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CDMA 2000 1X

CDMA 2000 1X

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Published by neeraj kumar singh

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Published by: neeraj kumar singh on Sep 06, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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1. Executive Summary
The acceptance of CDMA 2000 solutions in Asia, North America, and LatinAmerica, which accounted for over four million 3G CDMA2000 users by the endof 2001 and adding more than 1 million new subscribers per month, providesvivid proof of the demand for 3G services and applications. A broad range of color LCD phones and wireless devices are entering the market, including:camera phones, video on Demand phones, Global Positioning System (GPS),and multimedia enabled devices. These new devices, combined with high speedpacket data, are opening the door for the creation of a broad array of servicesthat deliver greater choice for consumers and enhance operators’ ability todifferentiate. The wireless consumer’s usage and demands have changeddramatically. The Korean experience demonstrates that the increased capabilitiesof CDMA200 networks can drive a fundamentally different consumer experienceand operator business model.CDMA2000 is a cost-effective evolutionary technology for CDMA, TDMAand GSM operations. CDMA2000 is an evolution of cdmaOne (IS-95) technology.CDMA2000’s development benefited from extensive experience acquiredthrough the operation of cdmaOne systems, as well as the requirements of thirdgeneration wireless systems. The result is an efficient and versatile technology.CDMA2000 1X supports both voice and data while CDMA2000 1xEV-DO (DataOptimized) supports data only in 1.25 MHz of spectrum. The objective of thispaper is to cover key features of CDMA2000 1X.The first commercial CDMA2000 network was launched in Korea inOctober 2000. By the end of 2001 there were 4.2 million commercial subscribersusing CDMA2000 in Korea, adding over 800,000 new subscribers per month. Asof end of 2001, more than 40 operators wordwide have announced plans for commercial deployment of CDMA2000. Currently there are 93 commercialCDMA2000 terminals manufactured by 20 different manufactures. cdmaOne hasbeen deployed in over 50 countries of five continents and there are over 100million subscribers worldwide.
Major new enhancements that CDMA2000 is offering are:
Nearly doubling the voice capacity from 14.8 Erlang per sector RFcarrier (in 1.25 MHz) to 26.4 Erlang per sector per RF carrier (in 1.25MHz).
“Always On” Peak packet data rate of 307 kbps (release A)
Connectivity to ANSI-41, GSM-MAP, and IP networks.
Various bands and bandwidths of operation in support of different operator needs: 450, 800, 900, 1700, 1800, 1900, and 2100 MHz.
Fully backward compatible with cdmaOne systems.
Improved service multiplexing and QoS management.
Flexible channel structure in support of multiple services with various QoSand variable transmission rates.
2 The CDMA2000 Standard
The CDMA2000 standard is being supported by “The Third GenerationPartnership Project 2,” or 3GPP2 organization. It is benefiting from the expertiseof specialists from Korean, Japanese, Chinese, and North American standardsbodies. The ITU approved the CDMA2000 1X and 1xEV radio access systems asmembers of the IMT-2000 family of standards.For the most part, the IS-95 related standards documents wereenchanced to provide support for new capabilities and services. CDMA2000release 0 was published in August 1999, release A in March 2000, and release Bis in balloting stage.Release 0 provides the physical layer details in depth and the key features of Release 0 are the following:
CDMA2000 1xEV-DO (HDR 
Data Optimized 2.4 Mbps
RF backward compatible Nearly Doubles Voice 307k, RF backward compatible
Voice, 14.4k Voice, 64k Voice, 9.64k Voice, 9.6k 
Data only 10-60k Voice, 128k/384k 
100k Pre-Final-Version Release 99, Voice, 64k/384k 
Global Evolution to 3G CDMA
Provides full physical layer support for all modes
Multiple Carrier 1X
Multiple Carrier 3X
Direct Spread *
For MC 1X
Provides higher capacity for voice services (approximately twice)
Provides up to 153.6 kbps peak data rate and higher capacity (more thantwice) for data services
Provides cleaner structure for mixed services
Reduces battery consumption in idle mode through use of Quick PagingChannel
Includes TIA/EIA-95B as a subset; builds upon IS-95B signaling
Provides signaling support for new 1X dedicated channels
Uses IS-95 A Paging Channel and Access Channel for common channelsupport
Provides basic MAC supportRelease A primarily provides signaling support for a new set of commonchannels. Key features of Release A are as follows:
Provides signaling support for MC 3X channels
As a result of OHG agreement, DS support was removed
Provides signaling support for new common channels
Forward Common Control Channel (F-CCCH)
Reverse Common Control Channel (R-CCCH)
Reverse Enhanced Access Channel (R-EACH) and
Forward Common Access Channel (F-CACH)
Provides signaling support for concurrent services
Flexible frame formats
Variable rate supplemental channel
Provides RLP support for all rates
Provides QoS negotiation
Supports enhanced encryption algorithm(* Direct Spread has been removed from CDMA2000 specs since Release A)
3. Overview of Key Features

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