Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
8Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chapter Two Issues, The Planting of English America, APUSH

Chapter Two Issues, The Planting of English America, APUSH

Ratings: (0)|Views: 677|Likes:
Published by Julie

More info:

Published by: Julie on Sep 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/21/2012

pdf

text

original

 
http://guidesbyjulie.blogspot.com/APUSH
Chapter Two: The Planting of English America
1.1.1.1.
 
What were the causes of the Irish Rebellion and its impact upon the attitudesWhat were the causes of the Irish Rebellion and its impact upon the attitudesWhat were the causes of the Irish Rebellion and its impact upon the attitudesWhat were the causes of the Irish Rebellion and its impact upon the attitudesEnglish soldiers had towards Native Americans?English soldiers had towards Native Americans?English soldiers had towards Native Americans?English soldiers had towards Native Americans?Following Queen Elizabeth’s ascendance to the English throne, Protestantismbecame the dominant religion in England.The Catholic Irish sought help from Catholic Spain to rebel against England. In1570 sand 1580s, Elizabeth’s troops crushed the Irish uprising.Catholic Irish lands were “planted” with new Protestant landlords from Scotlandand England.English soldiers in Ireland developed a sneering contempt for the “savage”natives. They saw the Irish as an uneducated people with no morals.Upon arriving in the New World, the English equated the Native Americans withthe Irish.2.2.2.2.
 
What were the causes for Spanish decline anWhat were the causes for Spanish decline anWhat were the causes for Spanish decline anWhat were the causes for Spanish decline and for English ascendency in thed for English ascendency in thed for English ascendency in thed for English ascendency in thebattle forbattle forbattle forbattle for world power? How did this impact colonization in North America?world power? How did this impact colonization in North America?world power? How did this impact colonization in North America?world power? How did this impact colonization in North America?The English privateers were able to severely diminish Spanish income from theirNew World colonies. Additionally, King Philip II used a large amount of money toamass the “Invincible Armada” to invade England. The attempt failed, markingthe beginning of the Spanish decline.Spain had “spread themselves too thinly” and was attempting to control a vastamount of land that was too far away for them to concretely rule. TheSpanish Netherlands began to clamor for independence and soon were able tobreak away from Spain. Spanish colonies were also gaining their own identities.Internal unrest coupled with inflation were additional problems.England’s success against the Armada led to England’s naval dominance in theNorth Atlantic. England now had:Strong, unified national state with a popular monarch Religious unity following the Elizabethan compromiseSense of nationalism, national destiny Golden age of literature
Shakespeare made occasional references toEngland’s American colonies3.3.3.3.
 
What factors and events of English history and culture contributed to theWhat factors and events of English history and culture contributed to theWhat factors and events of English history and culture contributed to theWhat factors and events of English history and culture contributed to theavailability of a colonizing element in Great Britain?availability of a colonizing element in Great Britain?availability of a colonizing element in Great Britain?availability of a colonizing element in Great Britain?Enclosure acts forced small farmers to leave, as landlords were “enclosing”croplands for sheep grazing.Primogeniture: the first son would gain all the wealth, while the other sons wereforced to seek their fortunes elsewhere, such as in the New World.The Separatists came to the New World for religious freedom.
** ** 
 
http://guidesbyjulie.blogspot.com/APUSH
Chapter Two: The Planting of English America
4.4.4.4.
 
What factors hindered the Powhatan Indians from effectively What factors hindered the Powhatan Indians from effectively What factors hindered the Powhatan Indians from effectively What factors hindered the Powhatan Indians from effectively resisting theresisting theresisting theresisting theencroachments of the English?encroachments of the English?encroachments of the English?encroachments of the English?Disease: epidemics of smallpox and measles diminished their population as well aslowered morale.Disorganization: despite “Powhatan’s Confederacy,” did not have enough unity toeffectively resist the well-organized and militarily disciplined Europeans.Disposability: Powhatans served no economic function to the Europeans, unlikethe Natives whom the Spaniards had encountered in the South. They were nota reliable labor source and had no commodities to trade. Presence even tookaway land from the Europeans.5.5.5.5.
 
What caused the extreme mortality of the Jamestown colony?What caused the extreme mortality of the Jamestown colony?What caused the extreme mortality of the Jamestown colony?What caused the extreme mortality of the Jamestown colony?Jamestown built on malarial banks of the James River: infested withmosquitoes carrying malaria and yellow fever.Settlers also died of malnutrition and starvation, with most settlers wastingtime searching for nonexistent gold. Led to extreme food shortages.6.6.6.6.
 
What was the impact of tobacco upon the Jamestown colony and tidewaterWhat was the impact of tobacco upon the Jamestown colony and tidewaterWhat was the impact of tobacco upon the Jamestown colony and tidewaterWhat was the impact of tobacco upon the Jamestown colony and tidewaterVirginia?Virginia?Virginia?Virginia?Tobacco was in high demand in England. As a result, Virginia colonistsexclusively concentrated on planting tobacco. Pressed frontier of settlement up to river valleys in west, pushing onto Native American lands.Put Virginia on firm economic foundations, but enchained fortunes of Virginia tofluctuating price of single crop.When planted in successive years, tobacco depleted soil’s nutrients. Alsopromoted plantation system and demand for fresh labor. Began North Americanslave system.7.7.7.7.
 
What was Lord Baltimore’s purpose for issuing the Act of Toleration?What was Lord Baltimore’s purpose for issuing the Act of Toleration?What was Lord Baltimore’s purpose for issuing the Act of Toleration?What was Lord Baltimore’s purpose for issuing the Act of Toleration? WhatWhatWhatWhatwas the extent of toleration?was the extent of toleration?was the extent of toleration?was the extent of toleration?Upon an influx of Protestants into Maryland, Lord Baltimore issued the Act ofToleration, which guaranteed toleration to all Christians, along with the deathpenalty for all Jews and atheists.He wanted to protect the Catholic minority 
the bill successfully appeased theMaryland Catholics for a time.Once the colonial era ended, Maryland most likely sheltered more RomanCatholics than any other English colony in the New World.There were still disagreements between the Protestants and Catholics.8.8.8.8.
 
WhatWhatWhatWhat was the basis of the British West Indies economy? What was thewas the basis of the British West Indies economy? What was thewas the basis of the British West Indies economy? What was thewas the basis of the British West Indies economy? What was theeconomic relationship between British North America and the British Westeconomic relationship between British North America and the British Westeconomic relationship between British North America and the British Westeconomic relationship between British North America and the British WestIndies?Indies?Indies?Indies?
** 
 
http://guidesbyjulie.blogspot.com/APUSH
Chapter Two: The Planting of English America
The British West Indies economy was based on sugar. Tobacco was to theChesapeake what sugar cane was to the Caribbean. However, tobacco waseasily planted, harvestable within a year, and only required simple processing.Sugar cane, on the other hand, had to be planted extensively in order to yieldcommercially viable quantities of sugar. Required extensive land clearing as wellas refinery. Capital-intensive due to need for land and labor (landclearing/operating mills).In a secondary way, they were also based on a slave economy. Auctions wouldtake place
as a result, owners practiced selective breeding on slaves.West Indies relied on North American mainland for foodstuffs and other basicsupplies. Colonies would supply raw materials, while the Indies would providesugar.9.9.9.9.
 
What was the impact of the British Civil War on the American coloniesWhat was the impact of the British Civil War on the American coloniesWhat was the impact of the British Civil War on the American coloniesWhat was the impact of the British Civil War on the American colonies? ...of? ...of? ...of? ...ofthe Restoration?the Restoration?the Restoration?the Restoration?1640s-English Civil War between Oliver Cromwell’s Roundheads and King CharlesI’ Cavaliers. Cromwell ruled England for nearly a decade before Charles IIwas restored to the throne in 1660.Colonization interrupted during civil unrest; afterwards, the Crown was moredirectly involved in the government of the colonies.Carolina formally created after king granted to eight of his court favorites, theLords Proprietors, an expanse of wilderness ribboning across the continent tothe Pacific.10.10.10.10.
 
How did the Carolina “Proprietors” deal with Native Americans? What was theHow did the Carolina “Proprietors” deal with Native Americans? What was theHow did the Carolina “Proprietors” deal with Native Americans? What was theHow did the Carolina “Proprietors” deal with Native Americans? What was thesocial order of the colony and on what was its economy based?social order of the colony and on what was its economy based?social order of the colony and on what was its economy based?social order of the colony and on what was its economy based?Many original Carolina settlers were from Barbados, brought island’s slavesystem with them. Enlisted aid of coastal Savannah Indians and went intointerior of continent to find captives.Lord Proprietors protested against Native American slave trading, but became amajor export. As many as ten thousand Natives were dispatched to lifelonglabor in the West Indian canefields and sugar mills. Others sent to NewEngland. One RI town in 1730 counted more than 200 slaves from Carolina.In 1707, Savannah Indians decided to migrate to backcountry of Maryland andPennsylvania, where Quakers promised equality. However, Carolinians annihilatedIndian tribes by 1710 prior to their departure.Economy based on rice, a principal export crop. Hot and swampy riceplantations required African slaves experienced in rice cultivation.Aristocracy in Charleston area, poorer farmers in the backcountry as well asNorth Carolina. Large slave population.
** ** ** 

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
wrenet1231503 liked this
Dreaming Xu liked this
ssssung_ liked this
rosiegutierrez liked this
chipmk liked this
coffee494 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->