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Dynamic

# Dynamic

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06/19/2013

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Basic Structural Dynamicsand Seismic AnalysisPart II
Shahram PezeshkThe University of Memphis
CIVL7119/8119 -Earthquake Engineering
Displacement Response Spectrum
Response of a SDOF structure to earthquake can be writtenas
The solution
This is called Duhamel’sIntegral
mu cu ku mu
+ + =
&& & &&
( )
( )0
1( ) sin
g D D
u t u e t
ξω τ
ω τ τ ω
= −
∫
&&

Duhamel’sIntegral
•Valid for linear elastic SDOF systems•Divides the general load into an infinite number of infinitesimal impulse loads
Time
F  o  r  c  e
Total response is just the sum of the individual responsesResponse to a infinitesimalimpulse is:
)(sin)()(
τ ω ω τ τ
=
m pdv
[ ]
τ τ ζω τ ω τ  ω
p mv
D D
∫
=
0
)(exp)(sin)( 1)(
Time, t
F  o  r  c  e ,   F   (   t   )
1
3
2
0
F
2
F
1
1
δ
Time,
δ
=
F t
2 12 1

Equivalent Lateral Forces
Static Analysis
0
Overturning Moment
=
2
( ) ( ) ( )
s
t ku t mu
ω
= = −
0
V Base Shea
=
0
s
V f
=
0
s
hf
=
Response Spectrum
Where
(
) can be displacement, velocity, or acceleration
Response spectrum is a plot of
max
as a function of
or
ω
or f
Displacement Response Spectrum
=
d
=
max
Psuedo-Velocity Response Spectrum
v
=
ω
d
Psuedo-acceleration Response Spectrum
a
=
ω
2
d
=
ω
v
Max base shear
0,max
=
KS
d
=
ω
v
=
mS
a
Max Moment
0,max
=
hV
0,max