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Section 3.4, Fundamental of Transmission

Section 3.4, Fundamental of Transmission

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Published by neeraj kumar singh
Optical Fibre Cable, Principles and operation, Fiber construction and Characteristics, OFC splicing. Overview of PDH & SDH
Optical Fibre Cable, Principles and operation, Fiber construction and Characteristics, OFC splicing. Overview of PDH & SDH

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Published by: neeraj kumar singh on Sep 07, 2009
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05/11/2014

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SECTION 3.4
Optical Fibre Cable, Principle and Operation, Fibreconstruction and Characteristics, OFC Splicing &Overview of PDH Optical Fibre System
 
Fundamental of Transmission Sec. 3.4
Objective :
Introduction to Fibre Optics, theory and principle of Fibre Optics,propagation of light through fibre, Fibre Geometry, Fibre Types.
FIBRE OPTICS :
Optical Fibre is new medium, in which information (voice, Data or Video) istransmitted through a glass or plastic fibre, in the form of light, following thetransmission sequence give below :(1) Information is encoded into electrical signals.(2) Electrical signals are converted into light signals.(3) Light travels down the fibre.(4) A detector changes the light signals into electrical signals.(5) Electrical signals are decoded into information.
ADVANTAGES OF FIBRE OPTICS :
Fibre Optics has the following advantages :(I) Optical Fibres are non conductive (Dielectrics)- Grounding and surge suppression not required.- Cables can be all dielectric.(II) Electromagnetic Immunity :- Immune to electromagnetic interference (EMI)- No radiated energy.- Unauthorised tapping difficult.(III) Large Bandwidth (> 5.0 GHz for 1 km length)- Future upgradability.- Maximum utilization of cable right of way.- One time cable installation costs.(IV) Low Loss (5 dB/km to < 0.25 dB/km typical)- Loss is low and same at all operating speeds within the fibre'sspecified bandwidth long, unrepeated links (>70km is operation).(v) Small, Light weight cables.- Easy installation and Handling.- Efficient use of space.(vi) Available in Long lengths (> 12 kms)
BRBRAITT, Jabalpur, Issued in Nov. 2008 
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Fundamental of Transmission Sec. 3.4
- Less splice points.(vii) Security- Extremely difficult to tap a fibre as it does not radiate energy that canbe received by a nearby antenna.- Highly secure transmission medium.(viii) Security - Being a dielectric- It cannot cause fire.- Does not carry electricity.- Can be run through hazardous areas.(ix) Universal medium- Serve all communication needs.- Non-obsolescence.
APPLICATION OF FIBRE OPTICS IN COMMUNICATIONS :
- Common carrier nationwide networks.- Telephone Inter-office Trunk lines.- Customer premise communication networks.- Undersea cables.- High EMI areas (Power lines, Rails, Roads).- Factory communication/ Automation.- Control systems.- Expensive environments.
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High lightening areas.- Military applications.- Classified (secure) communications.
Transmission Sequence :
(1) Information is Encoded into Electrical Signals.(2) Electrical Signals are Coverted into light Signals.(3) Light Travels Down the Fiber.
BRBRAITT, Jabalpur, Issued in Nov. 2008 
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