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AP Chemistry, Chapter Seven Vocabulary

AP Chemistry, Chapter Seven Vocabulary

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Published by Helie
The vocabulary from chapter seven of Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity, by Kotz, Treichel, and Weaver.
The vocabulary from chapter seven of Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity, by Kotz, Treichel, and Weaver.

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Published by: Helie on Sep 08, 2009
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11/30/2012

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PART TWO: THE STRUCTURE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULESChapter Seven: Atomic Structure(Text from Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity, by Kotz, Treichel, and Weaver
Electromagnetic radiation
: radiation, such as light, microwaves, radio signals, x-rays,etc.
Wavelength (
λ
 )
: the distance between successive crests or high points of a wave
Frequency (
ν
 )
: the number of waves that pass a given point in some unit of time,usually per second
Hertz (s
-1
 )
: a unit for frequency, 1 per second
 Amplitude
: the maximum height of a wave
Node
: a point of zero amplitude, occurs at intervals of
λ
 /2
Standing wave
: a type of wave that has two or more points of no amplitude, which hasa distance of
λ
 /2 between consecutive nodes, and is only possible in certainwavelengths. It is useful in describing electrons in atoms.
Quantization
: Max Planck's idea that heated vibrating atoms give rise toelectromagnetic radiation at only certain frequencies
Photoelectric effect
: the ejection of electrons when light strikes the surface of a metal
Photons
: the mass-less particles that make up light, whose energy is proportional tothe frequency of the radiation
Line emission spectrum
: the specific wavelengths emitted by gas particles when theyare excited. Each element has its own unique one.
Rydberg equation:
an equation developed by Johann Balmer and Johannes Rydbergfrom which it was possible to calculate the wavelength of the red, green, and blue linesin the visible emission spectrum of hydrogen atoms
Principal quantum number (n)
: a unitless integer having values of 1, 2, 3, and so on. Itdefines the energy level of an electron
Ground state
: the state of an atom with its electrons in the lowest possible energylevels
Excited state
: the state of an atom without all its electrons in the lowest possibleenergy levels

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