Civil engineers commonly work as consultants by becoming employees or independent contractorsfor engineering consulting companies. Theseconsultants most often provide design and analysis services. They plan anddesign buildings, bridges, highways, water treatment plants, harbors,railroads, and airports. They also do environmental studies to prevent water and soil contamination during construction.
1.Civil engineering consultants do extensive analysis on structural andenvironmental factors to design sturdy, functional and safe buildings,transportation systems and a wide variety of water-related projects. Theydetermine the best materials and construction techniques for each project.They manage budgets. They review and approve plans and drawings.Consultants also coordinate and supervise construction. Civil engineeringconsulting companies often provide combination civil and environmentalengineering services, including structural design, pollution prevention,energy-saving methods, and equipment. There sometimes work on thedevelopment of alternative energy systems. Typically they offer surveyingand site development services as well.
2.A civil engineering consulting company might focus on one particular area,or it could employ civil engineers across various specialties. Hydraulicscivil engineers, for instance, design reservoirs, flood-control systems, river and coastal maintenance, and harbors. Structural engineers designbuildings and other structures to ensure that they are safe and functional,able to support their own weight and resist all types of weather. Other specialties include construction, environmental, transportation, and urbanplanning. Many architectural firms hire civil engineering consultants, andcivil engineers also work in tandem with construction contractors.
Some consulting positions can last for several years. One current positionlisting is for a 5-year contract in a rural western area of the United Statesdesigning water treatment and storm sewer systems and water piping.Another, based in Chicago, is looking for a civil engineering consultant towork on railroads, including design of yards, signals, and operations.Adventurous civil engineers can take international consulting positions.One company currently looking for civil engineering consultants hasopportunities available in Houston, Texas; Milan, Italy; Paris, France; andAbu Dhabi,United Arab Emirates.
4.Civil engineers, including consultants, must complete a Bachelor of Science degree, with rigorous coursework in math, physics,