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Tunnels

Tunnels

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Published by marsianoe

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Published by: marsianoe on Sep 15, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/12/2013

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TUNNELS
 
TERMINOLOGY for UNDERGROUNDSTRUCTURES
Adit.....................................galeri
Tunnel................................tünel
Subway..............................metro
Shaft...................................baca
Chamber ............................oda
Portal.................................ana giriş veya çıkış
Pilot adit.............................yan galeri, pilot galerisi
Centre................................merkez, eksen
Face...................................ayna
Wall ~ site..........................yan, kenar, duvar 
Floor ...................................taban
Roof ...................................tavan
 
Overbreak.............................aşırı sökülme
Excavated profile..................kazı profili
Natural archling....................doğal kemerlenme
Load......................................yük
Support.................................destek, iksa
Failure...................................yenilme, çökme
Gentle failure........................yavaş yenilme
Rock burst............................kaya patlaması
Squeezing ground................sıkışan zemin
Swelling ground....................şişen zemin
Clay-filled joint.......................kil dolgulu eklem
Long term stability.................uzun süreli duraylılık
Ground treatment..................zemin iyileştirmesi
Support before excavation....kazı öncesi destekleme

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