According to the Hymn to Enlil, he works alone andunaided. He is said to have made the pickax, "causedthe good to come forth," and "brought forth seed fromthe earth." He was invoked to bless his cities to ensureprosperity and abundance. So great was his importancethat other tutelary deities were said to have traveled toNippur to give Enlil offerings. Enlil created severaldeities concerned with the overseeing of the naturalworld. In his destructive aspect, he permitted the birthgoddess to kill at birth and was responsibility formiscarriages in cows and ewes. His believers saw himmanifest himself in both benevolence and destructiveviolence. His natural status was gradually decreased inthe Babylonian and Assyrian pantheons, beingsuperseded by Marduk and Assur. A.G.H.
by Micha F. Lindemans In ancient Sumero-Babylonian myth, Enlil ("lord wind")is the god of air, wind and storms. Enlil is the foremostgod of the Mesopotamian pantheon, and is sometimesreferred to as Kur-Gal ("great mountain"). In theSumerian cosmology he was born of the union of Anheaven and Ki earth. These he separated, and hecarried off the earth as his portion. In later times hesupplanted Anu as chief god. His consort is Ninlil withwhom he has five children: Nanna, Nerigal, Ningirsu,Ninurta, and Nisaba.Enlil holds possession of the Tablets of Destiny whichgives him power over the entire cosmos and the affairsof man. He is sometimes friendly towards mankind, butcan also be a stern and even cruel god who punishesman and sends forth disasters, such as the great Flood