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Vol_2_No_19_January_4_1969_1

Vol_2_No_19_January_4_1969_1

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Published by Unified Left
The Black Panther
The Black Panther

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Published by: Unified Left on Sep 15, 2009
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05/11/2014

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1
L e tte rs
T o
T h e
E d ito r
D ear
B ro th e r
R aym ond
I
a m
a
G .I.
s ta tlo o e d
I n
G uam
w ho
w as
h lln d
t o
th e
w ays
o f th e
w h ite
ra c is t
p Ig s
w hen
I e n lIs te d .
W hat
I
a m
s e e k in g
b ro
Is ,}~ -
IO U
I d
k ln d l~ a p ~ r~ t~ te
d a y
h ro th "r,
I
b e g -
p le a s .
d o n 't
le t
m "
dow n.
T ry In g
t o
g e \
o u t
th e
w ar
B ro th e r
E rIc
B u rn s
t o
y o u
I n
re fe re n c e
t o
th e
a rtlc l.
o f o n e M r.
E g b u n e
w ritte n
s a y
a ro u n d
S e p -
. ! . : '
te m b e r
1 9 6 8 .
" " ',
"
A t
th e
m om ent
I
h a v e
s e n t
th is
p a rtIc u la r
B la c k
P a n th e r
p a p e r
t o
Ih e
(N B S )
N ig e r ia
B ro a ~ a s tln g
S e rv ic e
t o
b e
re a d
o n
o u r
ra d io
-s o
th a t
m y p e o p le
g e n e r a lly
w o u ld
s e e
h o w
som e
h o n k le s h a d
b e "n p u l-
tln g
u p
som e
lb o s
t o
b e
g iv In g
w ro n g
p ic tu re
o r
tb e
s itu a tio n
o r
N ig e r ia
t o
fo re ig n e rs
I n
o rd e r
t o
w in
som e
s y m p a tb y
w h ic h
th e y
d o
n o t
d e s e rv e .
P le a s e
k e e p
m e
In fo rm e d
a n d
m e
fo r
w e
s tIll
h a v e
y o u
I n
N ig e r ia
--o n e
y o u r
m IlIta n t
le a d e rs
t o
v ls ft
N I-
g e rIa
a n d
g e t
u s
t o
k n o w
y o u r
lo v "
fo r
u s
I n
th is
h o u r
o f
o u r
n a tio n a l
trib u la tio n s .
-S o
lo n g ,
"V w e z o
M e u s l"
fo re v e r
Y o u rs
B la c k ly ,
-A lfre d
S an
F ra n c is c o
S ta te
C O lle g e
h a s
b e e n
o ffIc ia lly
s h u t
dow n
fo r
th e
s e e o n d
tim e
I n
a
m o n th
a s th e
re s u lts
o f
a s tu d e n t
s trik e
w h ic h
h a l
g ro w n
t o
h is to ric
p r o lM 'r tlo n s .
T h e
c lo s in g
o f th e
s c h o o l
re p re s e n t.
a n o th e r
v lc lo r y
fo r
s trik in g
s tu d e n t.
le d
b y
th e
B la e k
S tu d e n ts
U n lo "
(B S U )
a n d th e
T h ird
W o rld
L ib e ra tio n
F ro n t
(T W L F ).
M e a n w h Ile ,
m Ilita n t
s tu d e n ts
a e tlo n s
h it S a n F r a n e ls c o C lty C o lle g e
a n d
th "
C o lle g e
of San
M a tc o .
A t C ity
C o lle g e
s e v e ra l
h u n d re d
b la c k
a n d
b ro w n
s tu d "n ts
a n g rIly
s ta lk e d
o u t
o f
a c o n v o c a tio n
I)e c .
I I,
a n d
sm ashed
w in d o w s
o n th o
cam pus.
T h e
m IlIta n ts
w e re
a n g ry
b e c a u s e
th "Y
s a id
th a t
th e
c o lle g e
p re s id e n t
h a d
p ro m is e d
th e m
a n
a ll- d a y
m o o tin g
t o
d ls c u s s
th e
Is s u e s
ra is e d
b y
th e
s trik e
a t S ta te .
A s
I t
tu rn e d
o u t,
h o w e v e r,
th e
m e e tin g
w as
lIm ite d
t o
tw o
h o u rs .
D ow n
th e
p e n In s u la
a t S a n M a te o ,
b la c k
a n d b ro w n
s tu d e n t.
fo rc e d
th e
s c h o o l
t o
c lo s e
o n
D ec.
1 3 .
T h e
m ilIta n ts
c a lle d
fo r
a s tu d e n t
s trik e
a n d
s ta g e d
a
ra lly
w h tc h
a ttra c te d
u p
t o
2 ,0 0 0
s tu d e n ts .
T h e
ra lly
w as
fo llo w e d
b y
a
m a rc h
w h tc h
e n d e d
w ith
w in d o w s
b e in g
s h a t-
te re d
I n
fiv e
cam pus
b u Ild In g s .
S an
M a te o
p re s id e n t
R o b e rt
L .
E w lg le b e n
th re a te n e d
t o
e x p e l
a ll
s tu d ,'n ls
a lle g ~
t o
h a v e
b e e n
In v o lv e d
I n
th e
a c tio n
a n d to
s e e k
c r im in a l
p ro s e c u tio n .
"
P e o p le
w Ill
b e
s u rp ris e d
a t
th e
num ber
o f
s u s p e n s lo o s ,
e x p u ls io n s
a n d
a rre s ts "
a t
th e
J u n Io r
c o lle g e ,
h e
d e -
c la rP d .
T h e
c lo s In g
o f
S ta te
a m o u n te d
t o
a
tu rn a b o u t
fo r
a c lln g
p re s id e n t
S . I. H a y a k a w a .
H e
b a d
p la n n e d
t o
k e e p
th e
s c h o o l
o p e n
In to
th e
h o lI-
d a y s
t o
m ake
u p
fo r
c la s s ro o m
tim e
lo s t
b e c a u s e
o f th e
s trik e .
H o w e v e r,
m o u n tin g
p re s s u re
fo rc e d
lIa y a k a w a
t o
re v e rs e
h im s e lf
a n d
In s te a d
c lo s e
th e
s c h o o l
a
w eek
e a rly
fo r
C h ris tm a s
v a c a tio n
o n
D ee.
1 4 .
H e
h a d
o n ly
h im s e lf
t o
b la m e .
H ayakaw a
I s
a h a rd -lIn e r
w ho
h a s
tu rn e d
S ta te
In to
a n
a rm e d ,
cam p.
H is
ta c tlc s -b rln g tn g
h u n d re d s
o f
p o lle e
0 0
cam pus,
In e lu d ln g
th e
n o to rio u s
T a c tlc 3 1
S q u a d , w h ic h
b "a t
a n d
a rre s te d
la rg e
num ber
o f s tu d e n ts ,
te a c h e rs
a n d
c o m m u n ity
le a d e rs
-p o la riz e d
th e
cam pus,
a n d
In d e e d
th e c ity
Its e lf,
I n
m anner
th e
s trik e
a lo n e
c o u ld
not have.
R e a c tio n
t o
th e s e
ta c tic s
a lo n g
w ith
th e
c o n tin u In g
a n d
e s c a la tin g
p re s s u re
b ro u g h t
b y
th e
s trik e rs
th e m s e lv e s
n e e e s s lta te d
Ih a t
th e
s c h o o l
b y
s h u t
dow n.
H ayakaw a
seem ed
t o
b e
e n J o y In g
h im s e lf,
th o u g h .
O n
a day
w hen
p o lIc e
c lu b b e d
s tu d e n ts
h e
g u s h ~ d :
"T h is
h a s
b e e n
th e
m ost
e x c itin g
d a y
s In c e
m y
lo th
b irth d a y ,
w hen
I
ro d e
a r o lle r
c o a s te r
fo r
th e
flrs l
tim e ."
T h e
In n u e n tla l
A c a d e m ic
S e n a te ,
w h ic h
re p re s e n ts
th e
w h o le
.
fa c u lty ,
a ls o
b e g a n
m a k in g
th re a te n in g
n o is e s .
F irs t
It o v e rw h e lm ln g -
I y
v o te d
fo r
a re s o lu tio n
o rd e rin g
a s p e e d -u p
s e a rc h
fo r
p e rm a n e n t
p r ,'s ld e n t
t o
s u c c e e d
H ayakaw a.
I t
condem ned
H a y a k a w a 's
" p o lIc y
o f
c o o fro n ta tlo n "
w ith
s tu d e n ts
a n d
.a id
th a t
I t
"c a n
o n ly
le a d
t o
fu rlh e r
v lo le n e e
w Ith
In e v Ita b le
fa ta lItie s ."
-I/P I= -.
S tu d e n t
D em ands
I .
T h a t
G e o rg e
M u rra y
m a m ta ln
h ls
te a c h In g
p o s Itio n
oncam pus
fo r
1 9 6 8 -6 9
a c a d e m ic
y e a r.
2 .
T h a t
a ll
b la c k
s tu d ie s
c o u rs e s
b e in g
ta u g h t
th ro u g h
v a rio u s
o th e r
d e p a rtm e n ts
b e
Im m e d ia te ly
p a rt
o f th e
b la c k
s tu d ie s
d e p a rtm e n t
a n d
Ih a t
a ll
In s tru c to rs
I n
th is
d e p a rtm e n t
rt!C e lv e
fu ll-tlm e
p a y .
3 .
T h a t
D r.
N a th a n
Ila re ,
c h a irm a n
o f th e
b la c k
s tu d ie s
d e p a rtm e n t,
te e e lv e
a
fu ll
p ro fe s s u rs h lp
a n d
a c o m p a ra b le
s a la ry
a c c o rd in g
t o
h is
q u a ltflc a tlo n s ,
4 .
T h a t
th e re
b e
a
d e p a rtm e n t
o f
b la c k
s tu d ie s
w h ic h
w 1 ll
g ra n t
a
b a c h e lo r 's
d e g re e
I n
b la c k
s tu d ie s ;
th a i
th e
b la c k
s tu d ie s
d e -
p a rtm e n t,
c h a irm a n ,
fa c u lty
a n d
s ta ff
b a v e
th e
s o le
pow er
t o
h ire
fa c u lty
a n d
c o n tro l
a n d
d e te rm in e
th e
d e s tIn y
of Its
d e p a rtm e n t.
5 .
T h a t
a ll
u n u s e d
s lo ts
fo r
b la c k
s tu d e n ts
fro m
fa ll
1 9 6 8
u n d e r
th e
s p e c ia l
a d m is s io n s
p ro g ra m
b e
fIlle d
I n
s p rIn g
1 9 6 9 .
6 .
T b a t
a ll
b la c k
s tu d e n ls
w is h in g
s o ,
b e
a d m ltle d
I n
fa ll
1 9 6 9 .
7 ,
T h a t
2 0
fu ll-tlm e
te a c h in g
p o s itio n s
b e
a llo c a te d
t o
th e
d e p a rt-
m ent
0 1 b la c k
s tu d ie s .
8 .
T h a t
D r.
H e le n
B e d e s e m
b e
re p la c e d
fro m
th e p o s itio n
o f
fin a n c ia l
a id
o ffic e r
a n d th a t
a b la c k
p e rs o n
b e
h ire d
t o
d ire c t
I t ,
th a t
th ird
w o rld
p e o p le
h a v e
th e
pow er
t o
d e te rm In e
h o w
It w Ill
b e
a d -
m In Is te re d .
I
9 .
T h a t
n o
d is c ip lIn a r y
a c tlo o
w Ill
b e
a d m In is te re d
In a n y
w ay
t o
a n y
s tu d e n ts ,
w o rk ,'rs ,
le a c h e rs ,
o r a d m In is tra to rs
d u rIn g
a n d a fte r
th e
s trik e
a s a c o n .e q u e n c e
o f
th e ir
p a rtic ip a tio n
I n
th e
s trik e .
1 0 . T h a t
th e
C a lIfo rn ia
s ta te
c o lle g e
tru s te e s
not be
a llo w e d
t o
d Is -
s o lv e
a n y
b la c k
p ro g ra m
o n
o r
o ff
S an
F ra n c is c o
S ta te
C o lle g e
cam pus.
M O R E
L E F T -W IN G
C A T H O liC S
R O M E
--Y o U n g
C a th o lic
ra d I-
c a ls
a re
c a u s in g
tro u b le .
lo r
th e
P o p e
a n d
th e
C h u rc h
h ie ra rc h y .
A
le w
w eek.
a g o ,
a s
th e
P o p e
w a rn e d
a g a in s t
"n e a rs u b v e rs lv e .'
a c tiv itie s
" ith in
th e
c h u rc h ,
a
G E O R G E
M U R R A Y
I
g ro u p
0 1 .tu d e n ts s to o d n e a rb y "ith
p la c a rd s
c h a rg in g
th a t
th e
V a tIc a n
M IN IS T E R
O F
E D U C A T IO N ,
B .P .P .
I
I S
I n
c o llu s io n
w ith
c a p ita lis m .
T h ird
W o rld
L lb e r a llo n
F ro n t
Som e
0 1
th e
s tu d e n ts
re tlm e d
i
t n
h o l.1
u p
s ig n s
I n
.u p p o rt
0 1
1 .
T h a t
G e o rg e
M u rra y
a n d
a n y
o th e r
la c u lty
p e rs o n
c h o S e n
b y
n o n -
F r.
r;n z o
M a z z l,
W ho
w as
to s s e d
w h ile
p e o p le
a s
Ih e ir
te a c h e r
b e
re ta in e d
I n
Ih e ir
p o s itio n .
o u t
0 1
h l.
F lo re n c e
p a ris h
p o s t
2 .
T h a t
a
S C hO ol
0 1
e th n ic
s tu d ie s
lo r
th e
e th n ic
g ro u p s
in v o lv e d
I n
lo r
p u b ll.h ln g
a
c a te c h is m
a g a in s t
th e
th ird
w o rld
b e
s e t
u p
w ith
s tu d e n ts
I n
e a c h
p a rtic u la r
(-th n lc
th e
o rd e rs
0 1
h is
a rc h b is h o p .
T h e
o rg a n iz a tio n
h a v in g
Ih e
a u th o rity
a n d
c o n tro l
0 1
th e
h irtn g
a n d
c a te c h is m
show ed
J e s u s
a s
a
d e -
re te n tio n
o r
a n y
la c u lty
m em ber
d Ire c to r
a n d
a d m ln ls tra t
~
r
a s
le n d e r
0 1
th e
p o u r
ra th e r
th a n
a
w e ll
a s
th e
c u rric u lu m
I n
a
s p e c ific
a re a
s tu d y .
'
s a v io r
0 1
s o u ls ,
a c c o rd in g
t o
a n
3 .
T h a t
5 0
la c u lty
p o s itio n s
b e
a p p ro p rIa te d
t o
th e
s c h o < )1 0 1 o th n lc
A s s o c ia te d
P re s s
re p o rt.
I n
F lo r-
s tu d ie s ,
2 0
0 1
w h ic h
w o u ld
b e
lo r
th e
b la c k
s tu d ie s
p ro g ra m .
o n c e
a b o u t
5 0 0
re b e l
p a ris h io n e rs
4 . T h a t In th e s p rin g
s e m e s te r
th e c o lle g e
\ \ llf illlt s
c o m m itm e n t
s u p p o rte d
F r.
Mazzi and
d e h e d
. t o
th e n o n -w h ite s tu d e n ts In a d m ittin g th o s e th a t a p p ly .
~ ,u th o rity b y h o ld in g a ~ !rre g u la r
5. That
I n
th e
la ll
0 1 1 9 6 9 , a ll
a p p lic a tIo n s 0 1 n o n -w h ite s tu d e n ts
a s s e m b ly
0 1
p ra y e r
in
th e ir
b e 3 c c e ..e d .
c h u rc h .
M e x Ic a n A m e ric a n
m 1 1 1 t3 n tsa t E a s t L o s A n g e le s C o lle g e r e p la c o d
L O S A N G E L E S --F re m o n t
H i g h S C h o o l s i t u a t e d I n t h e h e a r t 0 1 t h e
th e
A m e rIc a n
n a g w ith
th o b a n n e r 0 1 th e s trik In g
A F L -C IO
U n ite d
S o u th C e n tra l c o m m u n Ity , Its s tu d e n t b o d y m o re th a n 9 0 % b la c k , h a d a
F a rm
W o rk e rs
O rg a n Iz In g
C o m m ltto e
a fte r
a
m e e tIn g w Ith
th o
S
U
b la c k
p rIn c ip a l
T u e s d a y
m o rn In g
(D e c e m b e r
1 7 ).
c o lle g o
p re s id e n t,
w ho
re \\ls e d
t o
e n d o rs e
th e
g ra p e
b o y c o tt.
S U bse-
I I
h a s
a ls o
h a d
a n
a n
e ffe c tIv e
s trik e
I n
p ro g re s s
T u e s d a y
a fte rn o o n ,
q u e n tly ,
th e
U .S .,
C a lIfo rn Ia ,
F a rm
W o rk e rs ,
a n d
s c h o o l
n a g s
w e re
w Ith
le s s
th a n
a
lo u rth
0 1 th e
s tu d e n ts re p o rte d ly
In a tte n d a n c e .
n o w n s id e b y s id e .
B
...R e a c tIn g
t o
h e a v y s tu d e n t, te a c h e r a n d c o m m u n Ity p re s s u re s , th e
A n a b o rtIv e
d e m o n s tra tIo n b y
m o re th a n 2 0 0 a t L o s A n g e le s C Ity
s c h o o l b o a rd , a fte r th e s to rm y
p u b lIc s e s s io n M o n d a y n ig h t, v o te d
C o lle g e
lo llo w e d
a
m e e tIn g b e tw e e n M e ,c jc a n A m e rIc a n
m IlIta n ts ,
M
E X
I
C
A
N
I n
e x e c u tiv e
s e s s io n
t o
a p p o In t
D o n a ld
B o lto o
a c tIn g
p r in c ip a l
a t
le d
b y
P re s id e n t
A le ja n d r o
M u rg u la
0 1
M e x Ic a n
A m e ric a n
S tu d e n ts
F re m o n t.
H e
w as
Im m e d ia te ly
tra n s le re d
fro m
h ls
p re v Io u s
p o s t
a s
A s s n .,
a n d
C o lle g e
P re s id e n t
G e o rg e
G o o d e r.
A c c o rd in g
t o
M u rg u la ,
L o s
A n g e le s
H ig h
S c h o o l
a s s is ta n t
p rIn c ip le .
G ooder
a g re e d
th a t
"som e
0 1
o u r
dem ands
w Ill
b e
ta k e n
c a ro
0 1 ..'
W hen
s c h o o l
b o a rd
m em ber
R a lp h
R Ic h a rd s o n
a n n o u n c e d
th e
A t
th e
U n Iv e rs Ity
0 1
S o u th e rn
C a lllo m ta
th e
B S U
a n d
th e
U n Ite d
a p p o in tm e n t
t o
th e
c ro w n
I n
th e
b o a rd
ro o m ,
h e
w as
g re e te d
w Ith
M e x ic a n
A m e ric a n
S tu d e n ts
jo In tly
a n n o u n c e d
th a t
lo n g
n e g o tia tIo n s
S IUDE NI S
c a t-c a lls
a n d
a
w a lk o u t.
T h e
re a c tIo n
w as
p ro m p te d
b y
th e
b o a rd s .
w Ith
th e
3 d m ln ls tra tlo n
la lle d
t o
p ro d u c e
re s u lts
--a n d
m o re
la llu r e
t o
c o n s u lt
w Ith
s tu d e n ts ,
te a c h c rs
a n d c o m m u n lty re p re s e n ta -
d e m o n s tra tIv e
m eans
a re
n o w
I n
o rd e r.
tlv e s .
T h e
V a lll'y
S ta te
c h a p te r
o r
th e
A m e rIc a n
F e d e ra tIo n
0 1
T e a c h e rs
B la c k
S tu d e n t
U n Io n
le a d e rs
p le d g e d
t o
c o o tln u e
th e ir
s trIk e
a s
a n n o u n c e d
I t
I s
s e e k in g
s trIk e
s a n c tio n
t o
b a c k
I t s
dem ands,
w h ic h
p a rt
0 1
th e
fIg h t
lo r
c o m m u n Ity
c o n tro l
0 1
th e
s c h o o l.
In c lu d e
a m n e s ty
lo r
s tu d e n ts
a rre s te d
I n
c o n n e c tIo n
w Ith N o v .
4
p ro -
R
E V
O
L I
o n
M onday
th e
s c h o o l
a d m ln ls tra tlo o
h a d
s h n t
dow n
th e
s c h o o l
lo r
te s ts
o n
th e
cam pus.
th e
d a y .
T u e s d a y
m o rn In g
o n ly
h a lf
0 1
th e
3 ,3 0 0
s tu d e n ts
a t
F re m o n t
A t
F re m o n t
H ig h
a
w eek
lo n g
s e rie s
0 1
d e m o n s tra tio n s
re s u lte d
re p o rte d
lo r
c la s s e s .
A lte r
a
B S U
n o o n
ra lly
c la s s ro o m
a tte n d a n c e
I n
th e
re s Ig n a tIo n
0 1
th e
w h Ite
p rIn c ip a l,
R o b e rt
M a lc o lm ,
a n d
h ls
d ro p p e d
t o
le s s
th a n
o n e
lo u rth .
o n e
d a y
re p la c e m e n t
b y
th e
w h Ite
a s s is ta n t
p rIn c ip a l,
R ic h a rd
I n
th e
v te w
0 1
F re m o n t
s tu d e n ts ,
te a c h e rs
a n d
p a re n ts ,
th e
c ru c ia l
B r(IW n ln g .
E v e n
th o n g h
M a lc o lm
h a d
" u n c o o d ltlo n a lly '.
re In s ta te d
I
N
L
A
Is s u e Is c o m m u n Ity c o n tro l 0 1 th e s c h o o l a d m In is tra tIo n a n d c u rrlc u -
lo U r
b la c k
s tu d e n ts s u s p e n d o d d u rin g
" a rlle r
d e m o n s tra tlo o s , th e
lu m . T h is s a m e Is s u e , to o n e d e g ro e o r a n tJ th e r, h a s ro c k e d s e v e ra l
m o m e n tu m
0 1
th o
m ovem ent
lo r
c o m m u n Ity
c o n tro l
swept on.
..L o s
A n g e le s a r e a h ig h s c h o o ls a n d c o lle g e s in th e p a s t w e e k . D e v e l-
M o n d a y , Ih e
F re m o n t te a c h e rs ,
m ost 01 whom
a re
w h Ite , c a llo d
o p m e n ts In c lu d e d :
o n
th e
s c h o o l O O a rd to
a p p o in t a b la c k
p r in c ip a l,
o n e w h o e n jo y s
SC HO OL S
Tw o
m a jo r
d e m o n s tra tIo n s
w e re
h e ld
a t
H am 111on
H Ig h
S C h o o l
I n
th e
c o n fId e n c e
0 1
th e
s tu d e n ts ,
la c u lty
a n d
c o m m u n Ity .
w est
L o s
A n g e le s ,
w h e re
o n e -e lg h t
0 1
th e
s tu d e n t
b o d y
I s
b la c k .
T h e
te a c h e rs
a n d
th e
B S U
jo In e d
I n
th e
b e lle l
th a t
M rs.
Id a
A
s lt-d o w n
b y
1 5 0
s tu d e n ts
M ooday
d is p e rs e d
w hen
p o lIc e
cam e
o n
B a rrln g to n ,
th e
b la c k
v Ic e
p rIn c Ip a l
lo r
g irls
a t
F re m o n t,
w o u ld
f I ll
cam pus
lo r
th e
fIrs t
tIm e .
S tu d e n t
dem ands
In c lu d e d
a
b la c k
s tu d ie s
th a t
b Ill.
B ut
th e
sC hool
b o a rd
a p p o In te d
B o lto n .
p ro g ra m
a n d
ro o rg a n lz a tlo n
0 1
h Is to ry
c o u rs e s
t o
re n e c tth e
re a lItIe s
T h e
a p p o in tm e n t
0 1
a
p r in c ip a l
re s p o n s iv e to th e s tu d e n ts ,
te a c h e rs
0 1
b la c k
h is to ry .
J o In In g
th e
B S U
I n
s p o n s o rIn g
th e
d e m o n s tra tIo n s
~
a n d
c o m m u n ity
is
b u t
o n e
dem and
0 1
th e
F re m o n t
B S U .
I I
h a s ,
ro r
w as
S tu d e n ts
lo r
a
D e m o c ra tic
S o c ie ty
a t
H am 111on.
,
th e
tIm e
b e in g ,
becom e
th e
m ost
d e c Is iv e .
B o lto n ,
I n
h ls
a tte m ..
t n
T h e
A m e ric a n
n a g
w as
h a u le d
dow n
--a n d
th e n
b u rn e d
--b y
m a In ta in
Ih e
s c h o o l
o p e ra tIo n
T u e s d a y ,c o n c e d e d th a tc o m m u n lty c o n -
m o re
th a n
3 0 0
s tu d e n ts
a t
p re d o m In a n tly
b la c k
C re n s h a w
H Ig h
S C h o o l.
tro l
w as
th e
k o y
Is s u e
a t
F re m o n t.
2
1-
-
-
-
F T .
H O O D
T H R E E
O N
S P E A K IN G
T O U R
N E W
Y O R K
--T h e
F o rt
H ood
T h re e
--th e
firs t
G ls
t o
re fu s e
o rd e rs
t o
V ie tn a m
--h a v e
b e e n
re le a s e d
fro m
ja Il
.a d
a re
o ff
o n
a
n a tio n a l
s p e a k In g
to u r.
T h e th re e
I
m en,
P v ts .
D e n n is
M o ra ,
Jam es
J o h n s o n ,
a n d
D a v id
~m as,
.e rv -
e d
tw o
a n d
a h a lf
y e a r.
I n
lh e
U .S .
d ls c ip U n a r y
b a rra c k s .
T h e
m en
h a v e
com e
hom e
o p ti-
m is tic
a n d
w ith
a
d e s ire
to ln v o lv e
th e m s e lv e s
I n
th e
m o v e m e n t.
T h e
W .E .B .
D u jb ls
C lu b s
o f A m e ric a
a re
s p o n s o rin g
th e
n a tio n a l" '1 1 r o f
th e
F t.
H ood
T h re e ,
.a d
d e ta ile d
In fo rm a tio n
c o n c e
rn ln g
th e Ir
s c h e d u le
a n d
s p e a k In g
a rra n g e -
m e n ts
c a n
b e
o b ta In e d
fro m
C a ro -
Iy n
B la c k
a n d
~ ra h
D o o U ttle
a t
I
th e
D u B o ls
C lu b s ,
3 4
W .
1 7 th
m .,
4 th
F lo o r,
N ew
Y o rk ,
N . Y .
1 0 0 1 1 ,
P h o n e :
2 1 2
--9 2 9 -2 0 1 0 .
B L A C K
PO W ER
-
-
!
-
~
--= ---
~'I '
i
~ I
J
.
,
~ I
- -
~
T E A C H E R
FO R
N E W
A L
T E R N A
T IV E S
,
B E R K E L E Y ,
t;A U F .
-C o m -
m u n Ity
c o n tro l,
ra c is m
a n d
jo b
s e c u rity
w e re
am ong
l1 Ie
to p lc s
a Ire d
I n
a
p a n e l
d is c u s s io n
o f l1 Ie
,
T u
,
N ew
Y o rk te a c h e r.
s trIk e ,
e s -
d a y ,
D ecem ber
1 7 1 1 1 .T h e
p ro -
g ra m , "T h e
New York School011-
e m m a :'
s p o n s o re d b y
T e a c h e rs
,
fo r
N e w A lte rn a tiv e ",
w a s h e ld a t
U n c o ln
E le m e n ta ry S c h o o lIn B e r-
k e le y .
A m ong
l1 Ie
p a rtic ip a n ts
w as
r -
R am pans
w rite r
S o l S te rn , w h o ,
I n
a re c e n t a rtic le ,
c r itic iz e d
th e
"trIk e
fo r
I t s
ra c Is t

o v e rto n e s , S u p p o rtIn g l1 Ie N e w Y o rk te a c h e rs ' u n Io n

w as
M ile s
M e y e rs ,
v lc e -
p re s id e n t
o f
th e C a llfu rn la
F e d -
e ra tIo n o f T e a c h e rs .
T e a c h e r.
fo r
N ew
A lte rn a tiv e "
I s
a re c e n tly
o rg a n iz e d g ro u p o f
e le m e n ta ry ,
h Ig h s c h o o l a n d c o l-
le g e
te a c h e r.
In te re s te d
I n
Im -
p ro v In g
l1 Ie q u a lity
o f
e d u c a tio n
th ro u g h b a s ic
c h a n & e l In o u r e d -
O P E N
L E T T E R
u c a tlo n a l s y s te m .
.E d ito r's
N o te : T h is
'O p e n
L e "e r'
b y
K a re n
W a ld
is b e in g
IM 'b lis h e d in
re s P O .lIS et o .
. .
J u liu s
L e s te r's "o u n te r-re v o lu tio n a ry
"o lu m n ,
w h i"h
a p p e a re d in s e v e ra l re a c tlo n s ry
Is d e -s a n c tify in g
tb e im a g e o f lh e IM 'lio :e m a n , th e 1 0 1 :8 1a n d n s tlo n a l
a d m in Is tra to r
b y
n e w s p a p e rs a fe w w e e k s a g o ; w h i"h
w a s , in fa " t, n o th in g
m o re th In
a s e ll-o u t, s la n d e r-
c a llin g
h im
"p ig "
u n h e a lth y " ? If y o u re a lly
b e lie v e
it is o n ly r h e lo r i"
to u s e w o rd s , W ~ )
o u s a "a "k
o n
S to k e ly
C a rm i" h a e l,
E ld r id g e
C le a v e r, a n d th e
B L A C K
P A N T H E R
is it y o u , J u liu s , a r e " a r r y in g
o u t y o u r p a r t in lh e r e v o lu tio n
th ro u g h
th e u s e o f th e w rlt-
P A R T Y
. )
te n w o rd " ? Is n 't it b e c a u s e y o u th in k
Ih e w ri"e n
o r s lM 'k e n w o r d
h Is v a lu e , a n
"h In g e
p e o p le " ,a n
m o v e th e m to a "tio n "? A re y o u r w o rd s re v o lu tio n a ry ,
a n d E ld r id l:e C le a v e r 's
D e a r J u liu s :
.'ju s t
fo r e n te rta in m e n t"? "
. "
. . .
A l\ue000h o u l:h
o u r a "lu a l
"o n ta "t
h Is b e e n in fre q u e n t,
I h o v e re lt v e ry "lo s e 1 0 y o u s in ".
Y o u u s e lh e e x a m p le o f th e V ie tn a m e s e n o t " a n n o u n " " n l:
D le .n ~ Ie n P h u In "o n d e m n -
w e firsl
m e l, a u d o u r s h a r e d e x p e r ie n o :e s , in " lu d iu l:
w ritin l:
fo r th e s a m e p a p e rs , a d d e d
iu l: Ih e B la " k
P a n th e r P a rty
r o r a n n o u u " in l:
to the w ork!
th e ir
In te ~ lto
F re ~
H uey.
1 0 Ih is . B u l in re " e n l m o n th s y o u r c o lu m n ,
h o v e p u z z le d a n d " o n r u s e d m e . ~ d o n 't ~ o w
A s id e rro m
th e fa "lth Itl
n e v e r s a w lh e P a n th e rs la y d o w u Ih e b lu e p n n t
o fth ~ lr
b a ttle
y o U a n y m o re ; I d o n 'l k U O W w h e re )..u 're
a l; I " a n 'l im a l:in e
w h y y o u a re s a y ln g (w n tlu g )
p la u in rro n to rlh e e n e m y (a n d y e s ,th e
V ie ln a m e s e .D ID t~ lIth e
F r~ n "h th Itt~ y ln Ie n d e d
lh e th in l:'
y o U a re .
.1 0
d riv e
th e m
o u t o f Ih e ir "o u n lry ),
y o u r e x a m p le IS p a rtl" u la rly
In a p p ...p n a te .
F o r !h e
In a rc l"e n l "o lu m n
in lhe
G u a rd ia n ,
y o u a "a "k
y o u r fo rm e r
b ro th e r-In -a rm s
C a r-
V ie tn a m e ,e
m o re Ih a n a n y o th e r p e o p le h a v c la u l:h t u , lh e v a lu a b le s lra te f.Y o ffig h tln g
m ic h Ic l;
Y '.U a "a rk
""d rid l:e
C ..'a v e r; y o u a lla " k
lh e B la c k P a ~ lh ~ r P ~ r t.y : C r it~ c i'~
~ s
Ih e b a " le
o n m a n y rro n ts . Y o U s a y "th e
V ie ln a m e s e
d id n 't
e v e n b o l h e r s p e a k i n . 1 :! 0 t h e
e 's c n tia lI,.
Ih e h c a lth .,ra n y
r c v O lu lio n a r y
m ..v e m e n l o r o rl:a rn z a tlo n ,lr
1 1 ,Sv a lid " n tl-
F re n "h "
b e ro re lh e y d e re a le d Ih e m
a l D ie n B ie n
P h u . B u t Ih e y W O U L D
h Iv e
,r It b o d
c is m . B u t in .u r p a 's e s
c o m p re h e n s io n
1 0 u n d c rs la n d
w h y , in 'te a d o r
m e e lin l:a n d ta lk ~ n g
,e c m e d w is e la " ti" a lly ,ju s t
a , lh e y a r e .p c a k in l:
1 0 th e A m e ri"a n
~ovem ~nt
now : The
w ilh
lh e ..
h ro lh e rs , .\"U
h a v e c h o ,e n
1 '. u 'e
lh e
"",d ia
ro r Ih e IM 'rp ".e
o f "o n d e m rn n l:
V ie tn a "",s e
fil:h t o n th e m ilita ry rro o t,lh e
p ',lilic a lfr o n t,u n d
Ih e d lp lo m a tl"
r r ~ n l'~ m u l-
lh e m
r..r io a p p ...p ria te
u 'e
o f Ih e o le d ia !
..la n e o u ,ly .
II i, Ih e k e y 1 0 Ih e ir a b ilily
1 0 e n d u rc
a n d Ih e rc a ,o n
w h y Ih e y w Ill. w In ..
S ,.m e .o f y ..u r p o io l'
.o rp ris e
m e. You
a c c u s e C a ..n ic h a e l
..f'o m e tlm ~ ,
...m In I:
lu
,\n d lh e
B la c k P a n lh e rP a rty
i,d o io J :ju ,1 Ih a l.
Y e s , w h y a r.e Y O U ~ ..p re o c "u p le d w Ith
s a v "w h a le ."r
w a ' o "c ",s a ry
lu I:e llh e
d e s ire d
re ,p "o s e ,
in ,le a d
u r s a y ln l: w h a l w a ,
Ih o s e "?G u n s a re n 'l 'trd n g e
1 0 Ih e I:h e tl.., W h a t is ra r m "re
In te re 'tln l:
a b o u tlh e
B la "k
n e .c e s s a r, 1 0 b u ild
re ."lu li"n a rv
c ..n s c io u s n e s s ," ,\re
y o u s a y in l: Ih a tlh e
r e 'lM 'n s e h e
P a n lh e r P a rtv is th e ir d o u r-Io -d ...,r
a p p ...a c h
tI, I:h e ll.. re .id e n ts .
T h e ir
p '.liti" a l
"am -
w a , ..e k .in l: w a . c o u n le r 1 0 b o ild in l:
re .o iu tio n a ry
c o n s "io u s n e ,,"? Irs o , w h y d id n 't y ..u
p a il:n s fo r I.'.:a l o ffi" e .
T h e i r p e l i t i o l L . r o r p o l i c e c o n l r o l b . . a ~ d . s a n d r e - , t r : u "
s p e a k "u l
a n d s tl'p
h im
Ih e n '? W h y
n o ".
w h e n in y o u r n e x l p a ra l:ra p h
you say he has
p ',Ii"e
d e p a rtm e n ts . T h e ir
c u m m u n ity
n J e e lin l:s . T h e ir
p '.litlc a l
e d u c a tIo n
c la s "."s ,
c e ll.e d
1 ,. p e rf'u rm
Ih i.
ru n c l;..n '?
.B e ro re
lh e B la c k P a n th " rs
m a r c h e d o n S a c r a m e n lll,lh e y
ru u l:h t fo r, a n d o b ta In e d a
Y u u r a c r u s a liu n ,
a l:a in ,t
( 'a r m ic h a c l,
in fa c l..c c m
lu b c o n ly r o r th e p u r lM 's c o r In -
s tre e l
liv ;h t
a t
a
d a n l:"ro u ,
in te rs e "tio n
n e a r
a
I:h e llo
s c h o o l.
H uey
a s k e d
d o
tr ,o d u c in l: ,o u r c r ilic is m u r lh e
B la c k P a n lh e r P a rty a n d ..n e u rits
m u .ta rtic u la te
'p ',k e ,-
'u u
th in k
IIh e llo
r e s id c n ls
a re n 't a w a re ..r w h a llh c
B la c k
P u n lh e r
P a rty
i, d o in l: r o r
m u n . ""d rid l:e
C le a v e r. ,\.id .
rru m lh c
in c r e d ih ly
im p " lilic lim in l:o r y u ~ r a
ih " m " ? D o y o u Ih in k
ilc ,ju ,llh e
I:u n , a n d ja c k e ls
Ih Il
a re c a u ,in ll
B la c k
P a n th e r c h u p -
w h e n lh e
lu la l
ru rre s
,o f lh e s la te w c rc
I:u lh c rio ll
1 .. p u l h im
b a c k b e h In d
b a rs -Ih e
le r,
1 0 .p rin l:
u p a ll u .e r
Ih c c u u n lr y '?
W a s il
H uey
N e w ll.n 's
h la c k
b e r e llh a l
m ade
le .c l
.o f y u u r c r ilic is m
is h u r d ly
Ih a t u f a re ...lu liu n a ry
u o d a n in te lr c ~ lu a l,
,
p e o p le -a n d
c u n lin u e s
lu
m a k e p e u p lc - w illin l:
1 0 la y d u w n .l.h e ir
liv e s ro r h i,? " ?
I" .
'u u
r e u llv
b e lie v e
Ih a l C le a .e r's
in n u e n c e
in lhe
h la c k u n d r a d ic a l w h Ile
com -
B e ru re lh e B la c k P a n th e r P a rt, c a " " , a lu n ll, S N C C a n d
u lh e r mllll a n t
b la c k o rl:8 rn z a -
m u n iti..'s in Ih e l;.s ,
a n d a h ro a d c u m ",
.o lc ly
fru m
h i. .la tu s
a s a n "e x -c o n .ic l
ra p is l
I;..n s w e re d u in l: .a lu a b lc
w u rk i;. ..rl:a n iz in l:
lh e h la c k c u m m u n ily ,
B u t it w a s E ld r id l:e
re ...lu liu n a ry " !'?
J u liu s , Ih a l',
T H ".IR
(Ih e p ills ) I:a m e ! II h u rts lu s e e y o u p l.a ~ in ~ il.
C le a v c r's c l,.q u e n l c x p re " iu n
u rlh e
p r in c ip le s
u r H u ry
N e ,,:tu n a n d Ih c B la c k P ~ n th e r
C lc a .c r
h u , re a c h c d Ih l,u .a u d ,
u r p e '.p lc - a n d
i. d e ,p e r d lc ly
S U U llh lru r a n rn h lla tl..n
P u rtv lh a l ra i,e d
Ih e le v e l u r ,lru I:I:I".
f . . r
C le a .e r
w a s Ih e tIm
II. c re a le u m e a rn n l:fu l
h ) th e Y 'lu b lis h m e n l-
h e c a u .e h e h u s .,."",Ih in l:
lu S ,\ Y ! H e h a s .u ln e lh in ll
1 0 S U )1 0
w u r k il.l:a llia n c e h c lw e e n r e v u lu liu n a r ic .- b lu c k ,b r u w n a u d " b it..
T h e ~ la c k P a n th e r
b la c k p e u p lc , a o d II. r c .u lu li,H 'a r y
w h ilc
p rI.p lc .
H e is .a lu a b le
lIu l b c c a u s e o r h i, 1 I0 ry
P u rty -,u rc
" r ils c lf, u f ils .Ir c n lllh ,
..r ils 1 I0 a l" u fils
p r..llr~ m
a n ~ ,If its ,~ e ",:,~ d e n c
p a s l, b u l h c ra u s e " fh is
a r tic u lu lc
e s p "u s a l o rlh e I:u a ls a n d p r\u00b0l:ra m "rlh c
B la c k P a n lh e r
-"a s
I I . . 1 a r r a i d 1 0 1 . 1 1 w h i t e s . 1 1 0 1
..n ly y o u C A N
b e re v o lu tlo n a ~ le s : w e E X P F .C T
y o u
P a rt),
. . ,
10 he
re .o lu lio n a ric ,.
O U R jo h
is 1 0 lih e r a le
Ih e
c o h ln y ,
Y O U R jo b
IS to c re a te .re v \u00b0.'u -
,\n d ju s l
a s il is 1 1 0 1C le a v c r " s ja ilh ir d
p a .llh a l
.il:n a ls
h i,
im p ,.rta llc ~ ,.n e llh e r
~ s." ~ h e
lio n
in
Ih e
m o lh c r
c ..u n tr:v :.
I f
" ."
I.u lh
d u
I.u r
jo h s
e ffe c l~ .e ly :.
w e
,,"~ I
b ~ w o rk ~ n g .
s id e
h la " k ja c k c ls
a n d h e r c l' o ilh e
B lu c k P a lllh e r P a rty Ih u l m a k c s th e m a
~ lla l o r g a r n la tlo n
h y .id ..
S II.k e ly lo ..k
th e tlrs l
.tIa l
,tc p
"h e n
h e lo h l w h ,te "
Y u u r j..b
IS II, e llm lR a l.e
lo d u ,.
II is Ih c p la lfu rm
a lld
p r..llra m
..rlh c
IIla c k
P a n lh e r P a rty "h ,c h
H u e y N e "to n
ra c is m
w h e r e il e x i,l,
- in
Ih e w h ile
c u m m u llily :.
T h e
B la c k
P u n lh e r
P u rly
to o k
1 1
a n d B o b h y S c a le d rc "
u p n e a rl., Ih rc c ~ e a rs a llo .a n d
" ilh
w h ic h Ih e P a o lh e rs h a ..
h e e n
o Il. im m e a s u r a b l"
s le p r o r th e r in s a y in l:, " R a c is m
i, o n l~ lh e h e l:in n in ll.
Y u o rjo b
is 1 0
o r lla n iz in l:
a lld e d u c u lin ll
Ih c b la c k
c o m m u llily .
.c lim io a le
c a p ila lis m
a n d im p e r iu lis m ,
, \ lI d
Ih a t w ill h " c o m e o u r ju b ,I1 .."
b e c a u ,e n o n e
1 .h c B la c k P a n lh " r
P a r t'i h a . h u ill a lld o r l:a n iz c d
in m a n y w a y s .s u m e In e d a n d le ,le d
o r u , c a n s u r.i.e
u n l",s
w e c lim in a le
a ll Ih ..e ."
h c fo re a m " n llra d ic u lb la c k ..,.o m c
rc ,o lu l;.)n u r~
illr n .,a lio n s ,
Y e "lh e y
la u llh t Ib e b la c k
J u liu s , I c a n n o t b c lie .e
Ih a l y u u h a ..
rc a lfy
a llc m p le d
lu k rn ,w
a n d u n d e rs la n d
Ih e
m a n IIi a rm
h i,R s c lf r o r .c lf- d c lt'lls e .
t. Ih a l ,u M a rtlin ll
a c u n c c p t'? I, r c b u ild in ll
b i~ "k
p h c n o "",n a
lh a t is Ih e B la c k
P a n lh e r P a rty , u r th e "",n
-N e w lo n ,
C le a v e r , S e ~ le ,
d il:n it,
a lld s c lf-rrs p e c l
n c w ? Is it in u p
p r ia leIII I c a c h lh c h la c k m a n ll's la n d
u p a l:a ln s l
C :lrm ic h a e l-w h o a re
its h e 'lk n o w n .p ,.k c s m " n .1 I
y o u h a d ,~ o u w o u ld 1 1 0 1h e a lla " k ln l:
th e b r;".'
~ .""r
lo flh " ,c
"h u
"o u ld
c o lo n iz e
h im
o n ly h e c a u s e Ih e y H A V E
th e p u "e r"?
Ih e m
in th e m u n n e r ,o u
a re . S c ,m c lim e s Ih e e n e m y d ,IC s Il'1 h a ..
II. ,n e a k
in rrom
Ih e
rc a r-
h c "o m rs
I.u i o f o u r ..w n
m u u lh s , W e s h o u ld
w a lc h
ro r h im ,
P O L IT IC IA N
&
G IR L
F R IE N D
IN D IC T E D
FO R
S M U G G L IN G
N E W
Y O R K
- - A
F e d e ra l
G ra n d
I J u ry
h a s
In d lc le d
a
M a ry la n d s ta te
I
S e n a to r
o n
c h a rg e s
o f
s m u g g llu g
a n d
c o n s p ir in g
t o
s m u g g le '
1 7
p o u n d s
o f
h a s h is h
In to
th e
U .S .
fro m
P a k Is ta n .
th e
P ig s
~: : : : N ~ ~ ~ :
F e d e ra ll
b y
T h e
D IP
R e c e n tly
a young
b la c k
m an cam e
In to
d Ie
N a tio n a l
H e a d q u a rte r's
o ffic e
o f
d Ie
B L A C K
P A N 1 1 !E R
P A R T Y
a n d
w e
h a d
a
p re tty
n ic e
c o n v e rs a tio n .
T h e
d lln g
d la t
Im -
p re s s e d
m e
th e
m o s t,
h o w e v e r,
w as
d Ie
re a s o n
h e
g a v ,
fo r
q u It-
tin g
a g o v e rn m e n tjo b .
Q -W h y
d o
y o u
w ant
1 0
re s Ig n :
A -".
a m
re s Ig n In g
I n
p ro te s t
t o
d Ie
d lo u s a n d
a n d
o n e
c h a n g e ~
\
b la c k ,
m e x ic a n
a n d
o th e r
m ln o r-
I t Y
w o rk e rs
h a v e
t o
g o
th ro u g h
I n
o rd e r
t o
m ake
I t
a t th ls
w o rk -
s ite
a n d
th ro u g h o u t
th is
ra c is t
c o u n try .
I
a m
re s Ig n in g
b e c a u s e
1
fe e l
th a t
1 can
n o
lo n g e r
c o n -
trib u te
t o
th ls
c o u n try 's
c rim e s
o f
a g g re s s io n
a g a In s t
th e
v le t
-
nam ese
p e o p le
a n d
o th e r
P e Q P Ie .
o f
c o lo r
th ro u g h o u t
th e
w o ~ ld .
I
fe e l
I t '.
m y
d u ty
n o w
t o
d e d -
Ic a te
m y
lI f e
fo r
m y
p e o p le ."
D E S T R U C T IO NO f
T H E N E W P IG S
b y
"th e
D ip "
C h ie l
0 1 P ig s
G 8 ln s h o s g o ts o m e
I
b ra n d
n e w
p Ig s ,
c .k ls n :J
D ire c t
i
A c tio n
C o m m itte e ,
[
re c e iv e d
I
new s
lro m
a
re p re s e n ta tiv e
0 1 th e
b la c k
c o m m u n ity
I n
lh e
E a s t
c .k -
la n d
a re a
a b o u t
lh ls
o rg a n Iz a tio n ,
I t
is
u n d e rs to o d
lh s t
lh e
C h ie l
0 1
P ig s
I n
C .:.la n d ,
"C h le l
P Ig
G 8 ln s "
a n d
th e s e
-p ie
h a d
a
s e s s Io n
(m e e tin g )
la s t
w eek,
th e
o u tc o m e
b e In g
th o t
lh e s e
p u n k s
a re
a llo w e d
io
c a rry
g u n s
a n d
w ear
th e
u n llo r m
lh s t
th e
pow er
s tru c tu re
g a v e
lh e m .
W hy?
S o
th e y
c a n
h e lp
lh e
lo c a l
p ig s
t o
p ro te c t
lh e
w h ite
b u s In e s s
I n
th e
b la c k
c o m m u n itie s
I n
lh e
e a s tb a y ,
T o
m e
lh ls
I s
J u s t
a n o th e r
lo rm
0 1
p ig Is m
a g a In s t
lh e
-p ie
b u t
lo r
th e
p u n k
pow er
s tru c tu re .
T h e y
c o u ld
g iv e
m e
o n e
o Ith o s e
m onkey
s u Its
a n d
s
g u n ,
b u t
lh e y 'd
b e
dam ;
1 0 0 ls
t o
lh ln k
[
w o u ld
u s e
I I
I n
a n y
w ay
a g a in s t
m "j
ow n
-p Ie .
U
th In g s
g o t
. . . t
0 1
c o n tro l--l,
lo r
o n e , w o u ld
h o v e
n o
1 8 rt
I n
b e In g
a
c o n tro llIn g
la c to r
t o
. I d
I n
o p p re s s In g
m y
p e o p le .
I
J u s t
d o n 't
b e lie v e
lh e y
h a v e
a
p Ig
s ty
th a t
I
c o u ld
I I I ,
A nd
t o
th e
p u n k s
lh s t
a re
S O
w eak
t o
1 .1 1
lo r
s u c h
e v e ry d a y
h o g -le d
b ra In w a s h ,
lh e y
m ust
b e
e x p e c te d
t o
b e
tre a te d
a s
. I I
o th e r
p ig s ,
" II
I s
a lw a y s
b e tte r
t o
b e
lh e
p e n e tra te r
lh s n
tb e
ta rg e t,"
3