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Ch4 Fluid Kinematics

Ch4 Fluid Kinematics

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Published by a u khan

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Published by: a u khan on Sep 05, 2009
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Fluid Kinematics
Continuum hypothesis: – fluid is made up of fluid particles; – each particle contains numerous molecules; – infinitesimal particles of a fluid are tightly packed together Thus, motion of a fluid is described in terms of fluid particles rather than individualmolecules.This motion can be described in terms of the velocity and acceleration of the fluid particlesAt a given instant of time, description of any fluid property may be given as a functionof fluid locationRepresentation of fluid parameters as function of spatial coordinates is termed a
 field representation
of the flowFluid parameters are functions of position ant time. For example, temperature in theroom is completely specified by
temperature field 
Velocity Field
T T x y z
Velocity Field
Velocity of a particleVelocity magnitudeVelocity field
 A A
V u v w
 
u x y z t v x y z t w x y z
ˆ ˆˆV , , , i , , , j , , ,
Particle location in terms of its position vector 
 x y z t 
V V , , ,

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