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When King Become God-Illyrian

When King Become God-Illyrian

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Published by egersira

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: egersira on Sep 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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WHEN THE KING BECAME A GOD
 In Hittite texts the death of a king not only wasconsidered taboo word but the entire fabric of wordswas designed to avoid offending the monarch. Hittitesused the expression 'the king became a god' instead of 'the king died'. As a sign of respect Hittites addedubiquitously the suffix -ili to the name of a king tosolidify the worship of a king even while he was alive. This particular suffix meant 'god' among Semitic peopleadjacent to the Hittites. Near the ancient Wilusa in AsiaMinor lived Dardanians, an Illyrian tribe. The foundersof Ilios, Illyrians used the same practice as Hittites todeify their own kings. The origin of Indo European suffix-ili 'god' is in the ancient Uruk, the kingdom of Sumerians who regularly added the title of Enlil to thename of a king. It is obvious that Indo European sun god was createdafter the Sumerian god Enlil. Enlil, lord wind,Mesopotamian (Sumerian) [Iraq], is god of the air. Hewas worship from 3500 BC, or before, to about 1750BC. The son of primordial An and Ki, Enlili was thetutelary deity of Nippur where, in his honor, the Ehursanctuary was built, not rediscovered, and he becamethe most important god of southern Mesopotamiaduring the third millennium BC. His consort was Ninlilwho was impregnated by the "waters of Emlil" to givebirth to the moon god Nanna. (In the Akkadianpantheon his consort becomes Mulliltu.) He is depictedin a horned headdress and a tiered skirt, or by a hornedcrown on a pedestal.
 
 According to the Hymn to Enlil, he works alone andunaided. He is said to have made the pickax, "causedthe good to come forth," and "brought forth seed fromthe earth." He was invoked to bless his cities to ensureprosperity and abundance. So great was his importancethat other tutelary deities were said to have traveled toNippur to give Enlil offerings. Enlil created severaldeities concerned with the overseeing of the naturalworld. In his destructive aspect, he permitted the birthgoddess to kill at birth and was responsibility formiscarriages in cows and ewes. His believers saw himmanifest himself in both benevolence and destructiveviolence. His natural status was gradually decreased inthe Babylonian and Assyrian pantheons, beingsuperseded by Marduk and Assur. A.G.H. 
Enlil
by Micha F. Lindemans In ancient Sumero-Babylonian myth, Enlil ("lord wind")is the god of air, wind and storms. Enlil is the foremostgod of the Mesopotamian pantheon, and is sometimesreferred to as Kur-Gal ("great mountain"). In theSumerian cosmology he was born of the union of Anheaven and Ki earth. These he separated, and hecarried off the earth as his portion. In later times hesupplanted Anu as chief god. His consort is Ninlil withwhom he has five children: Nanna, Nerigal, Ningirsu,Ninurta, and Nisaba.Enlil holds possession of the Tablets of Destiny whichgives him power over the entire cosmos and the affairsof man. He is sometimes friendly towards mankind, butcan also be a stern and even cruel god who punishesman and sends forth disasters, such as the great Flood
 
which wiped out humanity with the exception oAtrahasis. Enlil is portrayed wearing a crown with horns,symbol of his power. His most prestigious temple was inthe city Nippur, and he was the patron of that city. Hisequivalent is the Akkadian god Ellil. 
Ellil
by Micha F. Lindemans  The Akkadian god of earth and wind. He is the son of Ansar and Kisar, the primordial deities, and the fatherof the moon god Sin. Together with Ea and Anu heforms a powerful triad of gods in the ancientMesopotamian religion. He is represented wearing aheadband which is decorated with horns. He isequivalent to the Sumerian god Enlil. Ellil is one of the most important gods of Mesopotamia.Ellil is so powerful that the other gods can't even lookat him. He is therefore only shown as a horned cap. TheHebrews called him Elohim which means basically god.What is striking about the list of Sumerian kings is thatthe kings are divided into two groups - those who ruledbefore a great flood and those who ruled after it.Equally striking is that the lengths of the reigns (andlife spans) of these kings drastically decreased after theflood, as did life spans of people recorded in the Bible. The very idea of a monotheistic god, the very fabric of  Judaism and then Christianity was actually based on theBabylonian hierarchy of gods where Enlil was the god of air, land, earth, and men's fates. He later became thehead of the gods. He was responsible for the GreatFlood. Since all Indo European languages use the sameroot lemma for the sun god identical with Ellil, this is a

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