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Hunt. Agenda. .the.united.states.government,.Nazi.scientists.and.Project.paperclip,.1945.to.1990.(1990)

Hunt. Agenda. .the.united.states.government,.Nazi.scientists.and.Project.paperclip,.1945.to.1990.(1990)

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Published by erajkhan

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Published by: erajkhan on Sep 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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This book would not exist were it not for the Freedom of Information Act. I am grateful to attorneyElaine English, the Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, attorneys Lee Levine and GregoryBurton from the Washington, D.C., law firm of Ross, Dixon and Masback, and Robert Gellman of Congressman Glen English's Government Information Subcommittee for helping me with FOIArequests.Government agencies' responses to my FOIA requests ranged from helpful to outrightobstructionist. On the helpful side, NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, theFBI, and Army intelligence deserve the highest praise for upholding the spirit of the FOIA. The U.S.Army Intelligence and Security Command at Fort Meade, Maryland, was a major source of information; many INSCOM dossiers are cited in the endnotes. My research was helped immensely in1986 when I won an FOIA appeal in which the Department of Army counsel ruled that I could receiveINSCOM files of living Paperclip scientists because the public's right to know outweighed thescientists' privacy rights under the law. I thank FOIA director Robert J. Walsh, former FOIA directorTom Conley, Marcia Galbreath, and others at INSCOM for working so conscientiously on myrequests through the years.I am especially grateful to the archivists and declassifiers at the National Archives and RecordsService in Washington and the Washington National Records Center in Suitland, Maryland, whohelped me get thousands of Paperclip records declassified under the FOIA. John Taylor, the lateJohn Mendelsohn, Ed Reese, Richard Boylan, George Wagner, William Lewis, Will Mahoney, JoAnn Williamson, Terri Hammett, Harry Rilley, and Sally Marks generously shared their knowledgeand their humor while helping me locate documents to piece together this story.At the other end of the scale lies the U.S. Army Materiel Command. I obtained six thousandEdgewood Arsenal documents in
but it took more than a year, two attorneys, and athreatened lawsuit to get the records. My FOIA request was filed in May
for documents heldin Army custody at the Washington National Records Center. A month later I was told that I couldinspect the records. However, when I arrived at the WNRC, an Army employee showed me formsthat indicated that seven boxes had been checked out to Edgewood's historian and twelve additionalboxes were "missing." Then Army Materiel circled its wagons, denied that the records existed, andlater tried to charge me
in "search fees." The Army counsel's answer to my formal appealof those charges was as outrageous as the fee. "The Army's funds were appropriated for the nationaldefense, not to aid aspiring authors," counsel Thomas F. Kranz replied. The documents were finallyreleased after numerous meetings between attorneys on both sides. I am grateful to attorneys LeeLevine and Gregory Burton for helping me obtain the documents.Other government agencies, archives, and libraries that provided assistance include the U.S.Justice Department's Office of Special Investigations, the Library of Congress, the Harry S. TrumanLibrary, the Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, the Franklin Roosevelt Library, the Hoover Institute atStanford University, the Center for Military History in Washington, D.C., the U.S. Army MilitaryHistory Institute at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, the history offices at Brooks, Maxwell andBolling Air Force bases, the Office of Naval History, the National Institutes of Health, the Inter-American Defense Board, the Department of Commerce, NASA's history office,and the Oregon Historical Society in Portland. Private organizations include the National SecurityArchives, the AntiDefamation League of B'nai B'rith, and the Simon Wiesenthal Center.I am especially appreciative of those who encouraged my research from the beginning: MichaelJennings for providing invaluable assistance with research and interviews; Len Ackland, editor of the
 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists,
for publishing my coverup story in
theInvestigative Reporters and Editors for honoring that story with its prestigious award; Yaffa Eliach
and Brana Gurewitsch from the Center for Holocaust Studies in Brooklyn; Albert Arbor, EddieBecker, Jerry Eisenberg, Benjamin Eisenstadt, Jack Eisner, Shirley Eisner, Samuel Indenbaum,Dennis King, Hanna Klein, Frank Kuznik, John Loftus, Abram Medow, the Memorial Foundationfor Jewish Culture, Dan Moldea, Eli Rosenhaum, Martin Salinger, Julius Schatz, and CherylSpaulding; and Jerry Fitzhenry, my agent Leona Schecter, and my parents, Fred and Winifred Hunt,for their unwavering belief that the American public has a right to know this story.

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