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Estilo Indirecto, apuntes

Estilo Indirecto, apuntes

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Published by: silkilam on Sep 11, 2009
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11/07/2012

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p. 1
ESTILO INDIRECTO
El estilo indirecto consiste en contar lo que ha dicho alguiensin repetir sus mismas palabras, sino usando las nuestras.1º)Si el verbo que introduce la oración en estilo indirecto es
say
o
tell
, puede omitirse la conjunción
that
. Si se trata de otroverbo, hay que poner la conjunción.2º)Si el verbo introductor está en
 presente simple
,
presente perfecto
o
futuro
, no hay que cambiar los tiempos de la oraciónque se pasa a estilo indirecto.3º)Si el verbo introductor está en un tiempo pasado, se cambianlos tiempos de la oración original de la siguiente manera:Estilo directoEstilo indirectoPresente simplePasado simple
1
Presente contínuoPasado contínuoPresente perfectoPasado perfectoPresente perfecto contínuoPasado perfecto contínuoPasado simplePasado perfecto
2
Pasado contínuoPasado perfecto contínuo
3
Pasado perfectoPasado perfectoFuturoCondicional
4
CondicionalCondicionalam/is/are going towas/were going toEl presente simple puede permanecer sin cambios si se trata de
1
una "verdad universal".
Peter said, 'The sky is blue'.Peter said that the sky is/was blue.
El pasado simple NO cambia si en estilo directo describe una
2
situación que todavía existe cuando se transmite la frase enestilo indirecto.
She said, 'I didn't buy the book because it was very bad'.
 
She said she hadn't bought the book because it was very bad.
El pasado contínuo NO cambia, excepto si se refiere a una
3
acción que, en el momento de hacer la frase en estiloindirecto, ya está terminada.
She said,'I was thinking of going to Madrid but I haven'tgone'.She said she had been thinking of going to Madrid but shehadn't gone.
(Ella lo estaba pensando, pero, cuando yo locuento, ya ha dejado a un lado esa idea)NINGUNO de estos dos últimos tiempos cambia, si aparecen en
 
p. 2oraciones subordinadas temporales. El verbo de la oraciónprincipal puede cambiar a pasado perfecto o quedarse comoestaba.
He said, 'When we were living/lived in Paris we often sawPaul'.He said that when they were living/lived in Paris they oftensaw/had often seen Paul.
El futuro simple, en primera persona, cambia normalmente a
4
condicional con
 would 
, pero si la persona que utiliza el estiloindirecto es la misma que pronunció la frase en estilo directo,puede utilizarse
should 
.
'I shall be here tomorrow', said Tom.Tom said he would be there the following day.'I shall be here tomorrow', said I.I said I should/would be there the following day. VERBOS MODALES EN ESTILO INDIRECTO
Estilo directoEstilo indirectocancouldcould (habilidad presente)couldcould (habilidad futura)could/would be able tocould (habilidad pasada)could/had been able tocould (permiso en condicional 2º)could/would be allowed tocould (permiso en el pasado)could/had been able towas/were allowed tocould (habilidad en cond. 2º)could/would be able tocould (habilidad en cond. 3º)couldmaymightmust (deducción)mustmust (orden permanente)mustmust (obligación)must/had towillwouldshallshould/would (ver futuro)mightmight
1
should (obligación, deducción)should
2
ought to (obligación, deducción)ought to
2
wouldwould
3
used toused toneedn'tneedn't/didn't have toMight, usado para hacer una petición, se cambia en estilo
1
indirecto como sigue: asked + pron. compl. + to + V.
'You might post this letter for me', he said.He asked me to post that letter for him.
Should/ought to, usados para dar un consejo, se convierten en
2
la siguiente estructura: advised + pron. compl. + to + V.
 
p. 3
'You should read that book', he said.
 
He advised me to read that book.
Would, usado en frases como
If I were you I would...
, se pasa
3
a estilo indirecto como should y ought to.
'If I were you I'd wait', I said.I advised him to wait.EXPRESIONES DE TIEMPO Y LUGAR 
Estilo directoEstilo indirectonowthen, at that momenttonightthat nighttodaythat dayyesterdaythe day beforethe day before yesterdaytwo days beforetomorrowthe following/next daythe day after tomorrowin two days' timenext week/year...the followingweek/year...last week/year...the previous week/year...the week/year before(a year) ago(a year) beforeheretherethisthat /theHay que tener en cuenta que, si se dice una frase hoy y se repitehoy mismo en estilo indirecto, NO se cambian las expresiones detiempo. Con here ocurre igual: si el lugar donde me dijeron algoes el mismo en que yo lo repito, no tengo que cambiarlo por there.Si la frase en estilo indirecto resulta confusa, se pueden cambiaro añadir palabras hasta que resulte clara.NOTA: El pasado simple que aparece detrás de wish, wouldrather, would sooner, it is time..., I/he/she/we/they hadbetter NO CAMBIA; you had better puede dejarse sin cambio obien usar advise + complemento + infinitivo con to:
'We wish we didn't have to take exams', said the children.The children said they wished they didn't have to take exams. Ann said, 'I'd rather he went with a group'. Ann said she'd rather he went with a group.'It's time we began doing an exercise', said the teacher.The teacher said it was time they began doing an exercise.

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