Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
P. 1
Section 3.4, Fundamental of Transmission

Section 3.4, Fundamental of Transmission

Ratings: (0)|Views: 278|Likes:
Published by neeraj kumar singh
Optical Fibre Cable, Principles and operation, Fiber construction and Characteristics, OFC splicing. Overview of PDH & SDH
Optical Fibre Cable, Principles and operation, Fiber construction and Characteristics, OFC splicing. Overview of PDH & SDH

More info:

Published by: neeraj kumar singh on Sep 07, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Optical Fibre Cable, Principle and Operation, Fibreconstruction and Characteristics, OFC Splicing &Overview of PDH Optical Fibre System
Fundamental of Transmission Sec. 3.4
Objective :
Introduction to Fibre Optics, theory and principle of Fibre Optics,propagation of light through fibre, Fibre Geometry, Fibre Types.
Optical Fibre is new medium, in which information (voice, Data or Video) istransmitted through a glass or plastic fibre, in the form of light, following thetransmission sequence give below :(1) Information is encoded into electrical signals.(2) Electrical signals are converted into light signals.(3) Light travels down the fibre.(4) A detector changes the light signals into electrical signals.(5) Electrical signals are decoded into information.
Fibre Optics has the following advantages :(I) Optical Fibres are non conductive (Dielectrics)- Grounding and surge suppression not required.- Cables can be all dielectric.(II) Electromagnetic Immunity :- Immune to electromagnetic interference (EMI)- No radiated energy.- Unauthorised tapping difficult.(III) Large Bandwidth (> 5.0 GHz for 1 km length)- Future upgradability.- Maximum utilization of cable right of way.- One time cable installation costs.(IV) Low Loss (5 dB/km to < 0.25 dB/km typical)- Loss is low and same at all operating speeds within the fibre'sspecified bandwidth long, unrepeated links (>70km is operation).(v) Small, Light weight cables.- Easy installation and Handling.- Efficient use of space.(vi) Available in Long lengths (> 12 kms)
BRBRAITT, Jabalpur, Issued in Nov. 2008 
Fundamental of Transmission Sec. 3.4
- Less splice points.(vii) Security- Extremely difficult to tap a fibre as it does not radiate energy that canbe received by a nearby antenna.- Highly secure transmission medium.(viii) Security - Being a dielectric- It cannot cause fire.- Does not carry electricity.- Can be run through hazardous areas.(ix) Universal medium- Serve all communication needs.- Non-obsolescence.
- Common carrier nationwide networks.- Telephone Inter-office Trunk lines.- Customer premise communication networks.- Undersea cables.- High EMI areas (Power lines, Rails, Roads).- Factory communication/ Automation.- Control systems.- Expensive environments.
High lightening areas.- Military applications.- Classified (secure) communications.
Transmission Sequence :
(1) Information is Encoded into Electrical Signals.(2) Electrical Signals are Coverted into light Signals.(3) Light Travels Down the Fiber.
BRBRAITT, Jabalpur, Issued in Nov. 2008 

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->