l (lthough technicall+ correct, $ &ould not call it :rec+cling; "ineral dust2 dust is being added back to the "ix as baghouse fines in the sa"e 8M( lant. $ &ould not call it rec+cling but just a routine rocess in "ix roduction. @o& that &e do have baghouses in $ndia, &e "ust use these fines. Kes, baghouse fines do stiffen the bitu"en, &hich &e do desire to certain extent.
8o& and in &hat se#uence filler should be added in 8M( during roduction in 8M( lant )eseciall+ in continuous dru" "ix lant* keeing in vie& that :filler is "ainl+ used to increase the viscosit+ of the binder;A
(gain, kee in "+ "ind &e are not al&a+s adding an+ filler unless it is h+drated li"e to resist striing. $n a batch lant, baghouse fines or h+drated li"e are best added to the &eigh hoer and dr+ "ixed &ith all other aggregates before adding the bitu"en. $f the fines are added to the aggregates going u the hot elevator these can for" slugs in 8ot Bin @o. / and their content in the "ix can var+ fro" one batch to another. Do not be concerned, fines are grabbed b+ the bitu"en first before coating the larger aggregate articles. $n a dru" lant, these are added near the inlet of bitu"en so that these are not blo&n back to the baghouse and are caught b+ the bitu"en instead. $ suggest +ou visit a hot "ix lant and see the oerations.4iller has also other i"ortant functions besides increasing the stiffness of the bitu"en as "entioned later.
What is +our oinion about other "aterials to be used as filler like "arble dust, fl+ ash, granulated slag, etcA
Waste "aterials like the ones +ou have "entioned, &hich are hard to disose off should al&a+s be considered. 8o&ever, &e "ust ensure that their use is cost effective and not detri"ental to the hot "ix. $n "+ oinion, "arble dust has a otential for causing striing so an antistriing agent &ill robabl+ have to be used in the hot "ix. o"e research is alread+ under &a+ in $ndia to deter"ine the suitabilit+ of the "arble dust as filler. o"e states in the - do not er"it the use of fl+ ash because its articles are generall+ rounded and, therefore, increase the rutting otential of the ashalt "ix &hen used on heav+<traffic roads. Marble dust or an+ other &aste "aterial should not be used in lieu of baghouse fines because then the disosal of &aste baghouse fines &ill also be roble".
4ro" the @ational Center for (shalt %echnolog+ )@C(%* textbook on :8ot Mix (shalt Materials, Mix Design and Construction; b+ Prof. P.. !andhal and others, it is read that the article siIe of /7 "icron and belo&, filler "aterials are used in increasing the binder viscosit+ and co"e into la+ as fil" around the "ineral aggregates, because the ashalt fil" thickness is generall+ F "icron to 1 "icron. %hen &hat function does /7 "icron to 6 "icron siIed filler "aterial la+ L is it onl+ to fulfill the gradation re#uire"ent of the "ix )belo& sieve siIe 6 "icron*A $f so, then there should be article siIe<&ise sub<diversion in filler "aterial, are ranging /7 "icron to 6 "icron and another belo& /7 "icron.
%here is no such actual thing as F<1 "icron bitu"en fil" thickness around the aggregate articles !andhal and Chakrabort+, /00F3. $t is just a :calculated; average value obtained b+ dividing the volu"e of bitu"en &ith the surface area of the