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MAHALAYA AMAVASYA - THARPANA VIDHI

MAHALAYA AMAVASYA - THARPANA VIDHI

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Published by bhargavasarma
While performing Pithru Karya, each Pithru is to be addressed with their name and Gothra. If one does not know or remember the name and Gothra of forefathers, it should be spelled as Yagnappa (Male), and Yagnamma (female) and Gothra to be spelled as Kashyapa Gothra.

Male Pithrus are to be addressed as Sarma and female Pithrus to be addressed as Dham suffixing their names. The word Asmath should be spelled before the name and Gothram after the name.
While performing Pithru Karya, each Pithru is to be addressed with their name and Gothra. If one does not know or remember the name and Gothra of forefathers, it should be spelled as Yagnappa (Male), and Yagnamma (female) and Gothra to be spelled as Kashyapa Gothra.

Male Pithrus are to be addressed as Sarma and female Pithrus to be addressed as Dham suffixing their names. The word Asmath should be spelled before the name and Gothram after the name.

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Published by: bhargavasarma on Sep 15, 2009
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09/28/2012

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Om! Gam! Ganapathaye! Namaha!Om! Sri Raghavendraya Namaha!Om! Namo! Bhagavathe! Vasudevaya!Om! Ham! Hanumathe Sri Rama Doothaya Namaha!
Mahalaya ± AmaavaasyaTharpana Vidhi
Before performing Tharpana, proper Sankalpa sloka should be recited afterperforming Aachamanam and Pranayamam facing east. Depending on theday, time and occasion Sankalpa sloka may differ slightly.
Tharpana Sankalpa Sloka
 
(An example)
 
Sri Govinda - Govinda! Sri MahaVishnor Aagnaaya,Pravarthamanasya, Aadya Bramhane, Dwiteeya Parardhe, SriSwetha Varaaha Kalpe, Vaivaswatha Manvanthare, Kaliyuge, KaliPrathama Charane, Bauddhavathare, Salivaahanasakhe,Jambudweepe, Meror Dakshina bhage, Bhaaratavarshe, BharathaKhande, Godavari Dakshina theere, «««.Sannidhau, AsminVarthamane, Vyavahaarike, Chaandramanena, Sri Virodhi NamaSanvastare, Dakshinayana, Varsha Ruthau, Bhadrapada Maase,Krishna Pakshe, ««..Thithau, «««Vaasare, Vishnu Nakshatre,Vishnu Yoge, Vishnu Karane, evam guna visheshana visistayaam,Punya thithau, Praacheenavithi
 (Yagnopaveetham in apasavya position)
 
Samastha Pithrunaam Akshaya Punya Lokaavaapthyartham KanyagatheSavithari Aashadyaadhi PanchamahaApara Paksheshu Asmin Pithru PaksheSakrunMahalaya Sraaddhanga Saddhyah Thila Tharpanam Karishye.While performing Pithru KaryaYagnopaveethamshould be inApasavya  position and one shouldface the South direction.Pithru Karya should be performed only by wearingPavithrammade up of Dharbha(Kusa Grass) to theright hand ring finger.
Tharpana procedure
Tharpana should be given with water + Black Sesame (Thil) Seeds. Pithrutharpana should always be performed with the right hand. Take black thilseeds in to the palm, pour water from the Kalasa with the help of Uddharani(spoon) and drop the water along with thil seeds into the tharpana plate bychanting the tharpana manthra so that water should fall from the space inbetween the index finger and the thumb by tilting the palm to the right side.While performing Pithru Karya, each Pithru is to be addressed with theirname and Gothra. If one does not know or remember the name and Gothraof forefathers, it should be spelled asYagnappa(Male), andYagnamma  (female) and Gothra to be spelled asKashyapa Gothra.
 
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Male Pithrus are to be addressed asSarmaand female Pithrus to beaddressed asDhamsuffixing their names. The wordAsmathshould be spelled before the name and Gothram after the name.For example, in case of Father (Male) as Asmath Pitharam, YagnappaSarmanaam Kashyapa Gothram and in case of Mother (Female) as AsmathMaatharam, Yagnamma Dham Kashyapa Gothram. The three generations on paternal and maternal side should be addressed asVasu, Rudra and Aaditya roopaand all others should be addressed as VasuRoopa.
Typical example of a Tharpana to Father
Asmath Pitharam, Yagnappa Sarmanam, Kashyapa Gothram, Vasu Roopam,Swadhanamah Tharpayami -Tharpayami -Tharpayami.Tharpana and Pinda Pradhana have to be done in the order as per the givenlist. Tharpana and Pinda Pradhana should be performed only to the deceasedand not to the living even though they figure in the eligible list.
After the Tharpanam is complete following sloka should be recited
Yeekecha Asmath Kule Jaatha Aputhra GothrinoMruthahThey Gruhnanthu Mayadattham Soothranishpeedanodakam(AfterwardsYagnopaveetham should be sanctifiedby dipping the BrahmaGrandhi of Yagnopaveetham in water) 
Samarpana
Anena Maya, Pithru Paksha SakrunMahalaya Kruthena, Sarva Pithru ThilaTharpanena SriMadhJanardhana Vaasudevah Priyathaam Preetho VaradoBhavathu, Sri KrishnaarpanamasthuKaayena vaacha manasendri yairvaaBuddhyaatmanaa vaa prakrite swabhavathKaromi yadyat sakalam parasmaiNaarayanayethi samarpayaamiAfter completing the whole process, Pavithram should be removed. On theday Tharpana is given, one should take only one time meal. Night mealshould be avoided. In case of Sraddha Thithi including Mahalaya, mealsshould be avoided on the previous day night also.Above procedure can also be followed for performing Pithru tharpana on thedays of Amaavaasya (Darsha),Eclipse, Uttarayana and Dakshinayana ParvaKala, and at Theertha Kshethrasby appropriately making alterations inSankalpa manthra. On normal Amavasya day Tharpana should be given toonly Dwadasa Pithru (serial # 1 to 13).
 
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Sarva Pithru list & how to address themDuring Tharpana or Pinda Pradhana
Relationship How to addressthe Pithru
1Father Pitharam (VasuRoopa)2Grand Father (Father¶sFather)Pithamaham (RudraRoopa)3Great Grand Father (Father¶sGrand Father)Prapithaamaham(Aaditya Roopa)4Mother Maatharam (VasuRoopa)5Paternal Grand Mother(Father¶s Mother)Pithaamahim (RudraRoopa)6Paternal Great Grand Mother(Father¶s Grand Mother)Prapithamahim(Aaditya Roopa)7Step Mother Saapatni Maatharam(Vasu Roopa)8Maternal Grand Father(Mother¶s father)Maathamaham(Vasu Roopa)9Maternal Great Grand Father(Mother¶s paternal Grandfather)Maathu Pithamaham(Rudra Roopa)10Maternal Great Great GrandFather (Mother¶s Great GrandFather)MaathuPrapithaamaham(Aaditya Roopa)11Maternal Grand Mother(Mother¶s Mother)Maathaamahim(Vasu Roopa)12Maternal Great GrandMother (Mother¶s paternalGrand Mother)Maathu Pithamahim(Rudra Roopa)13Maternal Great Great GrandMother (Mother¶s paternalGreat Grand Mother)MathuPrapithaamahim(Aaditya Roopa)14Wife Pathneem15Son/s (self) Sutham16Daughter ± in - law Snushaam17Brother/s BhraatharamTatthPathneemTatthputhram18Paternal Uncles (Father¶sBrothers)PithravyamTatthPathneemTatthputhram19Maternal Uncles (Mother¶sBrothers)MathulamTattpatneemTatthPuthram20Daughter (self) Duhitharam21Son-in-law Jaamatharam22Grand son (Daughter¶s son) Dauhithram

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