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angro-n-pakarab (OB)

angro-n-pakarab (OB)

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Published by M.Zuhair Altaf

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Published by: M.Zuhair Altaf on Sep 13, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/11/2014

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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR
 THE CENTER OF ATTENTIONWORK TEAMS
WHAT IS A WORK TEAM?
“Group whose individuals efforts result in a performance that is greater than the sum of those individuals’ inputs.”
WORK GROUP
“It is a group that interacts primarily to share information and to makedecisions to help each other perform within his or her area of responsibility.”
TEAMS vs. GROUPS
The following four factors help us to distinguish between work groupand work team:
Goal:
Primary goal of the work group is to share the information whereas thework team strives for collective performance.
Synergy:
Work team generates positive synergy through coordinated effortswhereas work group result in low synergic impact, even in some casesit generates the negative synergy.
 Accountability:
In work teams both individuals as well as the whole team standsaccountable for its performance whereas in work group only the groupis stands liable for the group’s performance.
Skill:
There is no much difference of skill level in the work team and thegroup but in the work team skills are complimentary whereas workgroup skills are random and varied.
WORK TEAMS
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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR
TYPES OF TEAMS
There are three popular and generic types of teams:
1-Problem Solving Teams:
It is a Group of 5-12 employees from the same department who meetfor a few hours each week to discuss the ways of improving quality,efficiency and the work environment.
2-Self Managed Work Teams:
It is a group of 10-15 people who take on responsibilities of their former supervisors.
3-Cross Functional Teams:
Employees from the same hierarchical level, but from different workareas who come together to accomplish a task.
Other Variable Types Of Teams Are:
Study teams
Committees
Task forces
Productdevelopmentteam
KEY ROLES PLAYED BY THE TEAMMEMBERS
WORK TEAMS
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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR
CRITICAL FACTORS CONTRIBUTE TO THE HIGH PERFORMANCE OF ANEFFECTIVE TEAMS
1-Size of Work Teams:
The best work teams tend to be small.Recommended size for an effective team is 5-12 members so it will be easy to developcohesiveness and commitment and mutualaccountability.
2-Abilities of Members:
Abilities of members highly affect theperformance. Key abilities like technicalexpertise, problem solving skills, decisionmaking skills and interpersonal skills must behold by all the members of the team.
3-Common Purpose:
WORK TEAMS
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PromoterAssessorAdviserControllerOrganizerCreatorMaintainerLinkerProducerTeam

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