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Intro to Data Comm

Intro to Data Comm

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Published by Chinchay Guinto

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Chinchay Guinto on Sep 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Data communication ConceptsWhat is Data?
– Elements that can be represented by a finite set of symbols, such as digits or alphabets
What Is Communication?
- Transmission of information between two parties.
4 Basic Elements involved in communication
Sender – initiates the communication.Medium – is the mechanism by which the communication is conveyed to the receiver.Receiver – receives the communication.Message – is the information content that is transferred between the sender and thereceiver via the medium.(e.g. telephone conversation)
Human Communication vs. Data Communication
Human communication is richer, less predictable–Words vary in meaning with context–Many factors influence meaning and perception of messageData communication is more precise–Exact replication of information
Is a general term for the electronic transmission of information in any type includingtelevision, pictures, sound and facsimiles and data in the form of electronic signals orimpulses, sent as an individual message between two parties or as a broadcast to bereceived at many locations.
Data Communication Concepts
Data Communication is the process of transferring digital information (usually in binaryform) between two or more points.
Simplified Block Diagram of Data Communication System
InformationSourceInformationDestinationTransmission Medium
General Description of a Data Communications System
A data communications system can be described simply in terms of threecomponents.Transmitter – A transmitter can be any circuit or electronic device designed to sendelectronically encoded data to another location. Transmitter can also be called as the source.Transmission Path or Channel – A path or a link through which information passes betweentwo devices. In communications, a medium for transferring information also known as a lineor a circuit. A communication channel can carry information in many forms such as data,sound and/or video in either digital or analog form.Receiver – In data communications sense, a receiver could be any device designed toreceive any conveyed message from the transmitter or the source. (occasionally called assink)
2 Types of Communication
One-way communication - the role of the source and the sink may not interchange.Two-way communication – the source and the sink may interchange roles that is, the samepiece of equipment may transmit and receive data simultaneously. 
Therefore, it is easier to think of a data communication system between point A and B in terms of The Universal Seven-Part Circuit of Data Communication System.
The Universal Seven-Part Circuit of Data Communication System
1.The Data Terminal Equipment (DTE) at point A2.The interface between the DTE and the Data Circuit-terminating Equipment (DCE oroften Data communication Equipment) at point A3.The DCE at point A4.The transmission channel between points A and B5.The DCE at point B6.The DCE-DTE interface at point B7.The DTE at point BDTEDCEDCEDTEPOINT APOINT BDTEDCE INTERFACEDCEDTE INTERFACETransmission Channel
Data Terminal Equipment (DTE)
Equipment that constitutes the data source, data sink or both. It includes any pieceof equipment (at which communication path begins or ends) or any device that transmits orreceives data.Ex. Terminal or PC
Data Communication Equipment (DCE)
Equipment that provides all the functions required establishing, maintaining andterminating a connection. It also provides signal conversion and coding conversion betweenDTE and the common carrier’s lines.Ex. MODEMS
The term MODEM is an acronym for modulator/demodulator. The primary modemfunction is to convert digital data into analog form, which is suitable for transmission oncommon carrier circuits. Modulation is the Digital-to-Analog conversion in which the digital isplaced on the transmission line by modulation of a tone or carrier. Demodulation is thereverse process.
DTE-DCE Interface
The DTE-DCE interfaces consist of several input/output circuitries in the DCE and in the DTE,and the connectors and cables that connect them. In most systems, this interface conformsto the RS-232C standard as publish BY Electronics Industries Association (EIA) in the DCEinterface.

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