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Texas Values brief

Texas Values brief

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Published by Anna Waugh
Texas Values brief
Texas Values brief

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Published by: Anna Waugh on Jan 07, 2014
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01/08/2014

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS SAN ANTONIO DIVISION CLEOPATRA DE LEON, et al.,
Plaintiffs, v.
RICK PERRY, in his Official Capacity as Governor of the State of Texas, et al.,
Defendants. Civil Action No. 5:13-CV-982-OLG
 _________________________________________________________________________ BRIEF OF
 AMICUS CURIA
 TEXAS VALUES IN SUPPORT OF DEFENDANTS’ OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION  _________________________________________________________________________
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Authorities ........................................................................................................................ ii
 
Interest of
 Amicus Curiae
 ............................................................................................................... 1
 
Summary of the Argument.............................................................................................................. 1
 
Argument ........................................................................................................................................ 3
 
I.
 
Compelling Evidence Shows that Children Benefit from the Unique Parenting Contributions of Both Men and Women. ............................................................................ 3
 
II.
 
The Claim of “No Difference” in Outcomes of Children Raised by Gay and Lesbian Parents and Intact Biological Parents Is Empirically Undermined by Significant Methodological Limitations. ............................................................................ 9
 
A. The APA studies are based on small sample sizes. .......................................................... 10
 
B. The APA’s studies are largely based on homogeneous samples. ..................................... 12
 
C. Most of the samples in the APA-cited studies relied on non-random, convenience sampling. ........................................................................................................................... 13
 
III.
 
The Largest Population-Based Studies Do Not Confirm the “No Differences” Conclusion About Child Outcomes Among Same-Sex Parents. ...................................... 15
 
Conclusion .................................................................................................................................... 19
 
 
ii
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES Cases
 Bowen v. Gilliard,
 483 U.S. 587 (1987) ...............................................................................................................
 Lofton v. Secretary of the Department of Children and Family Services,
 358 F.3d 804 (11th Cir. 2004) ...............................................................................................
 Perry v. Schwarzenegger,
 704 F. Supp. 2d 921 (N.D. Cal. 2010) ...................................................................................
Other Authorities
Douglas W. Allen,
 High school graduation rates among children of same-sex households
, Rev. Econ. Household, Sept. 2013 ........................................................................................................... Douglas W. Allen,
et al.,
 
 Nontraditional Families and Childhood Progress Through School: A Comment on  Rosenfeld 
, Demography, November 2012, http://link.springer.com/article/ 10.1007/s13524-012-0169-x/fulltext.html ............................................................................. Paul R. Amato,
 More Than Money? Men’s Contributions to Their Children’s Lives?
,
in
 
 Men in  Families, When Do They Get Involved? What Difference Does It Make?
 267 (1998) ..................................................................................................................................... Paul R. Amato & Fernando Rivera,
 Paternal Involvement and Children’s Behavior Problems
, 61 Journal of Marriage and the Family 375 (1999) ..................................................................................................... Gunnar Anderson,
et al., The Demographics of Same-Sex Marriages In Norway and Sweden
, 43 Demography 79 (2006) .......................................................................................................... Marilyn Coleman,
et al.
,
 Reinvestigating Remarriage: Another Decade of Progress
, 62 Journal of Marriage and the Family 1288 (2000) ................................................................................................... Scott Coltrane,
 Family Man
 (1996) ................................................................................................................ Suzanne A. Denham,
 et al.
,
 Prediction of Externalizing Behavior Problems From Early to Middle Childhood: The Role of Parental Socialization and Emotion Expression
,
in
 
 Development and  Psychopathology
 23 (2000) ...................................................................................................

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