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Difference between Guidance and Counselling and other discplines

Difference between Guidance and Counselling and other discplines

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Published by Tunji Tunde

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Published by: Tunji Tunde on Sep 14, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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: PDE 112
: 2009
: Compare Guidance and Counselling as a discipline with other disciplines
 ABSTRACT Guidance and Counselling has been practiced right from time immemorial in an informal manner, today it is well established. It is a discipline that transverse all human endeavour,that is, it is an integral part of every other discipline with special attention to persons’ day today activities in those disciplines. Guidance and Counselling works hand in hand with other disciplines to enhance learning and equipping individuals for better life challengesmanagement. However broad as it is, there are existing differences with other disciplines. Thecomparative analysis between Guidance and Counselling and other disciplines is hereby presented.
Guidance is the processes of helping a client understand himself and his environment (Sertzer and Stone, 1976). While Counselling on the other hand is a person-to-person relationship inwhich one person helps to resolve an area of conflict that has not been hitherto resolved(Thompson and Poppen, 1972). In a nutshell Guidance and Counselling helps the client to attaina level of self actualization through a professional counsellor specially trained to render suchservices without age or gender discrimination both at counsellor and counsellee end.Guidance counsellors must have a license. The Counselling Association of Nigeria (CASSON)sets forth the criteria by which all counsellors must adhere. CASSON requires guidancecounsellors to have at least a masters degree or higher. Further, guidance counsellors can receivecertification, which enhances field expertise and often accompanies a financial incentive(Barr. Agbutun).Guidance and Counselling is very important in the life of men because every person needsguidance at some point in life to ensure that good decisions are arrived at. Since no human isabove mistake, it there follows that every human needs counselling also at some points in their lives. Man by nature is a complex being that is often encompassed with myriads of problems,issues and serious pressing matters bombarding his existence on a daily basis. Guidance andCounselling therefore provides a platform where these enormous problems can be solved andlasting solutions provided for, in order to ensure a smooth relationship among different people inthe society.In Education, Educational Guidance is process of helping students to achieve the self-understanding and self-direction necessary to make informed choices and move toward personalgoals. Guidance focuses on the complete development of individual students through a series of services designed to maximize school learning, stimulate career development, and respond to the personal and social concerns that inhibit individual growth. Although guidance activities areusually associated with educational professionals known as counsellors, educational guidance isactually a cooperative enterprise involving the participation of teachers, administrators, other educational specialists, and parents.In colleges and universities, administrative offices such as student affairs, admissions, financialaid, housing, student health, and placement provide guidance services. College counsellingcentres assist students with academic, vocational, or personal problems (James Alan Fruehling)Guidance counselling as a profession has been in the United States since the early 1900s.Although the field experienced a brief decline during the Depression, it has become a staple of American education since the 1940s. Guidance counsellors not only assist students, they also provide assessments of students with behavioral problems and coordinate with teachers toaddress these problems (Marriage and Family Counselling Basics). According to Barrister  Agbutun,
“in Nigeria, the commencement of modern guidance and counseling was in 1958 and by 1967, career council was formed.”
Other counselling services include career-development programs to foster awareness of career alternatives, programs in human relations skills, and training in actual job skills, as well as theacquisition and dissemination of related information. Counsellors work with teachers,administrators, and families in coordinated efforts to help resolve specific student problems. If necessary, they can refer students to trained therapists for additional assistance.In order to ensure this cumbersome task, Guidance and Counselling programmes are developedthrough cooperative and affective enterprise with respect to other disciplines (Okoye
1990).This largely explains why some of the methodologies and techniques used in Guidance andCounselling is derived from those used in other disciplines. Some of these disciplines includes; psychology, sociology, religion, philosophy, politics and medical science e.t.c.The relationship between Guidance and Counselling and other disciplines shall be examine under three broad categories of disciplines which are in line with the basic groupings of academicdiscipline.The liberal artThe social sciencesThe sciences/natural/physical scienceThe above broad grouping is necessary so as to avoid repetition due to similarities withdisciplines under the same category.From the forgoing, it can be deduced that the role of Guidance and Counselling works hand inhand with other disciplines. There is a strong interdisciplinary relationship shared by Guidanceand Counselling with other disciplines.
Disciplines such as literature, religion and philosophy, music and fine art are often groupedtogether with other disciplines. The relationship between Guidance and Counselling with theliberal arts disciplines is that, it provides a platform where counselling services is provided baseon the cultural environment or setting of a particular people. These needs are often guided by thegoals and objectives of the people’s cultural inclinations in order to achieve the goals of acceptable values and desirable behaviour. Okoye, Adejumo, and Achebe(1990) Shed more lighton this:

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