David neither loves Joan, nor wants to marry her.33.
Mary was neither happy nor sad.34.
Neither Peter nor his wife wanted the responsibility.F. (i) -
as negative adverbs Nor and neither, followed by subject-operator inversion, can be used without being a correlative pair.They generally presuppose that a previous clause is negative either explicitly, or implicitly.35.
He did not receive any assistance from the authorities, neither did he believe their assurance thataction would soon be taken. (explicit negative in previous clause)36.
Many people are only dimly aware of the ways in which the environment can be protected. Nor have governments made sufficient efforts to educate them. ( implicit negative in previous clause)37.
All the students were obviously very miserable. Nor were the teachers satisfied with theconditions at the school.F. (ii) -
negator not /n't
or the combination
not /n't only
may be correlative with a following
He didn't come to help, but to hinder us. ['but rather']39.
They not only broke into his office and stole his books, but (they) (also) tore up his manuscripts.40.
He came not to help, but to hinder us.41.
Not only did they break into his office and steal his books, but they also tore up his manuscripts.42.
Not Henry, but his wife is the owner.43.
G . Simple Coordination
Simple coordination – is what we have when a single clause or clause constituent is linked to others thatare parallel in meaning, in function, and (generally) in form.This can be seen as an elliptical version of clause coordination, or as a single clause containing a predicatewhich in turn contains two or more predicates.44.
Sam has trimmed the hedge and mowed the lawn. (Simple coordination)45.
Sam has trimmed the hedge and (Sam has)mowed the lawn – Ellipsis46.
Sam has [(trimmed the hedge) and (mowed the lawn)] – single clause with predication containingtwo predicates.
H. Coordination of CLAUSES:
H(i) a. Complete independent clauses may be coordinated:47.
The winter had come at last, and snow lay thick on the ground.H(i) b. Subordinate finite clauses may be coordinated, so long as they belong to the same function class:48.
If you pass the examination and (if) no one else applies, you are bound to get the job.[coordinated adverbial clauses]49.
The Minister believes that the economy is improving and (that unemployment will soon decrease.[coordinated nominal th/it-clauses]50.
I didn't know who she was or what she wanted. [coordinated nominal wh-clauses]51.
Someone who knows the area, but whose home is outside it, is more likely to be a successfulrepresentative. [coordinated relative clauses]H(i) c. Nonfinite clauses of the same type and also verbless clauses may coordinated:52.
I've asked him to come this evening or (to) phone us tomorrow. [coordinated to-infinitive clauses]