrete consists of polymer cement mixedwith water, a coarse aggregate such as gravel or crushed stone, and a fine aggregate or sand. Polymer mortar is amixture of a polymer binder or clinker and a fine aggregate. Both polymer concrete and polymer mortar are used to join components and form structures. Products such as grout are used to fill gaps between tiles and bricks. Thin setmaterials such as dry set mortar and dry bond mortar include polymer cement and are used in coating products.There are several chemical systems for polymer concrete and mortar. Acrylic binders provide excellentenvironmental resistance and fast setting times. Epoxy resins or binders exhibit high strength and low shrinkageduring curing. They also provide toughness and resistance to chemical and environmental damage. Furan resins areformed from the polymerization or poly condensation of furfural, furfural alcohol, or other compounds containing afuran ring. They are commonly used in foundry binders, grinding wheels, refractories and other high-temperatureapplications.
or binders are used in place of phenolics or other formaldehyde resins in particle or fiberboard binder applications.
provides excellent flexibility, impact resistance and durability. Other chemical systems for polymer concrete and mortar include silicone, polyester, and vinyl ester.Polymer concrete and mortar varies in terms of basic specifications and mechanical, electrical and thermal properties. Basic specifications include set/cure time, set/cure temperature, density, and shrinkage. Density ismeasured as the mass per unit area. Shrinkage is expressed as a maximum percentage. Mechanical properties for polymer concrete and mortar include compressive strength, bond strength, tensile strength, and modulus of rupture(MOR). Electrical properties include electrical resistivity, dielectric strength and relative permittivity. The dielectricconstant is the relative permittivity of a material compared to a vacuum or free space. Thermal properties for polymer concrete and mortar include service temperature, thermal conductivity, and the coefficient of thermalexpansion (CTE), the amount of linear expansion or shrinkage that occurs in a material with a change intemperature.There are a variety of features and applications for polymer concrete and mortar. Some products are abrasionresistant, castable, chemical resistant, conductive, fiber-reinforced, sprayable, or waterproof. Other products provide protection against wear, corrosion, or electrostatic discharge (ESD). Polymer concrete and mortar is often used inelectrical power, high voltage (HV), construction, and structural applications. Some products are used as fillers andsealants.