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Diseases of the Aorta

Diseases of the Aorta

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Published by 3rd yrs

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Published by: 3rd yrs on Sep 04, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/01/2013

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DISEASES OF
DISEASES OF
THE AORTA
THE AORTA
ANATOMY
\u2022Layers
1. Intima \u2013 thin

\u2022Endothelium
\u2022Subendothelial connective tissue
\u2022Internal elastic lamina

2. Tunica media
\u2022Smooth muscle cells
\u2022Extracellular matrix
3. Adventitia (connective tissue)
ANEURYSM
\u2022Any pathologic dilatation of a segment of

blood vessel
\u2022True aneurysms: all layers are involved
\u2022Pseudoaneurysm: intima and media
\u2022Fusiform: entire circumference is involved

(diffuse dilatation)

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Sunita Chourasia added this note
Aortic dissection is caused by a deterioration of the inner lining of the aorta. There are a number of conditions that predispose a person to develop defects of the inner lining, including high blood pressure, Marfan’s Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, connective tissue diseases, and defects of heart development which begin during fetal development. A dissection can also occur accidentally followi
Sunita Chourasia added this note
An ascending aortic aneurysm is an abnormal widening or swelling of the portion of the aorta in the human heart known as the ascending aorta. There are many reason due to which aneurysm happens such as weakening of the walls of the aorta, which is the largest artery in the body. The portion that passes through the chest is known as the thoracic aorta, and it contains the ascending aorta. The asce
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