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GE184-VC02-HowToLieWithGraphs

GE184-VC02-HowToLieWithGraphs

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Published by: chennaiibs on Sep 08, 2009
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05/11/2014

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How to Lie with Graphs
At their best, graphs communicate difficult technical information clearly andmemorably. They can be things of beauty rather than merely utilitarian.Sometimes, however, in attempting to create a beautiful, memorable graph,things go awry. For various reasons, the resulting graph may be overwhelming,confusing, misleading, painful, or just plain lies.Skill Level I
Unintentional Optical Art
In this project, we investigate how graphs can be misleading or overwhelming (or give the viewer a headache).
From: The Visual Display of Quantitative Data by Edward R. Tufte
Objectives
Investigate the importance and impact of graphs as communication devicesUse different types of graphsBecome exposed to problems that can occur when creating graphs
Visual Communications Project
2
 
Problem
For the above graphs, write in your own words: 1)(other than that the language is Portuguese)does the graph above communicate clearly?2)what is the problem blocking communication?3)in the left column, third box down "Capitaes dasFabricas" - what is going on in the last entry?4)on the graph below, create your own version thatcommunicates the information more clearly (usewhite-out if necessary)
 
Skill Level II
Graphs with an Agenda
Even though based on factual information, the way a graph is drawn canhave some powerful psychological impacts that make the resultsmisleading to viewers.
Data from National Association of Realtors
Problem
While the two graphs show identical information, thepsychological impact is different.1)which would you use to show the market hasbeen rising steeply? which to show the markethas been more flat?

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