) is thecapitalof Japan. Ten percent (10%) of theJapanesepeople live inTokyo, and as many as twenty percent (20%) of the population live around it. As of 2007, the population was 12,790,000. Tokyo is the center of business, trade, andindustryof Japan and also of Asia.Tokyo is in a part of Japan called the Kanto plain. It faces Tokyo bay. Tworiversrunthrough Tokyo. One is the Sumida River which runs from the north to the south, andflows into Tokyo bay. The other is the Tama River which runs from the west to the east.The Tama River is a border between Tokyo and its neighbor city, Kawasaki.Tokyo means "the Eastern capital" inJapanese. It became the capital of Japan in themiddle of 19th century, when its name changed from "Edo" to "Tokyo". Before then,Kyotowas the capital of Japan. Theemperor of Japan,Tenno,lived in Kyoto. Edo wasthe place where the TokugawaShogunslived. The city grew up under the control of theShoguns. Before then it was a small town on the sea. Edo means "the mouth of a river"in Japanese.Tokyo was destroyed by fires started by the Great KantoEarthquakein1923. It was also badly damaged by bombsduringWorld War II. The most famous bombing was onMarch 10,1945. After Japan lost the war, the city was rebuilt.Tokyo held theOlympic Gamesin the summer of 1964.