Hadith 2: Foundation of the Sunnah
Umar ibn Al-Khattab reported: One day while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah there appeared before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly white and whose hair was exceedingly black; no signs of journeying were to be seen on him and none of us knew him. He walked up and sat down by
the prophet. Resting his knees against his and placing the palms of his hands on his thighs, he said, “O
tell me about Islam.” The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
Islam is to witness that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to establish prayer, to give the alms, the fast the month of Ramadan, and to perform pilgrimage to the House if he is capable of travel.
The man said, “You have spoken rightly,” and we were amazed at him asking him and saying that he had spoken rightly. Then he said, “Tell me about faith.” The Prophet said:
Faith is to believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and to believe in the providence
of both good and evil.
The man said, “You have spoken rightly. Then tell me about excellence.” The Prophet said:
is to worship Allah as if you see Him, for verily, He sees you
The man said, “Then tell me about the Hour.” The Prophet said:
The one who is asked does not know more than the one asking.
The man said, “Then tell me about its signs.” The Prophet said:
When the slave girl gives birth to her master, when the naked and barefooted will become chiefs of the people, and when the shepherds of black camels will exult themselves in constructing building.
Then he left and I stayed for a time. Then the Prophet said:
O Umar, do you know who the questioner was?
I said, “Allah and His messenger know best.” He said:
He was Gabriel, who came to teach the people their religion.
Source: Sahih Muslim 4, Grade: