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Published by apurvaaa
its a presentation on telecom sector its growth and prospects
its a presentation on telecom sector its growth and prospects

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Published by: apurvaaa on Sep 08, 2009
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The word “
” (which is an abbreviated version of '
) in real sense refers to the transfer of information between two distant points in space. Thismeaning however, has been subjected to modifications inaccordance with further innovations made be the
History of Telecommunication inIndia
In 1880, two telephone companies namely “The OrientalTelephone Company Limited” and “The Anglo-Indian
Telephone Company Limited” approached the Government of India with the objective of establishing
across the country. Initially, the Governmentdenied the permission as it wanted to exercise its monopolypower over the promising industry once it emerged. By thefollowing year, it changed its decision and finally on 28 thJanuary,1882, license was granted to The OrientalTelephone Company Limited of England for opening
telephone exchanges
at Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai andAhmedabad.The opening of exchanges was followed by further innovations and improvements in all sections of the
telecom industry
. However, while telephones wereintroduced in the major towns and cities across the countryduring the British period, total number of telephones in Indiain 1948 was merely 80,000. The growth was negligible evenafter independence and the telephone was used as a statussymbol by the rich despite being an extremely essentialdevice of public utility. This sluggish rate of growthcontinued till 1991 when the number of telephones was 5.07million.The period post 1975 saw an resurgence in the
IndiaTelecom Market
by virtue of a series of fruitful decisionsinitiated by the Government which included:
The separation of 
Department of Telecom (DoT)
Post and Telegraph (P&T)
in 1975.
The formation of 
Mahanagar Telephone NigamLimited (MTNL)
out of 
to provide
services exclusively to Delhi and Mumbai.
In the 1990s, the
telecom sector
was opened up bythe Government for private investment as a part of Liberalization-Privatization-Globalization Policy.
On 1 st October, 2000, the Government corporatized itsoperations wing under the name of 
Bharat SancharNigam Limited (BSNL).
To top it all, the introduction of mobile communication isundeniably the biggest success story scripted by the
telecom industry.
Early communication systems
Almost 5,000 years ago, our ancestors relied onsmoke signals for visual - or optical - transmissionsystems, establishing one of the oldest forms ofcommunication in recorded history. The nextdevelopment, sometime around 300BC, used carrierpigeons to deliver handwritten messages. Beyondthat, the only other means of communication was tophysically deliver messages to friends, family andassociates located afar.It wasn't until 1792 that a new form of opticaltelecommunications came along: the Semaphore.Developed by the Frenchman Claude Chappe, thesewindmill-like structures enabled people to relaymessages at distances of up to 20 miles. However,

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