I like to box / to dance/ to sing/ to skixvi.
I like boxing / dancing/ singing/ skiing(NOTE: In example (xv) the speaker is talking about herself as the agent performing the acts; in (xvi) it’s the
, not the
that is the focus of information with the possibility that the speaker is herself not aperformer in the events.
E: SUMMARY :to - V V -ing
FEATURES more verb-like more noun-likeno possessive modifier poss. modifier possiblespecified agent likely no specified agentMEANINGS acts eventsperformer assumed performer not assumedless definite more definitepossibly happens actually happens
F: FOR PRACTISE:
The table given below is useful for practice with specific verbs:
Non-finite complements(Main) verbs thatcan’t have an infinitiveor gerund after them;
they can be followedonly by subordinator“
” (ie. finitecontent clauses)
(Main) verbs thatcan be followedonly by to-V(Main) verbs thatcan be followedonly by V-ing(Main) verbs that can befollowed byboth to-V and V-ing
argue agree avoid begin assume allow consider cease believe arrange detest continue content beg enjoy dread guess choose fancy forget know decide finish hate realize decline keep like say hope postpone love state offer practice prefer suppose promise resent regret think tell resist remember wonder want suggest stop