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English Grammar- Adjectives

English Grammar- Adjectives

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Published by butterball

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Published by: butterball on Sep 05, 2009
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12/21/2012

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ENGLISH GRAMMAR - ADJECTIVESQUESTIONS BOX
What are some common suffixes for adjectives?What is the attributive position of the adjective?What is its position?What meaning is suggested by –ing participles as adjectives (active meaning)What meaning is suggested by –ed participles as adjectives (passive meaning)Give some examples of a compound adjective – an English-speaking audienceGroups of Adjectives – order – What is the usual order?Opinion- size- quality/ character – age- shape –colour-participles-origin-material-type-purpose
1. FOUR Features /characteristics of ADJECTIVES
I.
 
Attributive
Function – pre-modify a noun, positioned between Determiner and the Head of the noun phraseII.
 
Predicative
Function – as Subject or Object complementIII.
 
Can be pre-modified by intensifiers (are
gradable
) – 
very, not very, somewhat, rather 
 IV.
 
Can take on Comparative and Superlative forms (are
comparatives
)
NOTE:
1. Not all adjs. exhibit all features;2. Features 3 and 4 may be exhibited in the same way in words3. Adjs that are both Attributive and Predicative are called
Central Adjectives
 
2. Typical adjective endings : -
-able, -ible acceptable, suitable, capable, credible-al accidental, seasonal, dictatorial, political-ed frenzied, crooked, wicked, kindhearted-fuI careful, faithful, doubtful, lawful-ic romantic, dramatic, historic, dynamic-ish childish, foolish, smallish, feverish-ive active, comprehensive, defective, affirmative-less careless, reckless, hopeless, harmless-ous famous, glorious, ambitious, erroneous-y tasty,- moody, heavy, hungry.
 
CENTRAL ADJECTIVES (“COMPLETE ADJECTIVES”) : can be Attributive or Predicative1.
 
Attributive – as pre-modifiers of nouns
(pleasant dreams
)2.
 
Predicatively – as subject predicative - linked by a copular verb – 
 His dreams were pleasant.
 3.
 
Some Adjectives only Attributive
(criminal, late and old)
 

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