1.The denial of the rights of citizenship.
;. The denial thro"gh the oper ation of the colo"r bar of the r ights of ordinary
h"man beings< 5As*ed what their progr amme was they said they wo"ld insist on order being
maintained by their peo ple. They had f ormed a gro"p of s pecial consta bles to
collect stic*s and every weapon which any of the Natives may be possessed of
and f rom ever y platf or m the Natives wo"ld be told that ther e were to be no sho"ts
or threats or anything that wo"ld incite p"blic f eeling. In case of arr est the Natives
wer e told that they m"st s"bmit ="ietly and m"st go to gaol. No pic* eting
had been a"thor ised
and the Natives had simply been invited to sto p wor* <.
5>0e hold? said , belle >that the +ass @aw is nothing more or less than a
system of slaver y.?<
5"estioned as to the e(tent to which they pr opose to car r y the movement the
dep"tation said they sim ply invited all Natives whether wor* ing in stores or in
ho"ses to sto p wor* and invitations wer e also being sent to the Natives wor*ing on
,ore than two h"ndred Africans were bro"ght to co"rt and charged with dist"rbing the peace or inciting the wor*ers to stri*e. Crowds of Africans o"tside the co"rt were attac*ed by mo"nted police in3"ring tho"sands of Africans incl"ding women. ,ary 4enson ="otes a letter to
by 0illaim 8os*en
an eye witness. 5
+olice mo"nted and on foot arr ived to be greeted by hearty cheers from the
Natives then some booing followed by Babsol"te ="ietB. Not a single hostile
move was made by the Natives. 5Then - Bto my astonishmentB said 8os*en Bthe mo"nted police s"ddenly sp"rred their horses and charged on the crowdB. The police "sed their staves
vigoro"sly riding over Natives - who incl"ded women. 0here"pon a civilian began Bslashing with a stic* at every Native he came near and finally str"c* a Native woman a severe blowB. 8os*en remonstrated and demanded the manBs
name b"t was ignored. 8e heard one bystander e(claiming: B0o"ld I had a
Thomas aris and )wendolen ,. Carter
From Protest to Challenge: A Documentary History of African Politics in South Africa 1882-19!
2ol"me I pages 1-1D.
,r. 8os*en a liberal politician had been chairman of a committee formed in 199 of '"ropean sympathisers with the Indian passive resistance led by )andhi.