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Community Health Nursing Reviewer

Community Health Nursing Reviewer

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Published by deric

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Published by: deric on Sep 12, 2009
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09/10/2013

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COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING
I - Definition of Terms
Community
- derived from a latin word “comunicas” which meansa group of people.
a group of people with common characteristics or interestsliving together within a territory or geographical boundary
place where people under usual conditions are found
Health
- is the OLOF (Optimum Level of Functioning)
Community Health
- part of paramedical and medical intervention/approach which is concernedon the health of the whole population
Aims:
1. health promotion2. disease prevention3. management of factors affecting health
Nursing
- both profession & a vocation. Assisting sick individuals to become healthy and healthyindividuals achieve optimum wellness
II - Community Health Nursing
The utilization of the nursing process in the different levels of clientele-individuals,families, population groups and communities, concerned with the promotion of health,prevention of disease and disability and rehabilitation.
Goal:
“To raise the level of citizenry by helping communities and families to cope with thediscontinuities in and threats to health in such a way as to maximize their potential for high-level wellness”
MISSION OF CHN
Health Promotion
Health Protection
Health Balance
Disease prevention
Social Justice
PHILOSOPHY OF CHN
The philosophy of CHN is based on the worth and dignity on the worth and dignity of man.
Principles of Community Health:
1. The community is the patient in CHN, the family is the unit of care and there are four levels of clientele: individual, family, population group (those who share common characteristics,developmental stages and common exposure to health problems – e.g. children, elderly), andthe community.2. In CHN, the client is considered as an ACTIVE partner NOT PASSIVE recipient of care3. CHN practice is affected by developments in health technology, in particular, changes insociety, in general4. The goal of CHN is achieved through multi-sectoral efforts5. CHN is a part of health care system and the larger human services system.
Role of CH Nurse:
Clinician - who is a health care provider, taking care of the sick people at home or inthe RHU
Health Advocator – speaks on behalf of the client
Advocator – act on behalf of the client
Supervisor - who monitors and supervises the performance of midwives
Facilitator - who establishes multi-sectoral linkages by referral system
Collaborator – working with other health team member 
COMMON PROCEDURE IN CHN:
HOME VISIT
BAG TECHNIQUE
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STERILIZATION
SPECIMEN COLLECTION- URINE- FECES- SPUTUM
Levels of Client in CHN:
1. Application of Nursing Process to:
1.a Family1.a.1 Family Coping Index
Physical Independence - ability of the family to move in & out of bed &performed activities of daily living
Therapeutic Independence - ability of the family to comply with the therapeuticregimen (diet, medication & usage of appliances)
Knowledge of Health Condition- wisdom of the family to understand the diseaseprocess
Application of General &Personal Hygiene- ability of the family to performhygiene & maintain environment conducive for living
Emotional Competence – ability of the family to make decision maturely &appropriately (facing the reality of life)
Family Living Pattern- the relationship of the family towards each other with love,respect & trust
Utilization of Community Resources – ability of the family to know the function &existence of resources within the vicinity
Health Care Attitude – relationship of the family with the health care provider 
Physical Environment – ability of the family to maintain environment conducivefor living
1.a.2 Family Life Cycle
Stage I – Beginning Family (newly wed couples)TASK: compliance with the PD 965 & acceptance of the new member of the family
Stage II – Early Child Bearing Family(0-30 months old)TASK: emphasize the importance of pregnancy & immunization & learn the conceptof parenting
Stage III –Family with Pre- school Children (3-6yrs old)TASK: learn the concept of responsible parenthood
Stage IV – Family with School age Children (6-12yrs old)TASK: Reinforce the concept of responsible parenthood
Stage V - Family with Teen Agers (13-25yrs old)TASK: Parents to learn the concept of “let go system” and understands the“generation gap”
Stage VI – Launching Center (1
st
child will get married up to the last child)TASK: compliance with the PD 965 & acceptance of the new member of the family
Stage VII -Family with Middle Adult parents (36-60yrs old)TASK: provide a healthy environment, adjust with a new lifestyle and adjust with thefinancial aspect
Stage VIII – Aging Family (61yrs old up to death)TASK: learn the concept of death positively
1.b
Community
COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT:
Status
Structure
Process
TYPES OF COMMUNITY ASSESSMENT:1.COMMUNITY DIAGNOSIS
A process by which the nurse collects data about the community in order toidentify factors which may influence the deaths and illnesses of the population, toformulate a community health nursing diagnosis and develop and implementcommunity health nursing interventions and strategies.
32
 
2 Types:Comprehensive Community DiagnosisProblem-Oriented Community Diagnosis-
aims to obtain general information about thecommunity- type of assessment responds to a particular need
STEPS:
Preparatory Phase1.site selection2.preparation of the community3.statement of the objectives4.determine the data to be collected5.identify methods and instruments for data collection6.finalize sampling design and methods7.make a timetable
Implementation Phase1.data collection2.data organization/collation3.data presentation4.data analysis5.identification of health problems6.priority zation of health problems7.development of a health plan8.validation and feedback
Evaluation Phase
BIOSTATISTICS
2.1 DEMOGRAPHY - study of population size, composition and spatial distribution as affected bybirths, deaths and migration. 
Sources :
Census – complete enumeration of the population 
2 Ways of Assigning People:
1.
De Jure
-
People were assigned to the place where assigned to the place theyusually live regardless of where they are at the time of census.2.
De Facto
- People were assigned to the place where they are physically present at areat the time of census regardless, of their usual place of residence. 
C
OMPONENTS
:
1. Population size2. Population composition* Age Distribution* Sex Ratio* Population Pyramid* Median age - age below which 50% of the population fall and abovewhich 50% of the population fall. The lower the medianage, the younger the population (high fertility, high death rates).* Age Dependency Ratio - used as an index of age-induced economic drain on humanresources* Other characteristics:- occupational groups- economic groups- educational attainment- ethnic group3. Population Distribution
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