Comparison of Selection-Type Items and Essay
Encourages students to organize,integrate, and express their ownideas.Encourages students toremember, interpret, and use theideas of others.Probableeffect onlearningWriting ability and bluffing.Reading ability and guessing.FactorsdistortingscoresSubjective, difficult and lessreliable.Objective, simple, and highlyreliable.ScoringPreparation of good items isdifficult but easier than selection-type items.Preparation of good items isdifficult and time consuming.Preparationof ItemsThe use of a small number of itemslimits coverage, which makesrepresentative sampling of contentinfeasible.The use of a large number of items results in broad coverage,which makes representativesampling of content feasibleSampling of content
Inefficient for measuringknowledge outcomes
Best for ability to organize,integrate and express ideas.
Good for measuring outcomes atthe knowledge, comprehension,and application levels
Inadequate for organizing andexpressing ideasLearningoutcomesmeasuredEssay QuestionsSelection-Type Items