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Lessons From the Greeks and Turks

Lessons From the Greeks and Turks

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Published by Vienna1683
During the Greek uprising against the Ottoman Turks during the eighteenth century, Western Europe and most Greeks supported the rebellion while the Turkish Muslims opposed it. The Europeans requested the nations of Europe to help Greece gain independence because this was also a holy war between Christianity and Islam. The Greeks rose up against the Turks because they wanted to become an independent nation again, although some opposed the changes happening within their own nation. The Ottoman Turks tried to resist the rebellion because they did not want to lose the land and resources they gained from occupying Greece.
During the Greek uprising against the Ottoman Turks during the eighteenth century, Western Europe and most Greeks supported the rebellion while the Turkish Muslims opposed it. The Europeans requested the nations of Europe to help Greece gain independence because this was also a holy war between Christianity and Islam. The Greeks rose up against the Turks because they wanted to become an independent nation again, although some opposed the changes happening within their own nation. The Ottoman Turks tried to resist the rebellion because they did not want to lose the land and resources they gained from occupying Greece.

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Published by: Vienna1683 on Dec 28, 2013
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During the Greek uprising against the Ottoman Turks during the eighteenth century, Western Europe and most Greeks supported the rebellion while the Turkish Muslims opposed it. The Europeans requested the nations of Europe to help Greece gain independence because this was also a holy war between Christianity and Islam. The Greeks rose up against the Turks because they wanted to become an independent nation again, although some opposed the changes happening within their own nation. The Ottoman Turks tried to resist the rebellion because they did not want to lose the land and resources they gained from occupying Greece. The Europeans of the eighteenth century (also Christians) supported the Greeks by spreading word of their harsh occupation and asking Europe to unite against the Turks (also Muslims).
Percy Bysshe Shelley, and English poet, said, “Our laws, our literature, our religion, our arts
 all
have their roots in Greece,” in his preface to the poem “Hellas”. This quote states that European
culture is similar to Greek culture and that the English believed that Greek culture was worth saving (Doc 7).
Claude Etienne Savary, a French scholar talked about the “injuries…which they [the Turks] have done to the sciences, the arts, and the human race,” again show
ing how appreciative Europeans were of Greek culture (Doc 3). The Europeans were also Christians, meaning they wanted to give Greece back to the suppressed followers of Christ and take it from the occupying Muslim Turks.
In Sneyd Davis’ poem, “To His Friend and Neighbor Dr. Thomas Taylor”, it said, “In the grove
where Plato taught -
A stupid Turk is preaching ignorance.” He shows his dislike of the Muslims  by first calling the Turk “stupid” and then calling Islam “ignorance” (Doc 1). Edward Blaquiere,
an English organizer for the London Greek Committee, told the people of London about the
murder of “the head of the Greek Orthodox Church.”
 His statement makes the Muslims seem ruthless and barbaric because the man they murdered was
 
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a simple servant of God (Doc 8). A. Regnier, a Frenchman, made an engraving in 1828 showing
the Turkish takeover of Greece called “Greece Sacrificed.. It shows Turkish cavalry with heavy
weapons charging at defenseless Greeks, some women and children, making the Turks look ruthless and cruel. The Greeks are huddled by a cross, which A. Regnier probably put in to show the persecution of not just Greeks, but Christians by Muslims (Doc 11). Although the Europeans supported the rebellion, some doubted the people of Greece. James Dallaway, chaplain to the English community in Constantinople, wrote to a friend in 1797. In his letter, he said that the richer Greeks were devious and almost as ignorant as their Turkish masters, meaning they might as well sell out the rebels. He also states that the poorer Greeks, although very lively, were untrustworthy and clever. From this quote, it would seem that the Greeks would not be able to put their nation  before their own needs, which is important in becoming an independent nation (Doc 5). The Greeks of the eighteenth century wanted independence so they supported their own rebellion,  but some Greeks were disappointed with the changes happening within their country. A quote
from the Greek exiles, a pamphlet published in 1806 in Italy read, “The Ottom
an state today finds
itself in death roes…The hour has approached, O Greeks, for the liberation of our motherland!”
This pamphlet supported the rebellion because it called on the Greeks to help liberate their nation. It also conveys that the rebellion favors the Greeks because the Ottoman state is crumbling (Doc 6). Alexander Mavrocordato, the president of the Greek revolutionary government wrote about
the horrors the Muslim Turks had done to the Greeks, and how proud he was of his nation’s
determination to become independent in his
 Declaration to the Christian Power
in 1822. He
obviously supported the revolution because he was the leader of the revolution’s government.
 
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Also in this declaration is the quote, “God has aided the work of the righteous,” whi
ch is another example of this revolution also being a holy war between Christianity and Islam (Doc 10). There were, however, certain Greeks that disagreed with the changes happening within their country at this time. Alexandros Kalphoglou, A Christian Greek poet, wrote of these changes in 1794. He states that young Greeks had stopped going to Church, started to read French literature instead of Greek literature, and even started to speak French and wear French clothes. He is disappointed because his rich, Greek culture is being destroyed by French influence (Doc 4). The Ottoman Turks did not want the Greek rebellion to succeed because they occupied Greece at the time. Mustapha III, a Turkish sultan, wrote a decree to a governor in northern Greece in 1765.
He ordered the governor to impose order on the rebels in his district. He said to “arrest and
imprison these brigands and take back the stolen goods and animals, as well as any ransom
money, cleansing the place of evildoers.”
The sultan basically tells the governor to crush the rebellion by any means necessary, even if it means killing, or cleansing, all of the rebels (Doc 2). Vahid Pasha, a Turkish provincial governor,
wrote a letter in 1822. He says that the idea that the Greek revolution’s purpose is
to restore
Christianity to Greece is only to cover up the Greek’s real ambitions, and that the revolution was
only drunkards roaming about and cheering for freedom, which is another reference to the holy war also taking place during the rebellion (Doc 9). Western Europe and Greece had positive views of the Greeks during the Greek rebellion against the Turks in the eighteenth century while the Ottoman Turks had negative views of the Greeks.

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