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Thornton - S Korean Delegation on DoD CTR - Dec 2005

Thornton - S Korean Delegation on DoD CTR - Dec 2005

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Published by: Chuck Thornton on Sep 10, 2009
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1Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
Cooperative Threat Reduction:U.S. Department of Defense Implementation
 
Presentation to:South Korean DelegationWashington Seminar on Cooperative Threat ReductionCenter for Strategic and International Studies07 December 2005
Charles L. ThorntonCenter for International & Security StudiesSchool of Public Policy, University of Maryland 
2Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
My Background
2001 –Present : University of Maryland
Research Fellow; Ph.D. student
2001 –Present : Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC)
Consultant, DoD Cooperative Threat Reduction Program
1998 2001 : SAIC
Program Management Support, Russian Nuclear WeaponsProtection, Control, & Accounting, Cooperative Threat ReductionDirectorate, Defense Threat Reduction Agency
1994 1998 : SAIC
Policy & Program Management Support, FSU Nuclear Weapons &Fissile Material Security, Cooperative Threat Reduction Program,Office of the Secretary of Defense
3Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
Agenda
Origins of CTR
Program Overview
Implementation Process
Major Accomplishments
The views and data expressed in this presentation aremy own and do not necessarily reflect the views of my university, institute, company, or other affiliated organization. Moreover, the views and data expressed in this presentation should not be construed as official U.S. Government information or policy.
Contact Information:clt@umd.edu [through 2006]clthornton@yahoo.com [permanent]PO Box 60428, Potomac, Maryland 20859 USA+1 301 332 7869 [mobile]+1 202 318 7795 [fax –private line]
4Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
Origins of CTR
 
5Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
End of Cold War
End of Cold War, December 1991
Former Soviet Union (FSU) held largest stocks of WMD in theworld
Soviet Premier Gorbachev requested assistance in dismantlingnuclear weapons
US-Soviet legacy of arms control
“New”idea: cooperation through threat reduction assistance
Donor-Client Psychology
Russian pride
Other FSU states more willing: distancing from Moscow
6Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002Major Destruction & Dismantlement SiteChemical Weapons & Support FacilitySSBN BaseICBM Base (Silo)Mobile ICBM BaseProduction FacilitiesNon deployed ICBMsHeavy Bombers
KazakhstanRussiaUkraineBelarus
ICBMs:ICBM Launcher Pads:Warheads:9454~225ICBMs:ICBM Launchers:HBs:Warhead:25817636~1,984ICBMs:SLBMs:HBs:Warheads::1,3401,92487~11,29611510440~1,462ICBMs:ICBM Launchers:HBs:Warhead:
The Challenge: 1991 Nuclear & Chemical
7Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
CTR Legislation: Defining the Mission
It is in the National Security Interests of the United States:A) To facilitate on a priority basis the transportation, storage,safeguarding, and destruction of nuclear and other weapons inthe Soviet Union, its republics, and any successor states; andB) To assist in the prevention of weapons proliferation.
(Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991, PL 102-228)
8Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
DoD CTR Program Objectives
1. Assist Russia in accelerating strategic arms reduction to StrategicNuclear Arms Reduction Treaty (START) levels.2. Enhance safety, security, control, accounting, & centralization of nuclear weapons & fissile material in the former Soviet Union topreventtheir proliferation & encourage their reduction.3. Assist Ukraine & Kazakhstan to eliminate START limited systems &weapons of mass destruction infrastructure.4. Assist the former Soviet Union to eliminate & prevent proliferation of biological & chemical weapons & associated capabilities.5. Encourage military reductions & reform, & reduce proliferation threatsin the former Soviet Union.
 
9Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
Focus on the FSU
Initially concerned with four new countries:
Russia
Belarus
Kazakhstan
Ukraine
Later added additional FSU countries:
Uzbekistan; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Kyrgyzstan;Tajikistan; Moldova
Recent expansion beyond FSU:
Albania
10Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
Program Overview
 
11Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
EmergencyResponseSSBN/SLBMLauncher Elimination&Low LevelRadioactive WasteVolume ReductionLiquid PropellantDispositionLiquidPropellant Trans.HousingMC&A[Closed Out]
KrasnoyarskTurinskayaBolshoi KamenVanino
Arctic Nuclear Waste[Closed Out]CWDestruction
Moshkovo
 
ICBM SiloElimination Assistance
Shchuch’ye
DefenseConversionFissile MaterialStorage FacilityLiquidPropellant Trans.ICBMEliminationISTC[Transferred]Safety &SecurityElimination of Weapons GradePlutoniumSolid PropellantICBMs/SLBMs
Biysk
U.S. -RussiaOverview of CTR Implementation
SOAEEmergencyResponseEquipmentR&DFoundation[Closed Out]Defense &Military Contacts
PermSeverodvinskSaratovNerpaMayakMulyankaLatyshskayaRadaPibanshur EngelsSecha
Moscow
Heavy Bomber EliminationCW NeutralizationEvaluation
SurovatikhaVolgogradSergiev PosadVelikoe OzeroVotkinskBryanskZlatoustNenoksaYedrovoSt. PetersburgObninsk
 
Uzhur TomskNizhnaya SaldaRevdaZvezdochkaSevMashPavlovsky PosadIllinoDmitrovgradNovocheboksarskLuchKoltsovo (VECTOR)Tver ObolenskElektrostalSeverskyZheleznogorskBolshaya TuraZvezdaYuzhnorechenskDzerzhinsk
 
Export Control[Transferred]
WeaponsDismantlementProcessing
Nuclear WeaponsTransportation Security
Rail Cars• SupercontainersMovements
CW ProductionFacilityDismantlementBW ProliferationPreventionLiquid SLBMEliminationSNFDisposition
12Charles L. ThorntonDecember 2002
Eliminating Delivery Systems

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