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المرجع الشامل فى جمل SQL

المرجع الشامل فى جمل SQL

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المرجع الشامل في جمل SQL كتيب يتحدث عن جمل SQL. تم تحميل من قبل موقع برامج سوفت اكس جيم http://www.softxgame.com
المرجع الشامل في جمل SQL كتيب يتحدث عن جمل SQL. تم تحميل من قبل موقع برامج سوفت اكس جيم http://www.softxgame.com

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Published by: أكبر مكتبة كتب عربية on Sep 09, 2009
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01/07/2013

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ﻪﺠﻣﺮﺒﻠﻟ
 
ﻰﺑﺮﻌﻟا
 
ﻖﻳﺮﻔﻟا
 Arab Team 2000 
١ﺪﻣﺎﺣ
 
ﺪﻤﺣأ
 
ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺘﻟاو
 
ﻞﻘﻨﻟﺎﺑ
 
 مﺎﻗ
 
ﺪﺒﻟا
 
ﻞﺒﻗو
 
ﻻواءدوا
 
حﺮﺸﻟا
 
ﻰﻓ
 
هﺬھ
 
ﻪﻧﺎﻣﻸﻟ
 
حﺮﺸﻟا
 
 رﺪﺼﻣ
 
 ﺮﻛذا
 
نا
 
ﻊﻗﻮﻣ
 
ﻦﻋ
 
ﻪﻟﻮﻘﻨﻣ
 
سورﺪﻟا
 COM.Schools3W.WWW
 ﺗو
 
ﺎﮫﺘﻤﺟﺮﺘﺑ
 
 ﻂﻘﻓ
 
ﺎﻧا
 
ﺖﻤﻗ
 
ﺪﻘﻟو ﻮ ﺿﺎﮫﺑ
 
هﺮﯿﻐﺼﻟا
 
 طﺎﻘﻨﻟا
 
ﺾﻌﺑ
 
ﻞﻳﺪﻌﺗو
 
ﺢﯿ
 
نﻮﻜﯿﺳ ﻟ
 
ﻞﻣﺎﺷ
 
ﻊﺟﺮﻣ
 
ﻦﻋ
 
هرﺎﺒﻋ
 
حﺮﺸﻟا
 
اﺬھ
 
ﻞﻤﺠ
SQL 
ﻰﻓ
 
ﻪﻣﺪﻘﻣ
 
ﻻوا
SQL:
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
ﺪﻋاﻮﻗ
 
ﻪﺠﻟﺎﻌﻣو
 
لﻮﺧﺪﻟ
 
ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟا
 
تﺎﻐﻟ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻪﯿﺳﺎﯿﻗ
 
ﻪﻐﻟ
 
ﻰھ
 
ﻰھ
 
ﺎﻣ
SQL:
S
tructured
Q
uery
L
anguage 
ﻪﻐﻟءﺎﻨﺑ
 
 ﻣﻼﻌﺘﺳﻷا
 
تﺎﻪﯿﻠﻜﯿﮫﻟا
 )
ﻪﻳﻮﺷ
 
ﻪﯿﻓﺮﺣ
 
ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺘﻟا
 
ﻰھ
 
ﻰﻨﻌﻳ
( 
١
-
ﻪﻐﻟ
 
ﻰھﺪﮫﻌﻤﺑ
 
ﻪﺻﺎﺨﻟا
 
ﺐﺳﺎﺤﻟا
 
تﺎﻐﻟ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻪﯿﺳﺎﯿﻗ
  ANSI 
٢
-
ﺪﻋاﻮﻘﻟ
 
لﻮﺧﺪﻟا
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻚﻨﻜﻤﺗتﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا٣
-
هﺪﻋﺎﻘﻟا
 
ﻦﻣ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
جاﺮﺨﺘﺳإ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻚﻨﻜﻤﺗ٤
-
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
هﺪﻋﺎﻗ
 
ﻰﻟإ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺑ
 
ﻪﻓﺎﺿإ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻚﻨﻜﻤﺗ٥
-
هﺪﻋﺎﻘﻟا
 
ﻦﻣ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺑ
 
فﺬﺣ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻚﻨﻜﻤﺗ٦
-
ﻪﻠﺠﺴﻤﻟا
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
ﻞﻳﺪﻌﺗ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻚﻨﻜﻤﺗ٧
-
 ﺮﯿﺧأا ﻢﮫﻔﻟاو
 
 ﻢﻠﻌﺘﻟا
 
ﻪﻠﮫﺳ
 
ﻪﻐﻟ
 
ﻰھ
 
 
 
ﻪﺠﻣﺮﺒﻠﻟ
 
ﻰﺑﺮﻌﻟا
 
ﻖﻳﺮﻔﻟا
 Arab Team 2000 
٢ﺪﻣﺎﺣ
 
ﺪﻤﺣأ
 
ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺘﻟاو
 
ﻞﻘﻨﻟﺎﺑ
 
 مﺎﻗ
 
ﻪﻐﻟ
SQL
ﻪﯿﺳﺎﯿﻗ
 
ﻪﻐﻟ
 
ﻰھ
 : 
 ﻌﻤﺑ
 
ﻪﺻﺎﺨﻟا
 
ﻪﯿﺳﺎﯿﻘﻟا
 
تﺎﻐﻠﻟا
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻪﻐﻟ
 
ﻰھﺪﮫ
  ANSI(
 A mericanNationalStandardsInstitute
) 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
ﺪﻋاﻮﻗ
 
 ﻢﻈﻧ
 
ﻪﺠﻟﺎﻌﻣو
 
لﻮﺧد
 
ﻦﻣ
 
ﻚﻨﻜﻤﺗ
Database System 
ﻞﻤﺟ
SQL
ﻞﺜﻣ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
ﺪﻋاﻮﻗ
 
ﺞﻣاﺮﺑ
 
ﻊﻣ
 
ﻞﻤﻌﺗ
: Ms-Access, Ms-SQL Server,
DB2, Oracle, etc.
ﻪﻐﻟ
 
 ﻢﺴﻘﻨﺗ
SQL
ﻦﯿﻤﺴﻗ
 
ﻰﻟإ
 : 1-
 
SQL Data Manipulation Language (DML)
 ﻮﺌﺴﻤﻟا
 
 ﻢﺴﻘﻟا
 
 ﻮھ
 
ﻦﻋ
 
ل
:
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
ﻪﺠﻟﺎﻌﻣ
 
١
-Select :
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
هﺪﻋﺎﻗ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
جاﺮﺨﺘﺳإ
 
٢
-
INSERT INTO:
هﺪﻳﺪﺟ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺑ
 
ﻪﻓﺎﺿإ
 
٣
-Update:
ﻪﻠﺠﺴﻤﻟا
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
ﻞﻳﺪﻌﺘﻟا٤
-Delete :
هﺪﻋﺎﻘﻟا
 
ﻦﻣ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
فﺬﺣ
 2- Data Definition Language (DDL)
 ﻤﻟا
 
 ﻢﺴﻘﻟا
 
 ﻮھﻦﻋ
 
لﻮﺌﺴ
:
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ
 
١
-Create Database:
هﺪﻳﺪﺟ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺑ
 
هﺪﻋﺎﻗ
 
ءﺎﺸﻧﻷ
 
٢
-Create Table:
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺑ
 
هﺪﻋﺎﻗ
 
ﻞﺧاد
 
لوﺪﺟ
 
ءﺎﺸﻧﻷ
 
٣
- ALTER TABLE:
لوﺪﺠﻟا
 
ﻰﻓ
 
ﻞﻳﺪﻌﺘﻠﻟ
 
٤
-DROP TABLE:
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
هﺪﻋﺎﻗ
 
ﻦﻣ
 
لوﺪﺠﻟا
 
فﺬﺤﻟ
 
٥
-CREATE INDEX:
 ﻧﻷ ﺸﺚﺤﺒﻠﻟ
 
حﺎﺘﻔﻣ
 
ءﺎ
 
٦
-DROP INDEX:
ﺚﺤﺒﻟا
 
حﺎﺘﻔﻣ
 
فﺬﺤﻟ
 
 
 
ﻪﺠﻣﺮﺒﻠﻟ
 
ﻰﺑﺮﻌﻟا
 
ﻖﻳﺮﻔﻟا
 Arab Team 2000 
٣ﺪﻣﺎﺣ
 
ﺪﻤﺣأ
 
ﻪﻤﺟﺮﺘﻟاو
 
ﻞﻘﻨﻟﺎﺑ
 
 مﺎﻗ
 
ﻪﻠﻤﺟ
 
ﻻوأ
Select 
إ
 
ﻰﻓ
 
 مﺪﺨﺘﺴﺗجاﺮﺨﺘﺳبﻮﻠ
 ﻄ
 ﻤﻟا
 
ﺐﺴﺣ
 
لوﺪﺠﻟا
 
ﻞﺧاد
 
ﻦﻣ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺑ
 
Syntax
ﮫﻠﻤﺠﻟا
 
ﺐﺘﻜﺗﻰﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﻛ
:
 
 
SELECT column_name(s)FROM table_name
ﻪﻣﺎھ
 
ﻪﻈﺣﻼﻣ
 :
ﻞﻤﺟ
SQL
فوﺮﺤﻟا
 
ﻪﻟﺎﺤﻟ
 
ﻪﺳﺎﺴﺣ
 
 ﺮﯿ
 ﻏ
 
ق
 ﺮﻓ
 
ﺪﺟﻮﻳ
 
ﻻ
SELECT = select 
ﻰﻟﺎﺘﻟا
 
لوﺪﺠﻟا
 
ﻰﻠﻋ
 
لﺎﺜﻣ
: 
The database table "Persons":
 
 
LastName FirstName Address City
Hansen Ola Timoteivn 10 Sandnes
 
Svendson Tove Borgvn 23 Sandnes
 
Pettersen Kari Storgt 20 Stavanger
 ﺧأ
 
ﺪﻳﺮﻧ ﻢﺳﻷا
 
 رﺎﯿﺘ و
 
لوﻷا
 
 ﺮﯿﺧﻷا
 
 ﻢﺳﻷا
(FirstName , LastName) 
ﻰﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﻛ
 
ﻪﻠﻤﺠﻟا
 
ﺐﺘﻜﺗ
: 
SELECT LastName,FirstName FROM Persons
ﻰﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﻛ
 
ﺞﺗﺎﻨﻟا
 
نﻮﻜﻳو
: 
Result:
ﺠﯿﺘﻨﻟا
 
ﻪ
 
LastName FirstName
Hansen OlaSvendson Tove
 
Pettersen Kari
 ﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﻛ
 
ﺐﺘﻜﺗ
 
تﺎﻧﺎﯿﺒﻟا
 
ﻊﯿﻤﺟ
 
 رﺎﯿﺘﺧﻷﻰ
: 
SELECT * FROM Persons
ﻰﻟﺎﺘﻟﺎﻛ
 
ﻪﺠﯿﺘﻨﻟا
 
نﻮﻜﺗو
:
Result:
ﻪﺠﯿﺘﻨﻟا
 
LastName FirstName Address City
Hansen Ola Timoteivn 10 Sandnes
 
Svendson Tove Borgvn 23 Sandnes
 
Pettersen Kari Storgt 20 Stavanger

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