instance, some #eo#le have
an instinctive itch of irritation
a"ainst the %or! “authorit&.
the& su##ose that authorit& is
a pompous name for mere $ullying
, at the best, the& think that mere bull&in" is an
o authorit&. ;ut bull&in" is
the o##osite o authorit&. B&rann& is
o authorit&. /15J4 No% he ma& hel# us to un!erstan! the relation bet%een “authorit& an! “ri"htCthe latter conce#t bein"Cin m& o%n %or!s no%Cat least “a claim in Kustice i not al%a&s “the actualit& o Kustice in this im#erect %orl! /the %orl! o “stark anarchies an! “ren!in" ne"ations mentione! b& *hesterton above4. *hesterton tries to e:#lain his meanin" urther-'or authorit& means ri"ht$ an! nothin" is authoritative e:ce#t %hat somebo!& has a ri"ht to !o, an! thereore is ri"ht in !oin". );ut %e !o not have a ri"ht to !o %hat is %ron".+ 7t oten ha##ens in this im#erect %orl! that he has
to !o it )
., to “!o the truth or “to !o the "oo!+
and not the po"er
to !o it.
%ut he cannot have a shred of authority if he merely has the po"er to do it and has not the right to do it
. 7 &ou think an& orm o master& unKust, it is
to sa& that &ou !o not like inKustice$ but there is
no need to say
that &ou !o not like authorit&.
For in&ustice! as such! cannot have any authority at all
. /15J4A!!itionall&, as *hestertons belove! rien! H. ;elloc oten em#haticall& sai!- “
Sine Auctoritate, ulla #ita
. /8ithout authorit& there is no lie.4*hesterton no% %ants to make urther !istinctions->oreover,
a man can only have authority $y admitting something $etter than himself
$ an! the bull& !oes not "et his claim rom an&bo!& but himsel. )Nor !oes the essential Anarchist %ho sa&sCas a sort o >ottoCNo authorit& rom above$ no authorit& rom belo%.+ 7t is
a uestion, thereore, o there bein" authorit&, an!
t&rann& %hich is )#utativel&+
'yranny means too little authority
$ or thou"h, o course, an! in!ivi!ual ma& use %ron"l& the #o%er that ma& "o %ith it )the la%ul authorit&+, he is in that )%ron"ul+ act
disloyal to the la" of right
be his o%n authorit&.
'o a$use authority is to attack authority
. )=es, even, it seems, in the case o a o#eF+ A #oliceman is no lon"er a #oliceman %hen he is bribe!
)or covertl&+ to arrest an innocent man$ he is a
. He is
not e#aggerating authority
$ he is )b& his abuses+
reducing it to nothing
. /15J154@F ho% much *hesterton !oes "ive us here to #on!er in our hearts, an! then to act u#on, but onl& ater a better an! more !ierentiate! ormation o our o%n moral consciences, authoritativel& an! 3