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Published by atulsudhir

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Published by: atulsudhir on Sep 09, 2009
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05/11/2011

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1.1INTRODUCTION
 Training & Developmentis the field concerned with workplacelearning to improve performance. Such training can be generally categorized as
on-the-job
or 
off-the-job
. On-the-job describes training that is given in a normalworking situation, using the actual tools, equipment, documents or materials thatthey will use when fully trained. On-the-job training is usually most effective for vocational work. Off-the-job training takes place away from normal work situationwhich means that the employee is not regarded as productive worker whentraining is taking place. An advantage of off-the-job training is that it allows peopleto get away from work and totally concentrate on the training being given. Thistype of training is most effective for training concepts and ideas.TRAININGThe term
training 
refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skills,and competencies as a result of the teaching of vocationalor practical skills andknowledge that relate to specific useful competencies. It forms the core of apprenticeshipsand provides the backbone of content attechnical collegesand polytechnics. In addition to the basic training required for atrade,occupationor  profession, observers of the labor-market
[
]
recognisetodaythe need tocontinue training beyond initial qualifications: to maintain, upgrade and updateskills throughoutworking life. People within many professions and occupationsmay refer to this sort of training asprofessional development.Some commentators use a similar term for workplace learning to improveperformance:training and development. One can generally categorize suchtraining as
on-the-job
or 
off-the-job
:
On-the-job training takes place in a normal working situation, using theactualtools, equipment, documents or materials that trainees will use whenfully trained. On-the-job training has a general reputation as most effectivefor vocational work.
Off-the-job training takes place away from normal work situations implying that the employee does not count as a directly productive worker while such training takes place. Off-the-job training has the advantage thatit allows people to get away from work and concentrate more thoroughly on
1
 
the training itself. This type of training has proven more effective
[
] 
in inculcating concepts and ideas.Training differs fromexercisein that people may dabble in exercise as anoccasional activity for fun. Training has specific goals of improving one'scapability,capacity, andperformance. Education – formal and informal – is the part of learning which is concernedwith development general knowledge, understanding and background of our totalenvironment and may continue throughout human life. The manpower serviceCommission’s Glossary of trading terms(1981) defines education as activitieswhich aim at developing the knowledge, skills, moral values and understandingrequired in all aspects of life rather than a knowledge and skill relating to only alimited field of activity. The purpose of education is to provide the conditionsessential to young people and adults to develop an understanding of the traditionsand ideas influencing the society in which they live and to enable them and makea contribution to it. It involve to study to there own culture and of the laws of nature. As well as aquatic and linguistic and other skills which are basic tolearning, personnel development, creativity and communication “Depending uponthe nature of knowledge contained in the education, it is classified into variousdisciplines at different levels like arts science and commerce which are in turndivided into social sciences, physical science engineering, medical and so on.Further depending on the nature of skill, education is put into several categorieslike technical, non-technical and management education.
2
 
1.2SCOPE OF THE STUDY
It helps to understand the training methods
It gives valuable suggestions to improve the training methods 
It helps to find the need for change in training methods 
It helps to find the whether the training program helps to increaseproductivity
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