PART TWO: THE STRUCTURE OF ATOMS AND MOLECULESChapter Seven: Atomic Structure(Text from Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity, by Kotz, Treichel, and Weaver
: radiation, such as light, microwaves, radio signals, x-rays,etc.
: the distance between successive crests or high points of a wave
: the number of waves that pass a given point in some unit of time,usually per second
: a unit for frequency, 1 per second
: the maximum height of a wave
: a point of zero amplitude, occurs at intervals of
: a type of wave that has two or more points of no amplitude, which hasa distance of
/2 between consecutive nodes, and is only possible in certainwavelengths. It is useful in describing electrons in atoms.
: Max Planck's idea that heated vibrating atoms give rise toelectromagnetic radiation at only certain frequencies
: the ejection of electrons when light strikes the surface of a metal
: the mass-less particles that make up light, whose energy is proportional tothe frequency of the radiation
Line emission spectrum
: the specific wavelengths emitted by gas particles when theyare excited. Each element has its own unique one.
an equation developed by Johann Balmer and Johannes Rydbergfrom which it was possible to calculate the wavelength of the red, green, and blue linesin the visible emission spectrum of hydrogen atoms
Principal quantum number (n)
: a unitless integer having values of 1, 2, 3, and so on. Itdefines the energy level of an electron
: the state of an atom with its electrons in the lowest possible energylevels
: the state of an atom without all its electrons in the lowest possibleenergy levels