esaire began to focus on drama with the use of the poem "Chiens." The poem containsdifferent dialogues in it so Cesaire made it into a play. In 1968 he published, Une Tempete,a version of Shakespeare's famous play The Tempest. He wanted to reﬂect black Americain this play but the setting is the Caribbean. Davis argues that "The central paradigm of thecolonizer / colonized relation, as it is constructed in The Tempest, embraces the totality of the black experience in the New World"(157). Cesaire wanted to depict Black life inAmerica. Many critics believe Cesaire's version of The Tempest is about the relationshipbetween the colonizer and the colonized and the struggle for absolute power. In the play,Prospero is the master of the two men Caliban and Ariel. Prospero is the colonizer andboth Caliban and Ariel attempt to gain their freedom from him. Caliban's approach tofreedom is through rebellion while Ariel tries "to appeal to his [Prospero's] moralconscience"(161). In the end, Caliban's rebellion fails when all he wanted was to be hisown master. In his ﬁnal speech, Caliban charges Prospero with lying to him and holdinghim inferior. It is a classic example of the colonized rejecting the colonizer. This is a quotetaken from this ﬁnal speech by Caliban,Prospero, you are the master of illusion.Lying is your trademark.And you have lied so much to me(lied about the world, lied about me)that you have ended by imposing on mean image of myself.underdeveloped, you brand me, inferior,Thatís the way you have forced me to see myself I detest that image! What's more, it's a lie!But now I know you, you old cancer,and I know myself as well. (162)This ﬁnal scene in The Tempest shows Cesaire's attitude towards colonization. Thecolonizer imposes on the colonized all kinds of lies. The colonizer makes the colonizedfeel unworthy of living.
Works by Aime Cesaire
Collected Works:Euvres Completes. Vol.1 (Poesie), Vol. 2 (Theatre), Vol. 3 (Euvre historique et politique).Fort-de-France : Editions Desormeaux, 1976.Eshleman, Clayton and Smith, Annette, trans. Aime Cesaire : The Collected Poetry.Berkley: Univ. of CA Press, 1983.Maximin, Daniel and Carpentier, Gilles, eds. La Poesie. Paris : Seuil, 1994.
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