IN THE SUPREME COURT OF CALIFORNIA
) ) In re SERGIO C. GARCIA on Admission. ) S202512 ) ) ___________________________________ ) The Committee of Bar Examiners (Committee)
the entity within the State Bar of California (State Bar) that administers the California bar examination, investigates the qualifications of bar applicants, and certifies to this court candidates it finds qualified for admission to the State Bar
has submitted the name of Sergio C. Garcia (hereafter Garcia or applicant) for admission to the State
Bar. In conjunction with its certification, the Committee has brought to the court‟s attention the fact that Garcia‟s curre
nt immigration status is that of an undocumented immigrant,
and has noted that the question whether an
In this opinion, we
use the term “undocumented immigrant” to refer to a
non-United States citizen who is in the United States but who lacks the immigration status required by federal law to be lawfully present in this country and who has not been admitted on a temporary basis as a nonimmigrant. This category of persons has sometimes been referred to by other terms, such as unlawful, unauthorized, or illegal aliens or immigrants. Although no shorthand term may be perfect, the United States Supreme Court and the California
Legislature have at times used the term “undocumented immigrants” to refer to
this category of persons (see
Mohawk Industries v. Carpenter
(2009) 558 U.S.
100, 103 [“undocumented immigrants”]; Stats. 2001, ch.
814, § 1, subd. (a)(4), p.
6653 [“undocumented immigrant students”]; Stats. 2002, ch.
19, § 1, subd. (a)(4), p. 199 [same]), and this terminology avoids the potential problematical connotations of alternative terms. (See generally Legomsky, Immigration and Refugee Law and Policy (4th ed. 2005) pp. 9-11, 1192-1193.)
(Footnote continued on next page.)