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Contact Lenses

Contact Lenses

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Published by erajkhan

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Published by: erajkhan on Sep 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/01/2010

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Contact lenses werethought of as early as 1508when Leonardo da Vincisketched and describedseveral forms of them.Contact lenses are achanging area of optometrywith new lenses beingconstantly developedRefractive errors arecorrected by contact lenses,which are placed directly onthe cornea
Lidmarginiriscorneaconjunctivasclera
pupil
Normal focus
 
Short sightedness(Myopia)
Distance vision blurry, near usually OK.
Short-sightedfocusShort-sightedcorrection
Long-sightedness(Hyperopia)
Difficulty seeing clearly and comfortablyup close.
Long-sightedfocusLong-sightedcorrection
Astigmatism
Irregular curvature of the eye (shapedmore like a football than a basketball)Light in different planes focuses atdifferent points
AB90180
There are many types of contact lenses
RGP lenses
Soft lenses
Disposable or non-disposable
Coloured or clear
Spherical or toric
Extended wear
Multifocal
RGP lenses (rigid gaspermeable)
Smaller than size of cornea
May be less comfortable than softlenses initially
Very effective in correctingastigmatism
RGP contact lens
 
Soft lenses
Most commonly used (90%)
Made from hydrogel plastic materialcontaining water
Are 1-2mm larger than cornea
Easy to adapt to
Soft contact lensSpherical lenses
Correct short or long-sightedness
Cheapest, mostcomfortable lenses
Easy to get in disposableform
Toric lenses
Correct astigmatism
Lens is specially weighted toconform to irregular cornea
More expensive thanspherical
Also available in disposable
Disposable lenses
Daily, two-weekly ormonthly replacement
Very simple cleaning (if any)
Latest designs and materials
Very popular
Colouredlenses
Handling tint
Useful when inserting or removing
Enhancing tint
Makes light coloured eyes more vivid
Opaque tint
Can change brown eyes to blue

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