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Slackware Linux EssentialsO Guia Oficial do Slackware LinuxProjeto de tradu¸ao do Slackbook para Portuguˆes do BrasilSlackbookptbr -
h
ttp://slackbookptbr.sf.net
Vers˜ ao: 1.0.2 
 
ii
Slackware Linux Essentials
Segunda Edi¸aoPublica¸ao: Maio 2005isbn: 1-57176-338-4
Slackware Linux Essentials, Second Edition
Copyrightc
1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005 Slackware Linux, Inc.All rights reserved. Printed in Canada.Published by Slackware Linux, Inc., 1164 Claremont Drive, Brentwood, CA 94513
Lead Author, Second Edition:
Alan Hicks.
Editors, Second Edition:
Murray Stokely and FuKang Chen.
Authors, First Edition:
Chris Lumens, David Cantrell, and Logan Johnson.
Print History:
June, 2000 First EditionMay, 2005 Second EditionSlackware Linux is a registered trademark of Patrick Volkerding and Slackware Linux, Inc.Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.America Online and AOL are registered trademarks of America Online, Inc. in the United States and/orother countries.Apple, FireWire, Mac, Macintosh, Mac OS, Quicktime, and TrueType are trademarks of Apple Computer,Inc., registered in the United States and other countries.IBM, AIX, EtherJet, Net?nity, OS/2, PowerPC, PS/2, S/390, and ThinkPad are trademarks of InternationalBusiness Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.IEEE, POSIX, and 802 are registered trademarks of Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.in the United States. Intel, Celeron, EtherExpress, i386, i486, Itanium, Pentium, and Xeon are trademarks orregistered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries.Microsoft, IntelliMouse, MS-DOS, Outlook, Windows, Windows Media and Windows NT are either registe-red trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.Netscape and the Netscape Navigator are registered trademarks of Netscape Communications Corporationin the U.S. and other countries.Red Hat, RPM, are trademarks or registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc. in the United States and othercountries.XFree86 is a trademark of The XFree86 Project, Inc.Many of the designations used by manufacturers and sellers to distinguish their products are claimed astrademarks. Where those designations appear in this document, and Slackware Linux, Inc. was aware of thetrademark claim, the designations have been followed by the ”’tm”’ or the
R
symbol.
 
Sum´ario
1.1 O que ´e o Linux ?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.2 Uma palavrinha sobre GNU. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.3 O que ´e o Slackware?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51.4 C´odigo Aberto e Software Livre. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
2.1 Ajuda do Sistema. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92.1.1 man. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92.1.2 O direorio /usr/doc/. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.1.3 HOWTOs e mini-HOWTOs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.2 Ajuda Online. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.2.1 O Site Oficial e os F´orums de Ajuda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102.2.2 Suporte por E-mail. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112.2.3 Sites ao-oficiais e F´oruns de ajuda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3.1 Obtendo o Slackware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133.1.1 A caixa com os discos Oficiais. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133.1.2 Atrav´es da Internet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143.2 Requisitos para Instala¸ao. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 3.2.1 As S´eries do Software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143.2.2 etodos de Instala¸ao. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 3.2.3 Disco de Boot. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163.2.4 Disco de Root. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163.2.5 Disco Complementar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163.2.6 Criando os discos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173.3 Particionamento. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173.4 O programa setup. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193.4.1 HELP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203.4.2 KEYMAP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203.4.3 ADDSWAP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213.4.4 TARGET. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213.4.5 SOURCE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223.4.6 SELECT. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223.4.7 INSTALL. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233.4.8 CONFIGURE. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
4.1 Vis˜ao Geral do Sistema. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314.1.1 Layout do Sistema de Arquivos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314.1.2 Encontrando Arquivos. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324.1.3 O Direorio /etc/rc.d/. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334.2 Selecionando um Kernel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354.2.1 O direorio /kernels no CD-ROM do Slackware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354.2.2 Compilando um Kernel a partir do c´odigo-fonte. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364.2.3 Utilizando os odulos do Kernel. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38iii

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