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- the ability of light to cause a chemical or physical change in a substance.
- early type of exposure calculator.
- subjective term for the visual sharpness of an image.
- objective measurement of image sharpness.
- circular mount, available in several sizes, enabling accessories such asfilters to be used with lenses of different diameters.
- color printing method which produces an image by giving threeseparate exposures, each filtered to one of the three primary color wavelengths, blue,green and red.
- method of producing full-color images by mixing light of the threeprimary color wavelengths, blue, green and red.•
- the distance or depth effect caused by atmospheric haze. Hazecreates a large amount of extraneous ultra-violet light to which all photographic emulsionsare sensitive.
stops autofocus operation once the subject is in focus. Useful when shooting asubject outside the focus area in the viewfinder. The photographer should first lock thefocus with the subject inside the focus area, then recompose the shot as neccesary.
- lens attachment that alters the focal length of the camera lens withoutdisturbing the distance between the lens and the film plane.
- the sensor used to detect focus.
- the treatment of negatives and prints to correct certain faults inexposure and development, or to create special effects.
- method by which fresh solution is brought into contact with the surface ofsensitive materials during photographic processing.
- bubbles of air clinging to the emulsion surface during processing.
- method of retouching b&w or color photographs where dye is sprayed,under pressure, on to selected areas of the negative or print.
- photography of aircraft in flight from another aircraft.
- effect that creates a reversed image. An exposed frame of film, treatedwith dilute chromic acid is exposed to light. Development then gives a positive image bydarkening the film grains that were not initially affected by exposure.•
- printing paper invented by Blanquart-Evrard in the mid-19th centurywhere egg whites were used to coat the paper base prior to sensitization. The albumenadded to the brightness of the white base and substantially improved printed highlights.
- instrument used for measuring temperature. It is an inexpensiveand less accurate version of the mercury thermometer.
- denotes the degree of alkali in a solution, measured in
values. All valuesabove pH 7 are alkaline.