2.3Fire, like heat is spread by condition, convection and radiation. Conductionmeans transmission through solids, convection through fluids while radiationrequires no medium of transmission. All direct flames and flying sparks canalso be included under the terms radiation and these account for the majorityof equipment fires in the department. A careful watch is very essential toprevent such fires.2.4Throwing quantities of cold water effectively quenches majority of fires. Apump is a handy device and a party of three or four trained persons can withthis appliance, effectively put out even a major conflagration. Water can,however, not be used over oil fires and electrical fire fused in the case of oilfires, oil being lighter will be spread out and the water sinking to the bottomgets heated up flashes into steam and consequently expanding to about 1700times, foams over with violent eruption. In the case of electrical fires, use of water on live electrical equipment’s wiring involves personnel risk due toshocks. Also it causes permanent damage to use the electrical insulation. Insuch cases sand is the most commonly used fire fighting material. The sandcuts the supply of oxygen to the fire.2.5In most cases of fire, however, the point of conflagration is not easilyaccessible. The fire fighting operations will have to be done from distanceonly. Handy chemical fire extinguishers are, therefore, stored at convenientplaces and this case readily be used for directing the jet of the extinguishingfluid against the fire. In chemical fire extinguishers, no fire extinguishingchemicals are discharged but the gas generated by the chemical action isused as a propelling agent.
3.0Precautions against fire in Telecom Building.
3.1Preventive Measures(i)Fuses of correct type and size must only be used for replacement.(ii)Bare fuse wires of strands of copper wire should not be used to replaceblown fuses.(iii)All mains supply fuses should be inside their covers or cartridges andshould not be exposed.(iv)It is necessary that all alarms type fuses should have the correct color beads fitted on them. Only fuse wire of correct rating should be usedfor their repairs.(v)Resistance spools should not be used indiscriminately, without anyregard to their capacity for heat dissipation. The heat dissipated mustnot raise the temperature of the resistance spool to such a degree asto cause fire.(vi)While considering the wattage of the resistance to be used, maximumcurrent that may flow through it under fault condition should be taken
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