Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
48Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
A Level French Grammar Sample Chapter - Atouts for AQA A level French

A Level French Grammar Sample Chapter - Atouts for AQA A level French

Ratings: (0)|Views: 3,315|Likes:
Take a look at this FREE sample chapter from Atouts - the A level French course for AQA specification. In this free sample chapter for A2 French students, you can find rules regarding the future perfect tense, and some rules for inversion. In addition try these FREE practice activities to really get a grip on your French Grammar.

To find out more, see more samples or order our A2 French Grammar books, visit us here http://www.pearsonschoolsandfecolleges.co.uk/Secondary/ModernLanguages/French/Atouts/Try/Try.aspx
Take a look at this FREE sample chapter from Atouts - the A level French course for AQA specification. In this free sample chapter for A2 French students, you can find rules regarding the future perfect tense, and some rules for inversion. In addition try these FREE practice activities to really get a grip on your French Grammar.

To find out more, see more samples or order our A2 French Grammar books, visit us here http://www.pearsonschoolsandfecolleges.co.uk/Secondary/ModernLanguages/French/Atouts/Try/Try.aspx

More info:

Published by: Pearson Schools and FE Colleges on Sep 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

08/11/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 The
uture perect
reers to an action or event in the uture which will have happened beore anotheraction or event, e.g.
Quand il arrivera en France, il 
aura
déjà
trouvé
un emploi.
(When he arrives inFrance he will already have ound a job.)Remember that, whereas in English ‘when’ reerring to the uture is ollowed by the present tense, inFrench the uture tense is used to express uture actions ater
quand 
. See p. 54 to revise the use o theuture ater
quand 
.Sometimes the uture perect is translated by the
perect tense in English
, e.g.
Il cherchera un emploi quand 
il aura fni 
son apprentissage.
(He will look or a job when
he has fnished
(will have nished)his apprenticeship.) In this case you have to think careully about the meaning o the sentence tomake sure you choose the correct French tense. The uture perect is a compound tense and ollows the same rules as the perect tense or thechoice o the
auxiliary verb
, the
agreement
o the past participle and the
position
o the verb inthe sentence (negative, adverbs, etc.). The only dierence is that the
auxiliary
verb is in the
uture
 tense. Revise pp. 20 and 23 to make sure you know which auxiliary verb to use, how to make the pastparticiple agree and the position o adverbs.
fnirallersinscrire
 jaurai nije serai allé(e)je me serai inscrit(e)tu auras nitu seras allé(e)tu te seras inscrit(e)il/elle/on aura niil/elle on sera allé(e)il/elle/on se sera inscrit(e)nous aurons ninous serons allé(e)snous nous serons inscrit(e)svous aurez nivous serez allé(e)(s)vous vous serez inscrit(e)(s)ils/elles auront niils/elles seront allé(e)sils/elles se seront inscrit(e)sIn subordinate clauses beginning with conjunctions such as
quand, lorsque, dès que
and
aussitôt que
the uture perect denotes that the action will have been completed beore the action o themain clause.He will nish his apprenticeship. He will look or a job.He will look or a job as soon as he has nished (he will have nished) his apprenticeship.
Il nira son apprentissage. Il cherchera un emploi.Il cherchera un emploi dès qu’il 
aura fni 
son apprentissage.
 They will nish preparing the meals. They will open the doors. They will open the doors as soon as they have nished (they will have nished) preparing the meals.
Ils niront de préparer les repas. Ils ouvriront les portes.Ils ouvriront les portes aussitôt qu’ils
auront fni 
de préparer les repas.
quatre-vingt-dix 
90
    A    2
      O    c     t    o      b    e    r
39Le futur antérieur
(The future perfect)
1a
Write the sentences in the singular.
1 Ils auront quitté leur bidonville.2 Vous aurez réussi à trouver un emploi.3 Elles ne se seront pas battues pour rien.4 Nous n’aurons pas perdu espoir.5 Ils seront descendus dans la rue.
1b
Make all possible elements o the sentencesplural.
6 J’aurai mis n à la bagarre.7 Tu auras choisi un meilleur copain.8 Le propriétaire n’aura pas augmenté le loyer.9 Mon voisin ne se sera pas disputé avec elle.10 Je serai sorti de la misère.
 
2
Complete the sentences with the correct auxiliaryin the uture tense.
1 Il trouvé un logement.2 Nous gagné assez d’argent.3 Je n’ pas perdu conance en moi.4 Ses parents appris le rançais.5 Vous n’ pas cessé d’espérer.6 Il allé à l’ANPE.7 Je retournée au travail.8 Ils ne pas venus pour rien.9 Nous nous inscrits au chômage.10 La situation ne se pas aggravée.
3
Complete the sentences with the uture perecto the verbs provided.
1 Elle sera moins démunie quand elledu travail.
(trouver)
2 Quand ils de prison, ilsessaieront de rester sur le droit chemin.
(sortir)
3 Dès que nous nospasseports, nous partirons en Arique.
(recevoir)
4 Comme d’habitude, la police arrivera quand lesdélinquants
(disparaître)
5 Quand vous tout, la cité sera encore pire.
(casser)
6 Nous ne sortirons que quand la policele calme.
(ramener)
7 Lorsque tu assez d’argent,tu pourras aller vivre ailleurs.
(économiser)
8 Aussitôt que tout le mondela pétition, nous la porterons au maire.
(signer)
9 Quand ils de la drogue, ilsse sentiront encore plus mal.
(prendre)
10 Nous pourrons trouver un appartement dès quenous à la mairie.
(s’inscrire)
4
Rewrite the sentences using the conjunctions inbrackets + uture perect. Note that the order o the sentences may need to change.
Je mangerai. Je sortirai.
(quand)
Je sortirai quand j’aurai mangé.
1 Vous trouverez un emploi. Vous aurez plusd’argent.
(quand)
2 Il préparera les repas. Il ouvrira les portes ducentre aux SDF.
(dès que)
3 Ils serviront des repas chauds. Ils nettoieront lecentre.
(aussitôt que)
4 Nous nirons notre stage. Nous deviendronsbénévoles.
(lorsque)
5 Le gouvernement ouvrira plus d’abris. Plus deSDF pourront dormir au chaud.
(quand)
6 Tu trouveras un domicile xe. Tu pourrast’inscrire à l’ANPE.
(aussitôt que)
7 Ils s’installeront dans un endroit sec. Ilsdormiront.
(lorsque)
8 Elle ira au marché. Elle aura de quoi manger.
(quand)
9 Je
(.)
m’inscrirai au chômage. J’aurai un revenuxe.
(dès que)
10 On touchera l’allocation logement. On paiera leloyer.
(aussitôt que)
5a
Translate into English.
1 Il achètera une moto dès qu’il aura passé sonpermis.2 Ils sortiront de prison aussitôt qu’ils auront nileur peine.3 Nous comprendrons mieux les problèmes desSDF lorsque nous serons allés dans un Resto duCœur.4 Vous trouverez peut-être un emploi quand vousvous serez inscrit à l’ANPE.5 Je me sentirai moins opprimé lorsque je n’auraiplus à vivre dans un quartier déavorisé.
5b
Translate into French.
6 They will buy a at when they have savedenough money.7 He will have worked as a volunteer beorending a job.8 I think that she will have lost her job because o it.9 You (
vous
) will not have nished your prisonsentence when you are 60 years old.10 I will like this suburb as soon as I have livedthere or a ew months.
quatre-vingt-onze
91
    A    2
      O    c     t    o      b    e    r
 
 The normal word order in a sentence is subject (noun or pronoun) + verb, e.g.
Les banlieuesdéavorisées posent 
de nombreux problèmes.
 
Ils
 
rejettent 
souvent le mode de vie de leurs parents.
In inversion, the noun or pronoun ollows its verb. This may happen or various reasons:
A
 To turn a sentence into a
question
(see p. 16).
Ils vont mettre n à la violence.
Vont-ils
mettre n à la violence? 
B
Ater question words such as
combien de, quand, où, pourquoi 
, etc., e.g.
Combien de ois
avez-vous essayé
(See p. 16.)
C
Ater
direct speech
, e.g.
«Je n’ai pas pris part à la maniestation»,
a-t-il dit 
.
(‘I did not take part in thedemonstration,’
he said
.)
 
«La situation devient intenable»,
a expliqué un résidant 
.
(‘The situation isbecoming untenable,’
explained a resident
.)
D
In sentences introduced by adverbs such as
à peine
(hardly),
aussi 
(and so),
ainsi 
(in this way),
en vain
(in vain),
 peut-être
(perhaps), and
 sans doute
(no doubt), e.g.
Sans doute
deviendra-t-il 
  policier.
(No doubt
he will become
a police ofcer.)
Peut-être
ont-ils vu
ce qui s’était passé.
(Perhaps
they saw
what happened.)
En vain
a-t-elle essayé
de s’intégrer 
. (In vain did she try to integrate.)
Ater
 peut-être
, inversion can be avoided by the use o 
que
, e.g.
Peut-être que
le maire trouveraune solution.
(Perhaps the mayor will nd a solution.)
Ater
à peine
 ,
que
is usually used beore the
second
verb, e.g.
 À peine
était-il 
arrivé
qu’ 
elle est  partie.
 
(Hardly had he arrived
when
she let./No sooner had he arrived
than
she let.)
E
In good French style ater
que, ce que, dont 
and
when the subject is a noun, e.g.
Legouvernement ne comprend pas vraiment 
ce que veulent les jeunes
.
(The government does notreally understand
what young people want
.) To use inversion correctly, note these urther points:
To avoid having two vowels together (e.g.
a-elle
)
-t-
is placed between the verb and
the pronoun
,e.g.
Elle a
 
 A-t-elle? 
Inversion is not normally used with
 je
in the present tense, except with some common irregularverbs, e.g.
Suis-je? Ai-je? Puis-je? 
In this case the question is ormed with
est-ce que
(see p. 16), e.g.
 Je gagne assez.
 
Est-ce que jegagne assez? 
There is
no
Inversion in sentences beginning with
 jamais
and
non seulement 
, although it is neededin the equivalent English expressions, e.g.
Non seulement 
il est 
au chômage mais il n’a pas delogement non plus.
(Not only is he unemployed but he does not have lodgings either.)
In
simple tenses
(present, uture, imperect, etc.) the pronoun ollows the verb, and is linked by ahyphen, e.g.
Gagnez-vous
assez d’argent? 
In
compound tenses
(perect, pluperect, etc.) the pronoun ollows the
auxiliary
verb, e.g.
Ont-ils
 trouvé un emploi? 
With verbs ollowed by an
infnitive
the pronoun ollows the
conjugated
verb, e.g.
 Allons-nous
 gagner le SMIC? 
 
Comment 
 peuvent-ils
vivre dans de telles conditions? 
In questions and ater adverbs (points A, B, and D), i the subject is a
noun
, it is placed beore theinverted verb + appropriate pronoun, e.g.
Le gouvernement 
a-t-il 
pris les mesures nécessaires? 
Note that:
Est-ce que le gouvernement a pris les mesures nécessaires? 
is an acceptable alternative.
In the
negative
orm place
ne … pas
around the inverted verb and pronoun, e.g.
Ne
travaille-t-il 
 pas
’ont-ils
 pas
pris part aux émeutes? 
quatre-vingt-douze
92
    A    2
      O    c     t    o      b    e    r
 40L’inversion
(Inversion)

Activity (48)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
karaouilaid liked this
shahzad jalbani liked this
Anamozart liked this
premprakash145 liked this
rocky21st liked this
aacr liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->