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FORMS OF RATIO:
STEPS IN RATIO ANALYSIS
TYPES OF COMPARISONS
PRE-REQUISITIES TO RATIO ANALYSIS
CLASSIFICATION OF RATIO
BASED ON FINANCIAL STATEMENT
BASED ON FUNCTION:
BASED ON USER:
LIQUIDITY RATIO: -
CURRENT RATIO
LIQUID RATIO:
CASH RATIO
INVESTMENT / SHAREHOLDER
EARNING PER SAHRE:-
DIVIDEND PER SHARE:-
Meaning:
DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO:-
Dividend Pay out ratio = *100
GEARING
CAPITAL GEARING RATIO:-
PROFITABILITY
FINANCIAL
IMPORTANCE OF RATIO ANALYSIS:
ADVANTAGES OF RATIO ANALYSIS
LIMITATIONS OF RATIO ANALYSIS
ROLE OF RATIO ANALYSIS:
EVALUATION OF APLAB LIMITED THROUGH RATIO
APLAB LIMITED
CALCULATIONS AND INTERPRETATION OF RATIO’S
1] CURRENT RATIO:
2] LIQUID RATIO:
3] PROPRIETORY RATIO:
4] STOCK WORKING CAPITAL RATIO:
5] CAPITAL GEARING RATIO:
Capital gearing ratio =
6] DEBT EQUITY RATIO:
7] GROSS PROFIT RATIO:
8] OPERATING RATIO:
Operating ratio = *100
Return on capital employed = *100
13] EARNING PER SHARE:
Earning per share =
14] DIVIDEND PAYOUT RATIO:
Dividend Pay out ratio = * 100
15] COST OF GOODS SOLD:
16] CASH RATIO:
17] RETURN ON PROPRIETORS FUND:
18] RETURN ON EQUITY:
19] OPERATING PROFIT RATIO:
20] CREDITORS TURNOVER RATIO:
SUMMARY OF FINANCIAL POSITION OF APLAB LIMITED
CONCLUSION:
BIBLIOGRAPHY
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In Tor Duct Ion

# In Tor Duct Ion

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INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVE:
To understand the information contained in financial statements with a view to know the strength or weaknesses of the firm and to make forecast about the future prospects of the firm and thereby enabling the financial analyst to take different decisions regarding the operations of the firm.

RATIO ANALYSIS:
Fundamental Analysis has a very broad scope. One aspect looks at the general (qualitative) factors of a company. The other side considers tangible and measurable facto
INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVE:
To understand the information contained in financial statements with a view to know the strength or weaknesses of the firm and to make forecast about the future prospects of the firm and thereby enabling the financial analyst to take different decisions regarding the operations of the firm.

RATIO ANALYSIS:
Fundamental Analysis has a very broad scope. One aspect looks at the general (qualitative) factors of a company. The other side considers tangible and measurable facto

Published by: SheerazAnwerSaeed on Sep 07, 2009

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07/13/2012

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