Fundamental of Transmission Sec. 3.4
Introduction to Fibre Optics, theory and principle of Fibre Optics,propagation of light through fibre, Fibre Geometry, Fibre Types.
FIBRE OPTICS :
Optical Fibre is new medium, in which information (voice, Data or Video) istransmitted through a glass or plastic fibre, in the form of light, following thetransmission sequence give below :(1) Information is encoded into electrical signals.(2) Electrical signals are converted into light signals.(3) Light travels down the fibre.(4) A detector changes the light signals into electrical signals.(5) Electrical signals are decoded into information.
ADVANTAGES OF FIBRE OPTICS :
Fibre Optics has the following advantages :(I) Optical Fibres are non conductive (Dielectrics)- Grounding and surge suppression not required.- Cables can be all dielectric.(II) Electromagnetic Immunity :- Immune to electromagnetic interference (EMI)- No radiated energy.- Unauthorised tapping difficult.(III) Large Bandwidth (> 5.0 GHz for 1 km length)- Future upgradability.- Maximum utilization of cable right of way.- One time cable installation costs.(IV) Low Loss (5 dB/km to < 0.25 dB/km typical)- Loss is low and same at all operating speeds within the fibre'sspecified bandwidth long, unrepeated links (>70km is operation).(v) Small, Light weight cables.- Easy installation and Handling.- Efficient use of space.(vi) Available in Long lengths (> 12 kms)
BRBRAITT, Jabalpur, Issued in Nov. 2008